Volume 3, Issue 1 ((Spring and Summer) 2016)                   Iranian J. Seed Res. 2016, 3(1): 1-13 | Back to browse issues page

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Janalizadeh M, Nezami A, Khazaie H, Feizi H, Goldani M. Effect of Magnetic Fields on Seed Germination and Seedling Growth of Sesame (Sesamum indicum). Iranian J. Seed Res.. 2016; 3 (1) :1-13
URL: http://yujs.yu.ac.ir/jisr/article-1-99-en.html
in Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran , nezamiahmad@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (26872 Views)

Priming of seeds by magnetic fields (magneto priming) is proposed as an ecological, useful and low-priced method for improvement of seed germination and plant emergence. In order to evaluate the germination behavior of sesame seeds affected by magnetic fields, an experiment was conducted as a completely randomized design with 22 treatments (non-exposure to magnetic fields (control) and 21 magneto priming treatments) with three replications at the college of agriculture, the Ferdowsi University of Mashhad in 2014. the seed of sesame put into a plastic bag bulky and was treated with different intensity of magnetic fields (25, 50, 75 and 100 mT) for several times (10, 20, 30, 60 and 120 minutes). For assessment of germination traits of sesame under constant magnetic field conditions, magnetic tapes with three mT strength were used in each Petri dish throughout the experiment. Results showed that magnetic fields had no significant effects on final germination percentage and mean germination time and all magnetic treatments except for 75 mT at 60 minutes indicated reducing effects on germination percentage in comparison to control. Priming of seeds with magnetic fields in 50 mT strength for 20 minutes led to the increment of germination rate compared to control treatment but all levels of 100mT treatment caused a reduction in germination rate than control. The most radicle length, seedling length and seedling vigor length index belong to 75 mT at 60 minutes treatment and the most seedling dry weight and seedling vigor weight index related to 100 mT for 20 minutes treatment. Ranking of treatments showed that exposure of seeds for one hour in 75 mT and 10 minutes in 25 mT magnetic fields strength had the best outcomes.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2015/01/27 | Accepted: 2015/08/1

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