جلد 9، شماره 2 - ( 6-1399 )                   جلد 9 شماره 2 صفحات 85-94 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها


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Ghasemi-Doodaran S, Davari M. Fungal diseases of hazelnut in Iran. pps. 2020; 9 (2) :85-94
URL: http://yujs.yu.ac.ir/pps/article-1-314-fa.html
قاسمی دودران صغری، داوری مهدی. بیماری‌های قارچی فندق در ایران. دانش بیماری شناسی گیاهی. 1399; 9 (2) :85-94

URL: http://yujs.yu.ac.ir/pps/article-1-314-fa.html


گروه گیاه‌پزشکی، دانشکده کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل ، mdavari@uma.ac.ir
چکیده:   (568 مشاهده)
قاسمی دودران ص، داوری م (1399) بیماری‌های قارچی فندق در ایران. دانش بیماری‌شناسی گیاهی 9(2): 94-85.         DOI:10.2982/PPS.9.2.85.

درخت فندق، دارای رویشگاه‌های طبیعی در شمال غرب ایران در جنگل‌های استان‌های اردبیل و گیلان است. بیماری زوال یک عامل تهدیدکننده درختان فندق در این ناحیه است. نشانه‌های بیماری به شکل ضعف عمومی، کاهش رشد، برگ‌ریزی و سرخشکیدگی شاخه‌ها، شانکر روی شاخه و تنه و پوسیدگی ریشه ظاهر می‌شوند که سرانجام به مرگ تدریجی یا زوال درختان منجر می‌شوند. قارچ‌هایی که باعث ایجاد بیماری زوال فندق در ایران می‌شوند Diaporthe amygdali،
و Cytospora fuckelii به‌عنوان عامل‌های شانکر و Fusarium semitectum، F. lateritium،  F. anthophilum و Armillaria mellea به‌عنوان عامل‌های پوسیدگی ریشه گزارش شده‌اند. نشانه‌های زوال درختان فندق در ایران، قارچ‌های بیمارگر و راهکارهای مدیریت بیماری در این مقاله شرح داده شده‌اند.
 
واژه‌های کلیدی: سرخشکیدگی، شانکر، Fusarium، Diaporthe، Armillaria
متن کامل [PDF 749 kb]   (163 دریافت)    
نوع مطالعه: ترویجی | موضوع مقاله: تخصصي

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