Volume 10, Issue 2 ((Spring and Summer) 2021)                   Plant Pathol. Sci. 2021, 10(2): 40-49 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Bahlooli S, Abrinbana M, Ghosta Y. (2021). The effect of the mixtures of carbendazim, iprodione and tebuconazole on Sclerotinia sclerotiorum. Plant Pathol. Sci.. 10(2), 40-49. doi:10.52547/pps.10.2.40
URL: http://yujs.yu.ac.ir/pps/article-1-342-en.html
Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran , m.abrinbana@urmia.ac.ir
Abstract:   (2797 Views)
Bahlooli S, Abrinbana M, Ghosta Y (2021) The effect of the mixtures of carbendazim, iprodione and tebuconazole on Sclerotinia sclerotiorum. Plant Pathology Science 10(2):40-49.  Doi: 10.2982/PPS.10.2.40.
Introduction: Soil-borne fungus Sclerotinia sclerotiorum or white mold is the cause of the destructive disease of root and stem rot of many plants. Chemical control due to the lack of highly resistant cultivars is the most important method in the pathogen management program in various plants. However, the repeated use of fungicides leads to the development of resistant strains in pathogen populations. The use of fungicides with different modes of action, especially those with a synergistic effect, is one the most important anti-resistance methods. Materials and Methods: In this research, the effect of different mixing ratios in pairs of carbendazim, iprodione, and tebuconazole fungicides and their possible synergistic activity on four S. sclerotiorum isolates were investigated in vitro conditions. For this purpose, the isolates were cultured on potato dextrose agar, containing different concentrations of fungicides mixtures, and EC50 values and the synergy factors were then determined for different mixtures ratios. Results: Tebuconazole: carbendazim mixture in 1:7 ratio, with a synergistic activity, inhibited all the isolates growth, and carbendazim: iprodione mixture in 1:9 ratio showed a synergistic effect on three isolates. Conclusion: The mixture of tabuconazole: carbendazim in 1:7 ratio had the best synergistic activity, and inhibitory effect on the growth of all the pathogen isolates, so it has the potential to be used in the management program of S. sclerotiorum.

Full-Text [PDF 867 kb]   (1179 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2021/09/5 | Accepted: 2021/11/28

1. Boland GJ, Hall R (1994) Index of plant hosts of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum. Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology 16:93-108. [DOI:10.1080/07060669409500766]
2. Bradley CA, Lamey HA, Endres GJ, Henson RA, Hanson BK, Mckay KR, Hakvorson M, LeGare DG, Porter PM (2006) Efficacy of fungicides for control of sclerotinia stem rot of canola. Plant Disease 90:1129-1134. [DOI:10.1094/PD-90-1129] [PMID]
3. De Waard M (1996) Synergism and antagonism in fungicide mixtures containing sterol demethylation inhibitors. Phytopathology 86:1280-1282.
4. Duan Y, Ge C, Liu S, Feng X, Chen C, Zhou M (2012) In vitro inhibition of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum by mixtures of azoxystrobin, SHAM, and thiram. Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology 103:101-107. [DOI:10.1016/j.pestbp.2012.04.004]
5. Ebrahimzadeh F, Abrinbana M (2019) Activity of fungicide mixtures against Botrytis cinerea isolates resistant to benzimidazoles, strobilurins and dicarboximides. Annals of Applied Biology 174:301-312. [DOI:10.1111/aab.12497]
6. Elderfield JAD, Lopez-Ruiz FJ, van den Bosch F, Cunniffe NJ (2018) Using epidemiological principles to explain fungicide resistance management tactics: Why do mixtures outperform alternations?. Phytopathology 108:803-817. [DOI:10.1094/PHYTO-08-17-0277-R] [PMID]
7. Ershad D (2009) Fungi of Iran. Iranian Research Institute of Plant Protection, Iran, 531p.
8. Gisi U (1996) Synergistic interaction of fungicides in mixtures. Phytopathology 86:1273-1279.
9. Grabski C, Gisi U (1987) Quantification of synergistic interactions of fungicides against Plasmopara and Phytophthora. Crop Protection 6:64-71. [DOI:10.1016/0261-2194(87)90031-7]
10. Kosman E, Cohen Y (1996) Procedures for calculating and differentiating synergism and antagonism of fungicide mixtures. Phytopathology 86:1263-1272.
11. Ma HX, Chen Y, Wang JX, Yu WY, Tang ZH, Chen JC, Zhou MG (2009) Activity of carbendazim, dimethachlon, iprodione, procymidone and boscalid against Sclerotinia stem rot in Jiangsu Province of China. Phytoparasitica 37:421-429. [DOI:10.1007/s12600-009-0057-0]
12. Molaei H, Abrinbana M, Ghosta Y (2020) Baseline sensitivities to azoxystrobin and tebuconazole in Sclerotinia sclerotiorum isolates from sunflower in Iran related to sensitivities to carbendazim and iprodione. Journal of Phytopathology 168:353-362. [DOI:10.1111/jph.12899]
13. Mousa Khalifani KH, Darvishzadeh R, Abrinbana M (2018) Aggressiveness diversity of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum and S. minor isolates in West Azarbaijan province and specific interaction of sunflower lines with the isolates of these pathogens. Journal of Applied Research in Plant Protection, 7:135-150. (In Persian with English Abstract).
14. Saharan GS, Mehta N (2008) Sclerotinia Disease of Crop Plants: Biology, Ecology and Disease Management. Springer Science + Business Media B.V., Netherlands, 485p. [DOI:10.1007/978-1-4020-8408-9] [PMCID]
15. Samoucha Y, Cohen Y (1984) Synergy between metalaxyl and mancozeb in controlling downy mildew in cucumbers. Phytopathology 74:1434-1437. [DOI:10.1094/Phyto-74-1434]
16. Samoucha Y, Cohen Y (1989) Field control of potato late blight by synergistic fungicidal mixtures. Plant Disease 73:751-753. [DOI:10.1094/PD-73-0751]
17. Zhang CQ, Zhu JW, Wei FL, Liu SY, Zhu GN (2007) Sensitivity of Botrytis cinerea from greenhouse vegetables to DMIs and fenhexamid. Phytoparasitica 35:300-313. [DOI:10.1007/BF02981164]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 CC BY-NC 4.0 | University of Yasouj Plant Pathology Science

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb