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:: Volume 1, Issue 1 (Journal of Oil Plants Production 2014) ::
3 2014, 1(1): 44-63 Back to browse issues page
Effect of water deficit stress, different rates of nitrogen and plant density on remobilization, current photosynthesis and grain yield in sunflower
Esmaeil Gholinezhad *
Payame Noor University , gholinezhad1358@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (7949 Views)
In order to investigate the effects of water deficit stress effects, different rates of nitrogen and plant density on remobilization, current photosynthesis and grain yield in oily sunflower var. Iroflor, an experiment was carried out in field Agriculture and Research center of West-Azerbaijan during 2011 and 2012 cropping seasons. The experimental was conducted as split-split-plot base on Randomized Complete Block Design (RCB) with 3 replications. The main factor was consisted irrigation treatment including optimum irrigation, moderate stress and sever stress which irrigation was done after depletion of 50%, 70% and 90% of available water, respectively. Three nitrogen levels of 100, 160 and 220 kg N haG1 were considered as sub plots and sub-sub plots consisted of three plant populations of 5.55, 6.66 and 8.33 plants m2. The results of combined analyzes showed that severe drought stress reduced the grain yield by 60% compared to the optimum irrigation condition. Comparison of two-year-mean revealed that severe drought stress in compared with optimum irrigation dry matter remobilization rate decreased about 30 percent. Also, severe drought stress led to 35% reduction of current photosynthesis efficiency in compared with optimum irrigation. In each level of nitrogen fertilizer, increasing plant population led to increase contribution of remobilization but current photosynthesis contribution decreased. Therefore, due to reduction of current photosynthesis rate in severe drought stress condition, contribution of current photosynthesis decreased so that increasing of (contribution of, deleted) remobilization contribution prevented reduction of seed yield.
Keywords: Drought stress, photosynthesis Efficiency, Fertilizer, Remobilization Efficiency
Full-Text [PDF 251 kb]   (517 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: Special
Received: 2014/07/7 | Accepted: 2014/09/22 | Published: 2014/12/2
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gholinezhad E. Effect of water deficit stress, different rates of nitrogen and plant density on remobilization, current photosynthesis and grain yield in sunflower . 3. 2014; 1 (1) :44-63
URL: http://yujs.yu.ac.ir/jopp/article-1-23-en.html


Volume 1, Issue 1 (Journal of Oil Plants Production 2014) Back to browse issues page
سامانه نشریات دانشگاه یاسوج - مجله تولید گیاهان روغنی Journal of Oil Plants Production
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