Volume 10, Issue 2 ((Spring and Summer) 2021)                   pps 2021, 10(2): 15-29 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

MOHAMMADI R, keshavarzi M, hassanzadeh N, dejampour J, farhadnezhad A. 2. Relative levels of resistance to bacterial canker in Iranian apricot hybrids. pps. 2021; 10 (2) :15-29
URL: http://yujs.yu.ac.ir/pps/article-1-330-en.html
Cold and Temperate Fruits Center, Horticultural Sciences Research Institute, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization, Karaj, Iran. , kmansureh@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1326 Views)
Mohammadi R, Keshavarzi M, Hassanzadeh N, Dejampour J, Farhadnejad A (2021) Relative resistance levels to bacterial canker in Iranian apricot hybrids. Plant Pathology Science 10(2):15-29.  Doi: 10.2982/PPS.10.2.15.
Introduction: Bacterial canker caused by Pseudomonas syringae is one of the most damaging diseases in apricots. This experiment was conducted to evaluate relative resistance to the disease in 22 selected local apricot hybrids including AD507, AD405, and HS731 which were recently released as Jalil, Parsi and Shanli. Material and Methods: Evaluation methods included artificial inoculation of two-year-old seedlings in an orchard and of cut shoots in the laboratory. Initially, the pathovar identity of localP. syringae strains were determined using LOPAT and GATTa tests and three isolates were used as inoculum. The inoculation was done in the seedling stem and after one year and 1.5 years, canker length was recorded. Result: The pathovar of all isolates was identified as P. syringae pv. syringae. The longest and shortest cankers were observed in AD1033 and AC113 with averages of 34.76 mm and 8.35 mm, respectively. The cut shoot bioassay was not practical for apricots. The hybrids were classified into four groups including highly resistant, resistant, moderately resistant, and susceptible. Conclusion: AD1033, AD1042, AD940, AD811, HS210, DM101, HS203 have been classified as susceptible and should not be used in breeding programs and orchard establishment/replacement. Jalil, Parsi, and Shanli were rated as resistant, and moderately resistant, respectively.
Full-Text [PDF 1114 kb]   (413 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special

1. Agrawala RK, Sharma VC (1970) Natural varietal infectibility of stone fruits with bacterial canker. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 40:559-561.
2. Agricultural Data (2002) Crop Products in Year 2000-2001. Ministry Jihad-e-Keshavarzi, Tehran, Iran. (In Persian with English abstract). 50P.
3. Arny DC, Lindow SE, Upper CD (1976) Frost sensitivity of Zea mays increased by application of Pseudomonas syringae. Nature 262:282-284. [DOI:10.1038/262282a0]
4. Baba-Ali A, Keshavarzi M, Bouzari N, Shakib AM, Hoseinova S (2013) Relative resistance of some local and commercial cherry genotypes to Pseudomonas syringae. Seed and Plant Journal 29:295-310. (In Persian with English Abstract). 2:295-310.
5. Bahar M, Mogahedi H, Akhyanii A (1981). Apricot bacterial canker in Isfahan. Iranian Journal of Plant Pathology 18:58-68. (In Persian with English Abstract).
6. Balan V, Oprea M, Drosu S, Chireceanu C, Tudor V, Petrisor C (2006) Maintenance of biodiversity of apricot tree phenotypes in Romania. Acta Horticulturae 701: 199-206 [DOI:10.17660/ActaHortic.2006.701.29]
7. Banapur A, Zakeri Z, Amani G (1990). Cherry bacterial canker in Tehran. Proceedings of the 9th Plant Protection Congress of Iran, Mashhad, Iran, p.94. (In Persian).
8. Bassi D (1999) Apricot culture: present and future. Acta Horticulturae 488: 35-40. [DOI:10.17660/ActaHortic.1999.488.1]
9. Burke MJ, Gusta LV, Quamme HA, Weiser CJ, Li PH (1976) Freezing and injury in plants. Annual Review of Plant Physiology 27:507-528. [DOI:10.1146/annurev.pp.27.060176.002451]
10. Cao T, Sayler R J, DeJong TM, Kirkpatrick BC, Bostock RM, Shackel KA (1999) Influence of stem diameter, water content, and freezing-thawing on bacterial canker development in excised stems of dormant stone fruit. Phytopathology 89:962-966 [DOI:10.1094/PHYTO.1999.89.10.962] [PMID]
11. Dejampour J (2016) Evaluation of apricot hybrids to obtain new cultivars. Final Report 39267, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organisation of Iran. 46P. (In Persian).
12. Donmez M, Karlidag H, Esitken A (2009). Identification of resistance to bacterial canker (Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae) disease on apricot genotypes grown in Turkey. European Journal of Plant Pathology 126:241-247. [DOI:10.1007/s10658-009-9536-x]
13. Dowler WM, Weaver DJ (1975) Isolation and characterization of fluorescnt pseudomonads from apparently healthy peach trees. Phytopathology 65:233-236. [DOI:10.1094/Phyto-65-233]
14. Endert E, Ritchie DF (1984) Detection of pathogenicity, measurement of virulence and determination of strain variation in Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae. Plant Disease 68:677-680 https://doi.org/10.1094/PD-69-677 [DOI:10.1094/PD-68-677]
15. English H, Davis JR, DeVay JE, Lownsbery BF (1980) Bacterial canker, an important decline disease of apricots and other stone fruits in California. Acta Horticulturae 85:235-242. [DOI:10.17660/ActaHortic.1981.85.47]
16. Erfaninik M, Rezae, R, Charehgani H (2018) Identification of the causal agent of bacterial canker of stone fruit trees Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae in Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad province and comparison of some cherry cultivars resistance to it. Applied Research in Plant Protection 7:31-44. (In Persian with English Abstract).
17. FAO (2017) FAOSTAT database results. http:/faostat.fao.org/faostat/servlet.
18. Farhadfar S, Keshavarzi M, Bouzari N, Ladan Moghadam A, Soleimani A (2016) Susceptibility of cherries to bacterial canker in field and laboratory. International Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 6:20-27
19. Gilbert V, Planchon V, Legras F, Maraite H, Bultreys A (2010) Patogenicity and aggressiveness in populations of P. syringae from Belgian fruit orchards. European Journal of Plant Pathology 126:263-277. [DOI:10.1007/s10658-009-9538-8]
20. Hattingh M J, Roos IMM (1995) Bacterial Canker. Pp. 48-50. In: JM Ogawa and EI Zehr (ed.), Compendum of Stone Fruit Diseases, APS Press.
21. Hormaza JI (2002) Molecular characterization and similarity relationships among apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.) genotypes using simple sequence repeats. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 104:321-328. [DOI:10.1007/s001220100684] [PMID]
22. Jafarpour B (1993). Resistant cultivars of apricot to bacterial canker (Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae) in Mashhad. Currents in Plant Science, Biotechnology and Agriculture 18:327-332. [DOI:10.1007/978-94-011-2004-3_55]
23. Kałuzna M, Puławska J, Sobiczewski P (2010) The use of PCR melting profile for typing of Pseudomonas syringae isolates from stone fruit trees. European Journal of Plant Pathology 126:437-443. [DOI:10.1007/s10658-009-9553-9]
24. Karimi-kurdistani G, Harighi B (2008) Phenotypic and molecular properties of Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae the causal agent of bacterial canker of stone fruit trees in Kurdistan province. Journal of Plant Pathology 90:81-86. (In Persian with English Abstract).
25. Kennelly MM, Cazorla FM, de Vincente A, Ramos C, Sundin GW (2007) Pseudomonas syringae diseases of fruit trees, progress toward understanding and control. Plant Disease 91:4-17. [DOI:10.1094/PD-91-0004] [PMID]
26. Keshavarzi M, Bouzari N (2014) Bacterial canker resistance in a number of selected apricot genotypes. Final Report 46359, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization of Iran. 35P. (In Persian with English Abstract).
27. Klement Z, Rozsnyay DS, Balo E, Prileszky M (1984) The effect of cold on development of bacterial canker in apricot trees infected with Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae. Physiological Plant Pathology 24:237-246 [DOI:10.1016/0048-4059(84)90031-6]
28. Lelliott RA, Stead DE (1987) Method for the Diagnosis of Bacterial Disease of Plants. Blackwell Scientific Publications, 216p.
29. Prunier J-P, Psallidas P, Scortichini M, Simeone AM, Martins JMS, Lopez MM (1997) European co-operative research on apricot bacterial diseases. In XI International Symposium on Apricot Culture. 488:699-704 [DOI:10.17660/ActaHortic.1999.488.116]
30. Santi F, Russell K, Menard M, Dufour J (2004) Screening wild cherry for resistance to bacterial canker by laboratory and field tests. Forest Pathology 34:349-362. [DOI:10.1111/j.1439-0329.2004.00376.x]
31. Schaad NW, Jones JB, Chun W (2001) Laboratory Guide for Identification of Plant Pathogenic Bacteria. 3rd ed., APS Press. 373P.
32. Shams Bakhsh M, Rahimian H (1989) Characterization of stone fruits bacterial canker in Mazandaran. Proceedings of the 9th Plant Protection Congress of Iran, Mashhad, p.134. (In Persian with English abstract).
33. Sinden SI, De Vay JE, Backman PA (1971) Properties of syringomycin, a wide spectrum antibiotic and phytotoxin produced by Pseudomonas syringae, and its role in bacterial canker disease of peach trees. Physiological Plant Pathology 1:199-213. [DOI:10.1016/0048-4059(71)90029-4]
34. Singh HV, Mir MS, Wani MA (2005) Effect of host genotype and age of plant on resistance to gummosis disease in apricot of Kargil. Annals of Plant Protection Sciences 13:152-155:
35. Sobiczewski P, Jones AL (1992) Effect of exposure to freezing temperatures on necrosis in sweet cherry shoots inoculated with Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae or P. s. pv. morsprunorum. Plant Disease 76:447-451. [DOI:10.1094/PD-76-0447]
36. Topp BL, Heaton JB, Russell DM (1989) Introduction and evaluation of stone fruit varieties for the Granit belt of Queensland. In Australian Temperate Fruits Review Conference 240:39-42. [DOI:10.17660/ActaHortic.1989.240.5]
37. Weaver DJ (1978) Interaction of Pseudomonas syringae and freezing in bacterial canker on excised peach twigs. Phytopathology 68:1460-1463. [DOI:10.1094/Phyto-68-1460]
38. Zamze S (1983) The structure of lipopolysaccharide from Pseudomonas syringae pv. morsporonorum and its role in canker decay. PhD Thesis, National Academic Awards. Thames Polytechnic.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | University of Yasouj Plant Pathology Science

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb