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Faegheh Etminani, Adibeh Etminani, Behrouz Harighi,
Volume 5, Issue 2 (8-2016)

Etminani F., Etminani A. & Harighi B. 2016. Role of endophytic bacteria in sustainable agriculture. Plant Pathology Science 5(2):71-80.

Food security is one of the most challenges in the world. This problem is more important in regions with unsuitable agricultural system conditions. Use of chemical pesticides to protect crops against plant pathogens and insects has been increasing over the last decades. Chemical fertilizers increase the yield but usually reduce soil fertility and harm to environment. Therefore, application of endophytic bacteria as alternative fertilizers can be used in sustainable agriculture without affecting environment. Endophytic bacteria use various mechanisms to enhance plant growth such as nitrogen fixation, solubilization of phosphate, production of phytohormones like auxin, cytokinin and gibberellin, production of Hydrogen cyanide and Siderophore as an antimicrobial compounds to control of soilborne disease and increasing plant resistance to abiotic disorders. Knowledge about endophytic bacteria- plant interaction can provide effective strategy to develop sustainable agriculture in order to ensure yield improvement without affecting environment.

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