Volume 3, Issue 1 ((Spring and Summer) 2016)                   Iranian J. Seed Res. 2016, 3(1): 1-13 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Janalizadeh M, Nezami A, Khazaie H, Feizi H, Goldani M. Effect of Magnetic Fields on Seed Germination and Seedling Growth of Sesame (Sesamum indicum). Iranian J. Seed Res.. 2016; 3 (1) :1-13
URL: http://yujs.yu.ac.ir/jisr/article-1-99-en.html
in Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran , nezamiahmad@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (24026 Views)

Priming of seeds by magnetic fields (magneto priming) is proposed as an ecological, useful and low-priced method for improvement of seed germination and plant emergence. In order to evaluate the germination behavior of sesame seeds affected by magnetic fields, an experiment was conducted as a completely randomized design with 22 treatments (non-exposure to magnetic fields (control) and 21 magneto priming treatments) with three replications at the college of agriculture, the Ferdowsi University of Mashhad in 2014. the seed of sesame put into a plastic bag bulky and was treated with different intensity of magnetic fields (25, 50, 75 and 100 mT) for several times (10, 20, 30, 60 and 120 minutes). For assessment of germination traits of sesame under constant magnetic field conditions, magnetic tapes with three mT strength were used in each Petri dish throughout the experiment. Results showed that magnetic fields had no significant effects on final germination percentage and mean germination time and all magnetic treatments except for 75 mT at 60 minutes indicated reducing effects on germination percentage in comparison to control. Priming of seeds with magnetic fields in 50 mT strength for 20 minutes led to the increment of germination rate compared to control treatment but all levels of 100mT treatment caused a reduction in germination rate than control. The most radicle length, seedling length and seedling vigor length index belong to 75 mT at 60 minutes treatment and the most seedling dry weight and seedling vigor weight index related to 100 mT for 20 minutes treatment. Ranking of treatments showed that exposure of seeds for one hour in 75 mT and 10 minutes in 25 mT magnetic fields strength had the best outcomes.

Full-Text [PDF 375 kb]   (3609 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2015/01/27 | Accepted: 2015/08/1

References
1. Abdul-Baki, A.A., and Anderson, J.D. 1973. Vigour determination in soybean by multiple criteria. Crop Science, 13(6): 630-633. [DOI:10.2135/cropsci1973.0011183X001300060013x]
2. Afzal, I., Mukhtar, K. Qasim, M., Basra, S.M.A., Shahid, M., and Haq, Z. 2012. Magnetic stimulation of marigold seed. International Agrophysics, 26(4): 335-339. [DOI:10.2478/v10247-012-0047-1]
3. Ahmad, M., Galland, P., Ritz, T., Wiltschko, R., and Wiltschko, W. 2007. Magnetic intensity affects cryptochrome-controlled response in Arabidopsis thaliana. Planta, 225(3): 615-624. [DOI:10.1007/s00425-006-0383-0] [PMID]
4.  Alexander, M.P., and Doijode, S.D. 1995. Electromagnetic field, a novel tool to increase germination and seedling vigor of conserved onion (Allium cepa L.) and rice (Oryza sativa L.) seeds with low viability. Plant Genetic Resources Newsletter (IPGRI/FAO), 104: 1-5.
5.  Ashraf, M., and Foolad, R.M. 2005. Pre-sowing seed treatment-a shot gun approach to improve germination, plant growth and crop yield under saline and non-saline conditions. Advances In Agronomy, 88: 223-271. [DOI:10.1016/S0065-2113(05)88006-X]
6.  Basra, S.M.A., Ashraf, M., Iqbal, N., Khaliq, A., and Ahmad, R. 2004. Physiological and biochemical aspects of pre-sowing heat stress on cotton seed. Seed Science and Technology, 32(3): 765-774. [DOI:10.15258/sst.2004.32.3.12]
7. Belcher, E.W. 1975. Influence of substrate moisture level on the germination of seed of selected Pinus species. Seed Science and Technology, 3: 597-604.
8.  Bilalis, D.J., Katsenios, N., Efthimiadou, A., Karkanis, A., Khah, M.E., and Mitsis, T. 2013. Magnetic field pre-sowing treatment as an organic friendly technique to promote plant growth and chemical elements accumulation in early stages of cotton. Australian Journal of Crop Science, 7(1): 46-50.
9.  Cakmak, T., Dumlupinar, R., and Erdal, S. 2010. Acceleration of germination and early growth of wheat and bean seedlings grown under various magnetic field and osmotic conditions. Bioelectromagnetics, 31(2): 120-129. [PMID]
10. Dhawi, F., and Al-Khayri, J. 2009. Magnetic fields induce changes in photosynthetic pigments content in date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) seedlings. The Open Agriculture Journal, 3(1): 1-5. [DOI:10.2174/1874331500903010001]
11.  Dorna, H., Gorski, R., Szopinska, D., Tylkowska, K., Jurga, J., Wosinski, S., and Tomczak, M. 2010. Effect of a permanent magnetic field together with the shielding of an alternating electric field on carrot seed vigour and germination. Ecological Chemistry and Engineering, 17(1): 53-61.
12.  Fischer, G., Tausz, M., Kock, M., and Grill, D. 2004. Effects of weak 16 Hz magnetic fields on growth parameters of young sunflower and wheat seedlings. Bioelectromagnetics, 25(8): 638-641. [DOI:10.1002/bem.20058] [PMID]
13.  Foti, S., Cosentino, S.L. Patane, C., and Agosta, G.M.D. 2002. Effects of osmoconditioning upon seed germination of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) under low temperatures. Seed Science and Technology, 30(3): 521-533.
14. Galland, P., and Pazur, A. 2005. Magnetoreception in plants. Journal of Plant Research, 118(6): 371-389. [DOI:10.1007/s10265-005-0246-y] [PMID]
15. Iqbal, M., Haq, Z., Jamil, Y., and Ahmad. M.R. 2012. Effect of presowing magnetic treatment on properties of pea. International Agrophysics, 26(1): 25-31. [DOI:10.2478/v10247-012-0004-z]
16.  Isaac, E., Hernández, C., Domínguez, A., and Cruz, A. 2011. Effect of pre-sowing electromagnetic treatment on seed germination and seedling growth in maize (Zea mays L.). Agronomía Colombiana, 29(2): 213-220.
17.  ISTA. 2009. International Seed Testing Association Rules. Zurich, Switzerland. 47 p.
18.  Liboff, A.R., McLeod, B.R., and Smith, S.D. 1989. Rotating magnetic fields and iron cyclotron resonance. Journal of Bioelectronics, 8(1): 119-125.
19. Maguire, J.D. 1962. Speed of germination-aid in selection and evaluation for seedling emergence and vigor. Crop Science, 2(2): 176-177. [DOI:10.2135/cropsci1962.0011183X000200020033x]
20. Majd, A., and Shabrangi, A. 2009. Effect of seed pretreatment by magnetic fields on seed germination and ontogeny growth of agricultural plants. In the Proceeding of 2009 Electromagnetics Research Symposium, Beijing, China. 1137-1141.
21.  Martinez, E., Carbonell, M.V., Amaya J.M., and Maqueda, R. 2009. Germination of tomato seeds (Lycopersicon esculentum L.) under magnetic field. International Agrophysics, 23(1): 45-49.
22.  Matthews, S., and Khajeh-Hosseini, M. 2007. Length of the lag period of germination and metabolic repair explain vigor differences in seed lots of maize (Zea mays). Seed Science Technology, 35(1): 200-212. [DOI:10.15258/sst.2007.35.1.18]
23. Pang, X., and Deng, B. 2008. Investigation of changes in properties of water under the action of a magnetic field. Science in China Series G: Physics, Mechanics and Astronomy, 51(11): 1621-1632. [DOI:10.1007/s11433-008-0182-7]
24. Podlesny, J., Lenartowicz, W., and Sowinski, M. 2003. The effect of pre-sowing treatment of seeds magnetic biostimulation on morphological feature formation and white lupine yielding. Zeszyty Problemowe Postepow Nauk Rolniczych, 495: 399-406.
25. Podlesny, J., Pietruszewski, S., and Podlesna, A. 2005. Influence of magnetic stimulation of seeds on the formation of morphological features and yielding of the pea. International Agrophysics, 19(1): 61-68.
26. Reina, F.G., and Pascual, L.A. 2001. Influence of a stationary magnetic field on water relations in lettuce seeds. Part I: theoretical considerations, Bioelectromagnetics, 22: 589-595. https://doi.org/10.1002/bem.89 [DOI:10.1002/bem.88]
27. Samani, M.A., Pourakbar, L., and Azimi, N. 2013. Magnetic field effects on seed germination and activities of some enzymes in cumin. Life Science Journal-Acta Zhengzhou University Overseas Edition, 10(1): 323-328.
28. Tahir, N.A.R., and Karim, H.F.H. 2010. Impact of magnetic application on the parameters related to growth of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Jordan Journal of Biological Sciences, 3(4): 175-184.
29. Uzun, B., Ulger, S., and Cagirgan, M.I. 2002. Comparison of determinate and indeterminate types of sesame for oil content and fatty acid composition. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 26(5): 269-274.
30. Vashisth, A., and Nagarajan, S. 2008. Exposure of seeds to static magnetic field enhances germination and early growth characteristics in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Bioelectromagnetics, 29(7): 571-578. [DOI:10.1002/bem.20426] [PMID]
31.  Yaycili, O., and Alikamanoglu, S. 2005. The effect of magnetic field on Paulownia tissue cultures. Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture, 83(1): 109-114. [DOI:10.1007/s11240-005-4852-0]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


© 2021 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Iranian Journal of Seed Research

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.