Volume 12, Issue 1 ((Autumn & Winter) 2023)                   Plant Pathol. Sci. 2023, 12(1): 105-112 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Kamgar A, Ketabchi S. (2023). The effect of three biofertilizers on growth indices of tomato and severity of bacterial wilt disease. Plant Pathol. Sci.. 12(1), 105-112. doi:10.52547/pps.12.1.105
URL: http://yujs.yu.ac.ir/pps/article-1-380-en.html
Department of Plant Pathology, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz Branch, Shiraz, Iran , ketabchis@gmail.com
Abstract:   (819 Views)
Kamgar, A. & Ketabchi, S. (2023). The effect of three biofertilizers on growth indices of tomato and severity of bacterial wilt disease. Plant Pathology Science 12(1), 105-112.     
 
Introduction: Bacterial wilt caused by Ralstonia solanacearum is one of the major diseases of tomato in the world. Today, new methods based on the use of biological products for the management of plant diseases have been considered to reduce the consumption of chemical toxins and damage to the environment, to provide an organic product for consumers. Materials and Methods: The effect of three biofertilizers: Nitro Kara (containing several nitrogen-fixing bacteria), effective microorganisms (EM®: containing several species of yeasts and bacteria), and compost on tomato growth indices and severity of bacterial wilt disease were evaluated in a completely randomized design in greenhouse conditions. Results: Analysis of variance showed that, these three bio-fertilizers had significant effect on increasing tomato growth indices, but did not significantly reduce the disease severity. Compost among them had the greatest effect on tomato growth indices even in the presence of the pathogen. Conclusion: Compost can be considered as an improvement factor for tomato growth indices in the management program of bacterial wilt disease.

 
Full-Text [PDF 283 kb]   (1094 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2022/07/15 | Accepted: 2022/12/12

References
1. Algam, S. A. E., Xie, G., Li, B., Yu, S., Su, T., & Larsen, J. (2010). Effects of Paenibacillus strains and chitosan on plant growth promotion and control of Ralstonia wilt in tomato. Journal of Plant Pathology, 593-600.
2. Ali Khani, M., Ketabachi, S. (2019). Biological control of bacterial wilt of tomato caused by Ralstonia solanacearum using the endophyte strain, Burkholderia cepacia isolated from the stem of tomato plant, in laboratory and greenhouse conditions. Journal of Medicinal Plants 9(3), 237-246. (In Persian with English Abstract)
3. Denny, T. (2006). Plant pathogenic Ralstonia species. Plant-associated bacteria, 573-644. [DOI:10.1007/978-1-4020-4538-7_16]
4. Hakim Rabet, S., & Ketabchi, S. (2021). The effect of compost fertilizers, vermicompost and their tea on bacterial vascular wilt and growth indices in tomato seedlings. Journal of Applied Research in Plant Protection, 9(4), 61-74.
5. Khan, M., & Sharif, M. (2012). Solubility enhancement of phosphorus from rock phosphate through composting with poultry litter. Sarhad Journal Agricultural, 28(3), 415-420.
6. Nurqalipour, F., Malkoti, M. J., & Khawazi, K. (2013). The role of Thiobacillus bacteria and phosphate solubilizers on the increase of phosphorus absorption from the phosphate soil source. Publication of agricultural education in Karaj, Iran. (In Persian with English Abstract)
7. Purnawati, A. (2014). Endophytic bacteria as biocontrol agents of tomato bacterial wilt disease. Journal of Tropical Life Science, 4(1), 33-36. [DOI:10.11594/jtls.04.01.06]
8. Saddler, G. S. (2005). Management of bacterial wilt disease. Bacterial wilt disease and the Ralstonia solanacearum species complex, 121-132.
9. Soltani, H., Zafari, D., & Rouhani, H. (2006). A study on biological control of the crown, root and tuber fungal diseases of potato by Trichoderma harzianum under in-vivo and field condition in Hamadan. Journal of Agriculture and Water Research, 5, 13-25. (In Persian with English Abstract)
10. Zhao, F., Zhang, Y., Dong, W., Zhang, Y., Zhang, G., Sun, Z., & Yang, L. (2019). Vermicompost can suppress Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici via generation of beneficial bacteria in a long-term tomato monoculture soil. Plant and Soil, 440, 491-505. [DOI:10.1007/s11104-019-04104-y]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 CC BY-NC 4.0 | University of Yasouj Plant Pathology Science

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb