Volume 10, Issue 2 ((Autumn & Winter) 2024)                   Iranian J. Seed Res. 2024, 10(2): 1-20 | Back to browse issues page


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Rezaei A, Ghaderi-Far F, Sadeghipour H R. (2024). Impacts of priming on germination and vigor of safflower (Carthamus tinctorius) seeds during artificial deterioration. Iranian J. Seed Res.. 10(2), : 1 doi:10.61186/yujs.10.2.1
URL: http://yujs.yu.ac.ir/jisr/article-1-576-en.html
Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources , farshidghaderifar@gau.ac.ir
Abstract:   (825 Views)
Extended Abstract
Introduction: Safflower seeds are rich in unsaturated fatty acids with a high capacity for peroxidation, which have a high potential to reduce germination and seed vigor during the storage period. Therefore, Introducing appropriate methods to preserve or improve their germplasm during storage would be advantageous. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of seed priming on germination and vigor of safflower seeds (Sofeh and Sina cultivars).
Materials and Methods: A three-factor experiment was conducted in a completely randomized design with three replications before and after artificial deterioration. The experimental factors included controlled deterioration of seeds at 45°C in six levels (no deterioration, 1, 2, 3, 4, and 6 days) and priming in four levels (no prime, hydropriming, salicylic acid 50 mg/l and sodium chloride 5 percent).
Results: Artificial aging strongly and linearly reduced the germination ability of safflower seeds, and germinability and seed vigor reach zero in a time interval which lasts between 2.5 to 4.5 days (depending on the treatment and the investigated trait). The use of priming prior to artificial aging was more advantageous than priming after artificial aging. In addition, priming with salicylic acid was more useful compared to other priming treatments.
Conclusion: Priming of safflower seeds before storage would result in the extended shelf-life of the stored seeds while also preserving the seed germination potential. 

Highlights:
  1. The effect of priming on germination and vigor of safflower seeds before and after artificial deterioration was compared and investigated.
  2. The effect of priming before and after artificial deterioration on the improvement of safflower seed quality varied in different cultivars.
Article number: 1
Full-Text [PDF 855 kb]   (132 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Seed Physiology
Received: 2023/02/8 | Revised: 2024/06/23 | Accepted: 2023/03/11 | ePublished: 2024/06/9

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