[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 6, Issue 1 (3-2017) ::
2017, 6(1): 12-21 Back to browse issues page
Grapevine Esca Disease
Abolfazl Narmani , Mahdi Arzanlou *
Associate Professor of Plant Pathology, Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran , arzanlou@tabrizu.ac.ir
Abstract:   (605 Views)

Narmani A. & Arzanlou M. 2017. Grapevine Esca disease. Plant Pathology Science 6(1): 12-21.

Esca is one of the most important and destructive diseases of grapevines worldwide, decreasing growth and yield in all stages of growth. Phaeoacremonium minimum is known as the main fungal species associated with disease, worldwide and its pathogenicity on grapevines have been documented by several studies in Iran. In the vineyards, infected plant material, soil and reproductive material are the main sources of inoculums. Pruning wounds are the main route for entrance of pathogen and infection. Seasonal and environmental factors such as stress and damage caused by freezing are effective on the symptom developed. Disease management strategies are mainly preventive with pruning and elimination of infected organs and treatment of pruning wounds with fungicides have been suggested.

Keywords: Grape, Trunk disease, Phaeoacremonium
Full-Text [PDF 511 kb]   (138 Downloads)    
Type of Study: EXTENTIONAL | Subject: Special
Received: 2016/07/4 | Accepted: 2017/02/20
1. Adalat K., Whiting C., Rooney-Latham S. & Gubler, W. D. 2000. Pathogenicity of three species of Phaeoacremonium spp. on grapevine in California. Phytopathologia Mediterranea 39:92-99.
2. Aroca A., Gramaje D., Armengol J., García-Jiménez J. & Raposo R. 2010. Evaluation of the grapevine nursery propagation process as a source of Phaeoacremonium spp. and Phaeomoniella chlamydospora and occurrence of trunk disease pathogens in rootstock mother vines in Spain. European Journal of Plant Pathology 126:165-174. [DOI:10.1007/s10658-009-9530-3]
3. Arzanlou M. & Narmani A. 2014. Multiplex PCR for specific identification and determination of mating type in Togninia minima (anamorph Phaeoacremonium aleophilum), a causal agent of esca disease of grapevine. Phytopathologia Mediterranea 53:240-249.
4. Arzanlou M., Moshari S., Salari M. & Badali H. 2013. Molecular characterization and pathogenicity of Phaeoacremonium spp. associated with esca disease of grapevine in Northern Iran. Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection 46:375-388. [DOI:10.1080/03235408.2012.741443]
6. Arzanlou M., Narmani A., Moshari S. & Khodaei S. 2014. Pome and stone fruit trees as possible reservoir hosts for Phaeoacremonium spp., the causal agents of grapevine esca disease, in Iran. Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection 47:717-727. [DOI:10.1080/03235408.2013.820387]
7. 8. Crous P. W., Gams W., Wingfield M. J. & van Wyk P. S. 1996. Phaeoacremonium gen. nov. associated with wilt and decline diseases of woody hosts and human infection. Mycologia 88:786-796. https://doi.org/10.2307/3760973 [DOI:10.1080/03235408.2013.820387]
8. 9. Damm U., Mostert L., Crous P. W. & Fourie P. H. 2008. Novel Phaeoacremonium species associated with necrotic wood of Prunus trees. Persoonia 20:87-102. https://doi.org/10.3767/003158508X324227 [DOI:10.2307/3760973] [PMID] [PMCID]
9. 10. Eskalen A., Feliciano A. J. & Gubler W. D. 2007. Susceptibility of grapevine pruning wounds and symptom development in response to infection by Phaeoacremonium aleophilum and Phaeomoniella chlamydospora. Plant Disease 91:1100-1104. https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-91-9-1100 11. Fourie P. H. & Halleen F. 2004. Proactive control of Petri disease of grapevine through treatment of propagation material. Plant Disease 88:1241-1245. https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS.2004.88.11.1241 12. Fourie P. H., Halleen F., Groenewald M. & Crous P. W. 2000. Black goo decline of grapevine: Current understanding of this mysterious disease. Winelands 2000:93-96. [DOI:10.3767/003158508X324227]
10. Gramaje D., Armengol J., Mohammadi H., Banihashemi Z. & Mostert L. 2009. Novel Phaeoacremonium species associated with Petri disease and esca of grapevine in Iran and Spain. Mycologia 101:920-929. [DOI:10.3852/08-222] [PMID]
11. Gramaje D., Leon M., Perez-Sierra A., Burgess T. & Armengol J. 2014. New Phaeoacremonium species isolated from sandalwood trees in Western Australia. IMA Fungus 5:67-77. [DOI:10.5598/imafungus.2014.05.01.08] [PMID] [PMCID]
13. Graniti, A., Surico, G. & Mugnai, L. 2000. Esca of grapevine: a disease complex or a complex of diseases. Phytopathologia Mediterranea 39:16-20.
14. Halleen F., Crous P. W. & Petrin, O. 2003. Fungi associated with healthy grapevine cuttings in nurseries, with special reference to pathogens involved in the decline of young vines. Australasian Plant Pathology 32:47-52. 17. Hawksworth D. L., Gibson I. A. S. & Gams W. 1976. Phialophora parasitica associated with disease conditions in various trees. Transactions of the British Mycological Society 66:427-431. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0007-1536(76)80243-4 18. Hunt J. S. 2004. Trichoderma and trunk disease fungi: prospects for new protective management options. Australian and New Zealand Grapegrower and Winemaker 17-20. [DOI:10.1071/AP02062]
15. Larignon P. & Dubos B. 1997. Fangi associated with esca disease in grapevine. European Journal of Plant Pathology 103:147-157. 20. Luque J., Sierra D., Torres E. & Garcia F. 2006. Cryptovalsa ampelina on grapevines in N.E. Spain: Identification and pathogenicity. Phytopathologia Mediterranea 45:101-109. [DOI:10.1023/A:1008638409410]
16. Mohammadi H., Banihashemi Z., Gramaje D. & Armengol J. 2013. Fungal pathogens associated with grapevine trunk diseases in Iran. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology 15:137-150.
17. Morton L. 2000. Viticulture and grapevine declines: lessons of black goo. Phytopathologia Mediterranea 39:59-67.
18. Mostert L., Groenewald J. Z., Summerbell R. C., Gams W. & Crous, P. W. 2006a. Taxonomy and pathology of Togninia (Diaporthales) and its Phaeoacremonium anamorphs. Studies in Mycology 54:1-115. [DOI:10.3114/sim.54.1.1]
19. Mostert L., Halleen F., Fourie P. & Crous P. W. 2006b. A review of Phaeoacremonium species involved in Petri disease and esca of grapevines. Phytopathologia Mediterranea 45:12-29.
20. Mugnai L., Graniti A. & Surico G. 1999. Esca (black measles) and brown-wood streaking: two old and elusive diseases of grapevines. Plant Disease 83: 404-418. [DOI:10.1094/PDIS.1999.83.5.404]
21. Rolshausen P. E., Urbez-Torres J. R., Rooney-Latham S., Eskalen A., Smith R. J. & Gubler W. D. 2010. Evaluation of pruning wound susceptibility and protection against fungi associated with grapevine trunk diseases. American Journal of Enology and Viticulture 61:113-119.
22. Rooney-Latham S., Eskalen A. & Gubler W. D. 2005b. First report of naturally occurring Togninia minima perithecia. Phytopathologia Mediterranea 44:105.
23. Rumbos I. C. 1986. Phialophora parasitica, causal agent of cherry dieback. Journal of Phytopathology 117:283-287. 29. Santos C., Fragoeiro S. & Phillips A. 2005. Physiological response of grapevine cultivars and a rootstock to infection with Phaeoacremonium and Phaeomoniella isolates: an in vitro approach using plants and calluses. Science in Horticulture 103:187-198. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2004.04.023 [DOI:10.1111/j.1439-0434.1986.tb00944.x]
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

Write the security code in the box >

XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Narmani A, Arzanlou M. Grapevine Esca Disease . Plant Pathology Science. 2017; 6 (1) :12-21
URL: http://yujs.yu.ac.ir/pps/article-1-122-en.html
Volume 6, Issue 1 (3-2017) Back to browse issues page
سامانه نشریات دانشگاه یاسوج دانش بیماری شناسی گیاهی University of Yasouj Journals System Plant Pathology Science
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 817 queries by yektaweb 3571