Volume 11, Issue 1 ((Autumn & Winter) 2022)                   pps 2022, 11(1): 74-88 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Mahdian S, Ramzani domirkolaei A, Tajik ghanbari M. 7- Effect of myrtle essential oil, chitosan and thiabendazole fungicide on citrus green mold. pps. 2022; 11 (1) :74-88
URL: http://yujs.yu.ac.ir/pps/article-1-344-en.html
Department of Plant Protection, Sari Agricultural and Natural Resources University, Sari, Iran , safaralim@gmail.com
Abstract:   (396 Views)
Mahdian S, Ramzani Domirkolaei A, Tajik Ghanbari M (2022) Effect of myrtle essential oil, chitosan and thiabendazole fungicide on citrus green mold. Plant Pathology Science 11(1):74-88.         Doi: 10.2982/PPS.11.1.74.
 
Introduction: Green mold (Penicillium digitatum) is one of the most important post-harvest pathogens of citrus fruits. Tens of thousands of citrus fruits are often destroyed by green mold in Iran every year. The use of chemical toxins to control the disease, in addition to negative environmental effects, leads to the selection of fungal-resistant populations and also endangers consumer health, so non-chemical control of the pathogen has become an important goal of researchers in recent years. Materials and Methods: The essential oil components of myrtle (Myrtus communis L.) were extracted with a Clevenger apparatus and their compounds were identified with a gas chromatography apparatus with a mass spectrometer. The inhibitory effect of myrtle essential oil and the fungicides chitosan and thiabendazole on spore germination and colony growth was investigated by mixing with PDA and PDB under laboratory conditions and by impregnating the fruit surface during storage. Results: Thirteen compounds were identified in myrtle essential oil, which was quantitatively the highest compound 1-8 cineole. Myrtle essential oil at a concentration of 1700 ppm and chitosan at a concentration of 500 ppm inhibited 100% of fungal colony growth, as did the fungicide thiabendazole. Conclusion: It is possible to use myrtle essential oil or chitosan as an alternative to the fungicide thiabendazole to control citrus green mold.
Full-Text [PDF 549 kb]   (111 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special

References
1. Abbott WS (1925) A method of computing the effectiveness of an insecticide. Journal of Economic Entomology 18:265-267. [DOI:10.1093/jee/18.2.265a]
2. Aeinechi Y (2001) Medical Terminology and Medicinal Plants of Iran. Tehran University Press. 1196p. (In Persian).
3. AlHetar MY, Zainal Abidin MA, Sariah M, Wong MY (2010) Antifungal activity of chitosan against Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense. Journal of Applied Polymer Science 1204:2434-2439. [DOI:10.1002/app.33455]
4. Ameziane N, Boubaker H, Boudyach H, Msanada F, Jilal A, Ait Benaoumar A (2007) Antifungal activity of Moroccan plants against citrus fruit pathogens. Agronomy for Sustainable Development 27:273-277. [DOI:10.1051/agro:2007022]
5. Chien PJ, Chou CC (2006) Antifungal activity of chitosan and its application to control postharvest quality and fungal rotting of Tankancitrus fruit (Citrus tankan Hayata). Journal of the Science Food and Agriculture 86:1964-1969. [DOI:10.1002/jsfa.2570]
6. ElGhaouth A, Arul J, Grenier J, Asselin A (1992) Antifungal activity of chitosan on two postharvest pathogens of strawberry fruits. Phytopathology 82:398-402. [DOI:10.1094/Phyto-82-398]
7. Eweis M, Elkholy SS, Elsabee MZ (2006) Antifungal efficacy of chitosan and its thiourea derivatives upon the growth of some sugar-beet pathogens. International Journal of Biological Macromoleculs 38:1-8. [DOI:10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2005.12.009] [PMID]
8. Fattahi Moghaddam J, Eshcovarian M (2013) Reaction of some citrus fruit bioactive compounds to wax coating during storage. Journal of Plant Production Research. 20:59-72. (In Persian with English Abstract).
9. Griffin DH (1994) Spore dormancy and germination. pp.375-398. In: DH Griffin (ed.). Fungal physiology, Second edition, New York: John Wiley & Sons.
10. Ismail M, Zhang J (2004) Postharvest citrus diseases and their control. Outlooks on Pest Management 15:29-35. [DOI:10.1564/15feb12]
11. Jitareerat P, Paumchai S, Kanlayanarat S, Sangchote S (2007) Effect of chitosan on ripening, enzymaticactivity and disease development in mango (mangifera indica) fruit. New Zealand Journal of Crop and Horticultural Science 352:211-218. [DOI:10.1080/01140670709510187]
12. Kalemba D, Kunika A (2003) Antibacterial and antifungal properties of essential oils. Current Medicinal Chemistry 10:813-829. [DOI:10.2174/0929867033457719] [PMID]
13. Kanetis L, Forster H, Adaskaveg JE (2007) Comparative efficacy of the new postharvest fungicides azoxystrobin, fludioxonil and pyrimrthanil for managing citrus green moold. Plant Diseases 91:1502-1511. [DOI:10.1094/PDIS-91-11-1502] [PMID]
14. Liu J, Tian SP, Meng XH, Xu, Y (2007) Effects of chitosan on control of postharvest diseases and physiological responses of tomato fruit. Postharvest Biological Technology 44:300-306. [DOI:10.1016/j.postharvbio.2006.12.019]
15. Long LT, Tien NTT, Trang NH, Ha TTT, Hieu NM (2014) Study on antifungal ability of water soluble chitosan against green mould infection in harvested oranges. Journal of Agricultural Science 6:205-213. [DOI:10.5539/jas.v6n8p205]
16. Martinetz H, Johnson M, Phillips B (1998) Antimicrobial effects of Myrtus communis L. essential oil on cilinical isolates of Fusarium and Penicilium. Medicinal Plants. 34:85-59. (In Persian with English Abstract).
17. Meng X, Yang L, Kennedy JF, Tian S (2010) Effects of chitosan and oligochitosan on growth of two fungal pathogens and physiological properties in pear fruit. Carbohydrate Polymers 81:70-75. [DOI:10.1016/j.carbpol.2010.01.057]
18. Miller P, Danniel R (2005) Inhibitory effects of Zingiber officinalis and Myrtus Communis L. Against Dimatiaceouses. Fitopatolgia 22:211-215.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | University of Yasouj Plant Pathology Science

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb