Volume 12, Issue 1 ((Autumn & Winter) 2023)                   Plant Pathol. Sci. 2023, 12(1): 74-83 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Khezri M, Karimi Shahri M R, Ghasem A. (2023). Bacterial rot disease of saffron corm and leaf. Plant Pathol. Sci.. 12(1), 74-83. doi:10.52547/pps.12.1.74
URL: http://yujs.yu.ac.ir/pps/article-1-401-en.html
Iranian Research Institute of Plant Protection, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Tehran, Iran , ma_khezri@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (1068 Views)
Khezri, M., Karimi Shahri, M. R., & Ghasemi, A. (2023). Bacterial rot disease of saffron corm and leaf. Plant Pathology Science, 12(1), 74-83.        

Saffron is one of the valuable agricultural products and its dried stigma is used as medicine and is known as a precious spice. Infection of the plant's reproductive organs plays an important role in the spread of pathogens. The saffron is reproduced via corms, and using healthy and pathogen-free corms is the best and most effective strategy to prevent the spread of soil-borne pathogens in new areas and fields. Saffron corm rot disease is caused by some fungal and bacterial pathogens. Burkholderia gladioli pv. gladioli is the causal agent of saffron leaf and corm rot disease. The bacterium survives in the soil for a long time, and it is transmitted through the infected soil, farming tools, and corms. In recent years, this disease has been reported from Khorasan Razavi province. In this article, along with introducing the bacterial disease of saffron leaves and corms rotting, strategies to prevent the occurrence and spread of the disease have been presented.
 
Full-Text [PDF 1322 kb]   (508 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Extentional | Subject: Bacteriology
Received: 2023/01/28 | Accepted: 2023/03/11

