Volume 10, Issue 2 ((Spring and Summer) 2021)                   Plant Pathol. Sci. 2021, 10(2): 116-127 | Back to browse issues page


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Farri K, Khezri M. (2021). Integrate management method of plants crown gall disease. Plant Pathol. Sci.. 10(2), 116-127. doi:10.52547/pps.10.2.116
URL: http://yujs.yu.ac.ir/pps/article-1-343-en.html
Iranian Research Institute of Plant Protection, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Tehran, Iran , ma_khezri@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (2372 Views)
Farri K, Khezri M (2021) Integrate management method of plants crown gall disease. Plant Pathology Science 10(2):116-127.  
   Doi: 10.2982/PPS.10.2.116.

 
Agrobacterium tumefaciens is capable of causing distractive disease of crown gall in a wide range of dicotyledonous plants and causes great economic impact in its hosts. This soil-dwelling bacterium can survive as a saprophyte in soil and plant debris for a long time. When the host plant is present, the bacterium is absorbed into the plant through the root secretions from the wounds and enters the plant through it. The pathogenic bacteria introduce a part of its Ti plasmid, called T-DNA, into the plant cell. Integration of the T-DNA to plant cell genome results in expression of the encoded oncogenes and an increasing the production of phytohormones in cells. Overproduction of auxin and cytokinin leads to cells hyperplasia and hypertrophy, which results in the gall formation on the root, crown, and branches of infected plants. As regards the wide host range, high economic impact, and difficult control of this disease, in this article phenotypic, genetic and pathogenicity characteristics of bacteria have been studied, as well as biology and effective strategies of integrated disease management are presented.
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Type of Study: Extentional | Subject: Special
Received: 2021/09/11 | Accepted: 2021/12/1

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