سال 8، شماره 2 - ( 6-1398 )                   جلد 8 شماره 2 صفحات 58-69 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها


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Fekrikohan S, Mostowfizadeh-Ghalamfarsa R. Integrated Management of Diseases Caused by Graminicolous Fungi. pps. 2019; 8 (2) :58-69
URL: http://yujs.yu.ac.ir/pps/article-1-271-fa.html
فکری کهن سپیده، مستوفی زاده قلمفرسا رضا. مدیریت تلفیقی بیماری‌های ناشی از قارچ‌های گندمیان‌زی. دانش بیماری شناسی گیاهی. 1398; 8 (2) :58-69

URL: http://yujs.yu.ac.ir/pps/article-1-271-fa.html


بخش گیاه‌پزشکی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه شیراز ، rmostofi@shirazu.ac.ir
چکیده:   (654 مشاهده)

فکری کهن س و مستوفی‌زاده­ قلمفرسا ر (1398) مدیریت تلفیقی بیماری‌های ناشی از قارچ‌های گندمیان‌زی. دانش بیماری‌شناسی گیاهی 8(2):69-58. DOI: 10.2982/PPS.8.2.58

 گندم یکی از مهم‌ترین گیاهان زراعی است که به طور گسترده در ایران و جهان برای غذای انسان و دام کشت می‌شود. این محصول توسط عوامل مختلفی از جمله قارچ‌ها مورد حمله قرار می‌گیرد. قارچ‌های گندمیان‌زی بیمارگران مهمی هستند که در گندم پوسیدگی ریشه و طوقه، لکه برگی و نقطه سیاه ایجاد می‌کنند. روش‌هایی با کارایی زیاد و ایمن برای انسان و محیط زیست برای مبارزه با آن‌ها به کار گرفته شده است. از آن‌جا که فعالیت این قارچ‌ها به عواملی مانند دما، اسیدیته، رطوبت و مواد غذایی موجود در خاک بستگی دارد، انجام درست عملیات زراعی قبل از کاشت و آبیاری و کوددهی مناسب، در مهار این عوامل بسیار مؤثر خواهد بود. از طرف دیگر انواعی از گونه‌های Trichoderma و قارچ‌ریشه‌های آربوسکولی و برخی باکتری‌ها به روش‌هایی مانند تولید بیوفیلم، افزایش رشد گیاه و تولید آنزیم بیماری را مهار می‌کنند. به طور کلی مبارزه تلفیقی با استفاده از چند روش به طور هم‌زمان بهترین نتیجه را می‌دهد.

واژه‌های کلیدی: گندم، Pleosporaceae، پوسیدگی ریشه، لکه‌برگی
متن کامل [PDF 319 kb]   (78 دریافت)    
نوع مطالعه: ترویجی | موضوع مقاله: تخصصي

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