References
1. Ahmadi, K., Ebadzadeh, H. R., Hatami, F., Mohammadnia Afrouzi, S., Abbas Taghani R, Yari S, Kalantari M (2021) Agriculture Statistics: Horticulture Production. Ministry of Jihad Agriculture Publications, Information and Communication Center, Programming Deputy, Tehran, Iran. 157p. (In Persian).
2. Ahrazem, O., Rubio-Moraga, A., Castillo-López, R., Trapero-Mozos, A., & Gómez-Gómez, L. (2010). Crocus sativus pathogens and defence responses. Functional Plant Science and Biotechnology. Global Science Book Isle worth, UK, 81-90.
3. Aymani, I., Qostal, S., Mouden, N., Selmaoui, K., Touhami, A. O., Benkirane, R., & Douira, A. (2019). Fungi associated with saffron (Crocus sativus) in Morocco. Plant Cell Biotechnology and Molecular Biology, 20, 1180-1188.
4. Bazoobandi, M., Rahimi, H., Karimi Shahri, M. R. (2020) Saffron Crop Protection. Pp.168-186. In: A Koocheki, M Khajeh Hosseini (eds.). Saffron: Science, Technology and Health. Charlotte Cockle, Chennai, India. [DOI:10.1016/B978-0-12-818638-1.00010-1]
5. Coenye, T., & Vandamme, P. (2003). Diversity and significance of Burkholderia species occupying diverse ecological niches. Environmental microbiology, 5(9), 719-729.Di Primo, P., & Cappelli, C. (2000). Preliminary characterization of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. gladioli causing fusarium corm rot of saffron in Italy. Plant Disease, 84(7), 806-806. [DOI:10.1046/j.1462-2920.2003.00471.x] [PMID]
6. El Midaoui, A., Ghzaiel, I., Vervandier-Fasseur, D., Ksila, M., Zarrouk, A., Nury, T., ... & Lizard, G. (2022). Saffron (Crocus sativus L.): A source of nutrients for health and for the treatment of neuropsychiatric and age-related diseases. Nutrients, 14(3), 597. [DOI:10.3390/nu14030597] [PMID] [PMCID]
7. Elshafie, H. S., Racioppi, R., Bufo, S. A., & Camele, I. (2017). In vitro study of biological activity of four strains of Burkholderia gladioli pv. agaricicola and identification of their bioactive metabolites using GC-MS. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, 24(2), 295-301. [DOI:10.1016/j.sjbs.2016.04.014] [PMID] [PMCID]
8. Fiori, M., Ligios, V., & Schiaffino, A. (2011). Identification and characterization of Burkholderia isolates obtained from bacterial rot of saffron (Crocus sativus L.) grown in Italy. Phytopathologia Mediterranea, 50(3), 450-461.
9. Gijon‐Hernandez, A., Teliz‐Ortiz, D., Mejia‐Sanchez, D., De La Torre‐Almaraz, R., Cardenas‐Soriano, E., De Leon, C., & Mora‐Aguilera, A. (2011). Leaf stripe and stem rot caused by Burkholderia gladioli, a new maize disease in Mexico. Journal of Phytopathology, 159(5), 377-381. [DOI:10.1111/j.1439-0434.2010.01776.x]
10. Gupta, V., Kumar, K., Fatima, K., Razdan, V. K., Sharma, B. C., Mahajan, V., & Hussain, R. (2020). Role of biocontrol agents in management of corm rot of saffron caused by Fusarium oxysporum. Agronomy, 10(9), 1398. [DOI:10.3390/agronomy10091398]
11. Gupta, V., Sharma, A., Rai, P. K., Gupta, S. K., Singh, B., Sharma, S. K., & Sharma, R. (2021). Corm rot of saffron: epidemiology and management. Agronomy, 11(2), 339. [DOI:10.3390/agronomy11020339]
12. Al-Ahmadi, M. J., Mohammadi, A., & Kohabadi, E. S. (2017). Characterization of Bacteria Isolated from the Saffron (L.) Rhizosphere. Journal of Horticultural Research, 25(2), 5-14. [DOI:10.1515/johr-2017-0017]
13. Jiao, Z., Kawamura, Y., Mishima, N., Yang, R., Li, N., Liu, X., & Ezaki, T. (2003). Need to differentiate lethal toxin‐producing strains of Burkholderia gladioli, which cause severe food poisoning: description of B. gladioli pathovar cocovenenans and an emended description of B. gladioli. Microbiology and immunology, 47(12), 915-925. [DOI:10.1111/j.1348-0421.2003.tb03465.x] [PMID]
14. Kalha, C. S., Gupta, V., Gupta, D., & Priya, S. (2007). First report of sclerotial rot of saffron caused by Sclerotium rolfsii in India. Plant Disease, 91(9), 1203-1203. [DOI:10.1094/PDIS-91-9-1203B] [PMID]
15. Karimi Sahri MR, Kamali H, Sajadinejad M. (2019) Occurrence of Burkholderia gladioli bacterial disease in saffron fields of Razavi Khorasan province. Proceedings of 6th National Congress of Biology and Natural Sciences of Iran. Non-governmental Mehr Arvand Higher Education Institute, Tehran, Iran. (In Persian).
16. Karimi Shahri, M. R., Sedaghati, N., Mostafazadeh, S., Yardehnavi, F., Zareh Hosseini, H. (2020) Molecular detection of Burkholderia gladioli in saffron fields of Razavi Khorasan province. Proceedings of 4th International and 16th Iranian Genetic Congress. Iran International Conference Center, Tehran, Iran. (In Persian with English abstract)
17. Kowalska, B., Smolińska, U., & Oskiera, M. (2015). Burkholderia gladioli associated with soft rot of onion bulbs in Poland. Journal of Plant Pathology, 37-43.
18. Lamovsek, J., Geric Stare, B., Zerjav, M., & Urek, G. (2016). Soft rot of onion bulbs caused by Burkholderia gladioli pv. alliicola in Slovenia. Journal of Plant Pathology 98:375. [DOI:10.4454/JPP.V9812.041.]
19. Mirghasempour, S. A., Studholme, D. J., Chen, W., Cui, D., & Mao, B. (2022). Identification and characterization of Fusarium nirenbergiae associated with saffron corm rot disease. Plant Disease, 106(2), 486-495. [DOI:10.1094/PDIS-04-21-0871-RE] [PMID]
20. Moon, H., Park, H. J., Jeong, A. R., Han, S. W., & Park, C. J. (2017). Isolation and identification of Burkholderia gladioli on Cymbidium orchids in Korea. Biotechnology & Biotechnological Equipment, 31(2), 280-288. [DOI:10.1080/13102818.2016.1268069]
21. Najari, G., & Nourollahi, K. (2019). Genetic diversity of Alternaria alternata the causal agent of saffron corm rot in southern and Razavi Khorasan provinces using microsatellite markers. Saffron Agronomy and Technology, 7(3), 10-22. (In Persian with English Abstract).
22. Nandakumar, R., Shahjahan, A. K. M., Yuan, X. L., Dickstein, E. R., Groth, D. E., Clark, C. A., & Rush, M. C. (2009). Burkholderia glumae and B. gladioli cause bacterial panicle blight in rice in the southern United States. Plant Disease, 93(9), 896-905. [DOI:10.1094/PDIS-93-9-0896] [PMID]
23. Peng, Z., Dottorini, T., Hu, Y., Li, M., Yan, S., Fanning, S., & Li, F. (2021). Comparative genomic analysis of the foodborne pathogen Burkholderia gladioli pv. cocovenenans harboring a bongkrekic acid biosynthesis gene cluster. Frontiers in Microbiology, 12, 628538. [DOI:10.3389/fmicb.2021.628538] [PMID] [PMCID]
24. Schaad, N. W., & Chun, W. (2001). Laboratory guide for identification of plant pathogenic bacteria. 3th. American Phytopathological Society, Minnesota, USA. 373p.
25. Vafaei, S. H., & Darvishian, E. (2023). Etiology of corm rot of saffron in Khorramabad. Journal of Saffron Research 10, 285-294. (In Persian with English Abstract)
26. Zhang, T., Huang, C., Deng, C., Zhang, Y., Feng, Y., Hu, J., & Kai, G. (2020). First report of corm rot on saffron caused by Penicillium solitum in China. Plant Disease, 104(2), 579-579. [DOI:10.1094/PDIS-09-19-1927-PDN]
27. Zhang, X. X., Chen, J. Y., Wang, Z. Y., Zou, H. D., Luo, Z. X., Yao, Z. F., & Huang, L. F. (2020). Burkholderia gladioli causes bacterial internal browning in sweetpotato of China. Australasian Plant Pathology, 49, 191-199. [DOI:10.1007/s13313-020-00691-y]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 CC BY-NC 4.0 | University of Yasouj Plant Pathology Science

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb