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Shina Soleymani, Zahra Tahmasebi, Ali Asherf Mehrabi, Homayoun Kanouni,
Volume 10, Issue 2 ((Spring and Summer) 2021)

Soleymani SH, Tahmasebi Z, Asherf Mehrabi A, Kanouni M (2021). Agronomic traits of twenty-one resistant, semi-resistant and susceptible chickpea genotypes to blight disease. Plant Pathology Science 10(2): 82-92.  Doi: 10.2982/PPS.10.2.82.
Introduction: Blight caused by Ascochyta rabiei is the most destructive disease of chickpea worldwide. Identification of agronomic and morphological properties of disease-resistant cultivars is necessary to set up a suitable chickpea breeding program. Materials and Methods: Twelve agronomic and morphological properties of 21 resistant, semi-resistant, and susceptible chickpea genotypes were investigated in a field experiment in a randomized complete block design with six replications in one agronomic year in western Iran. Results: All genotypes were divided into three main clusters based on the UPGMA dendrogram. The lowest yielding genotypes were located in cluster II and IDDMAR-2012-32 genotype was susceptible to disease and desi-type in this cluster. The genotypes with the highest yield were placed in cluster III, and the genotype Gebres 419-2 was resistant to the disease and the desi-type in this cluster. Among the Kabuli-type genotypes, ILC482 was included in cluster III as a high-yielding and semi-disease-resistant cultivar, and low-yielding FLIp-02-65C and FLIp-01-164C lines along with disease resistance were included in cluster I. Conclusion: Gebres 419-2 can be crossed with FLIp-02-65C or FLIp-01-164C to produce robust, high-yielding Kabuli chickpea varieties with large seeds.

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