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Showing 4 results for Canker

Aziz Bagheri,
Volume 7, Issue 2 (9-2018)
Abstract

Bagheri A. 2018. Bacterial canker of tomato. Plant Pathology Science 7(2):14-21.
DOI: 10.2982/PPS.7.2.14

Bacterial canker of tomato caused by Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis is one of the most important and economical diseases of tomato. Pale, yellow, dry leaves and shoots with colorless strips are the main symptoms on infected plants. The canker is formed in the last stages of the disease. Use of pathogen-free seeds or seedlings, implementation of quarantine regulations in infected areas‎, fallow and rotation with plants out of the Solanaceae family, plowing after tomatoes harvesting and drip irrigation are the main management strategies for disease control. Spraying copper chemicals can also help disease control.


Meysam Azadi, Zabihollah Azami-Sardooei, Mehdi Azadvar,
Volume 8, Issue 2 (9-2019)
Abstract

AzadiMoghadam M, AzamiSardooei Z and Azadvar M (2019) Bacterial bark canker disease of walnut tree. Plant Pathology Science 8(2):38-44. DOI: 10.2982/PPS.8.2.38

Bacterial canker disease is one of the most destructive diseases of walnut trees that causes die back and plant decline and also great damages to quality and quantity of fruits. The disease can be observed in two forms, at depth and the surface of the bark which cause by two bacteria, Brenneria nigrifluens and B. rubrifaciens, respectively. The most important way of the pathogen penetration is the wounds in the trunk and branches which are occurred due to human ‎activities or mechanical harvesting equipment. The disease becomes severe with the deep irrigation and when the nutrition is insufficient and ‎temperature and humidity are high.‎ Current paper explains history, importance, symptoms, biology, host range, sampling and isolation method also differential characteristics of bacteria and methods of disease management.

Rasool Rezaei,
Volume 9, Issue 1 (3-2020)
Abstract

Rezaei R (2020) Effect of eight essential oils on bacterial canker disease in citrus. Plant Pathology Science 9(1):30-39. DOI: 10.2982/PPS.9.1.30.
 
Introduction: Citrus bacterial canker caused by Xanthomonas citri subsp. citri is an economically important disease in many tropical and subtropical countries. Several pathotypes of this pathogen have been described which, in addition to certain genotypic features, are distinguished above all by their geographical origin and their host range. Citrus bacterial canker disease is wide spread in Iran and a major threat to the production of Mexican lime (Citrus aurantifolia). Therefore, management of citrus canker is inevitable in citrus growing areas where citrus canker has been established. Application of copper-based bactericides is a standard control measure for management of citrus canker worldwide. Therefore, their long-term use leads to the development of resistant isolates. Plant extracts and essential oils with an antimicrobial effect have become particularly important as an environmentally friendly method for the treatment of plant diseases. Many researchers have recently focused on studying plant extracts and essential oils that contain antimicrobial compounds. Material and Methods: The present study was carried out on the antibacterial effect of Common yarrow (Achillea millefolium), Ginger (Zingiber offcinale), Golden marguerite (Anthemis tinctoria), Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare), Common sage (Salvia officinalis), Gum tragacanth (Astaragalus gossypinus), Summer savory (Satureja hortensis) and True cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum) against two pathotype of Xanthomonas citri subsp. citri under laboratory and greenhouse conditions. Results: All essential oils have an inhibitory effect on multiplication of Xanthomonas citri subsp. citri. The antibacterial test results showed that the essential oils of Ginger and True cardamom strongly inhibited the growth of Xanthomonas citri subsp. citri pathotype, especially the pathotype A*, whereas other essential oils showed moderate to weak activities. Conclusion: The essential oils of these eight plants, especially ginger and cardamom, have good potential for the management of citrus bacterial canker.

Soghra Ghasemi-Doodaran, Mahdi Davari,
Volume 9, Issue 2 (8-2020)
Abstract

Ghasemi-Doodaran S, Davari M (2020) Fungal diseases of hazelnut in Iran. Plant Pathology Science 9(2):85-94. DOI: 10.2982/PPS.9.2.85.
 
Hazelnut tree has natural habitats in northwestern Iran in the forests of Ardabil and Gilan provinces. Decline disease is a threatening agent of hazelnut trees in these areas. Symptoms of the disease include weakness, reduced growth, leaf fall and dieback of the branches, branch and trunk canker and root rot that eventually lead to the gradual death or decline of the tree. In Iran the fungi cause hazelnut decline disease, Diaporthe amygdali, and Cytospora fuckelii as canker and Fusarium semitectum, F. lateritium, F. anthophilum and Armillaria mellea as root rot causative agents. This article describes symptoms of hazelnut decline in Iran, pathogenic fungi and management strategies.


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