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Showing 4 results for Bakhshi

Munes Bakhshi, Mehdi Arzanlou, Asadollah Babay-Ahari,
Volume 2, Issue 1 (3-2013)

Sexual reproduction of fungi is governed by the mating type (MAT) locus. Because two alternate forms (alleles) are completely dissimilar sequences and encoding different transcription factors, this locus is structurally unusual, yet they occupy the same chromosomal position. Genomic analyses facilitate the definition of MAT locus sequences in many species, so the knowledge of MAT locus structure and evolution has been significantly advanced in recent years. This important genomic feature has been studied most extensively in the largest phylum of the fungi, Ascomycota, which is the largest group of the plant pathogenic fungi. In this article we discuss the different aspects of mating type genes and their structure and organization in Ascomycota. Knowledge on the mating type genes may provide a great assistance to understanding the potential of phytopathogenic fungi for sexual cycle and consequently on genetic diversity in fungal populations. The proper data on sexual reproduction and genetic diversity of phytopathogenic fungi might be useful in different aspects of plant disease management.
Mounes Bakhshi,
Volume 7, Issue 1 (3-2018)

Bakhshi M. 2018. Important criteria for identification of the Cercospora species. Plant Pathology Science 7(1):1-14.

Species of the genus Cercospora are important plant pathogenic fungi with worldwide distribution. They are often associated with leaf spots, occurring on a wide range of hosts in almost all major families of dicots, most monocot families, and even some gymnosperms and ferns. Different characteristics, such as morphology, toxin production and host specificity were used to distinguish species. New research findings have shown that a polyphasic approach, combining morphological, ecological and phylogenetic species concepts, which are discussed in this article, proved the most effective method to distinguish species of the genus Cercospora. Accurate identification of these plant pathogens is the first step to adopt the appropriate management strategies for their disease control. Therefor, it is recommended that, in order to accurate identification of the species of the genus Cercospora, they should be studied and reviewed on the basis of these criteria.
Mounes Bakhshi,
Volume 8, Issue 1 (3-2019)

Bakhshi. M. 2019. A revision on the taxonomy of the genus Pseudocercospora. Plant Pathology Science 8(1):1-14. DOI: 10.2982/PPS.8.1.1.
 Pseudocercospora species are plant pathogenic fungi occurring on a wide range of herbaceous and woody plants. Since its early description of the genus, its taxonomy has always been challenging. In recent years, Multi-gene DNA sequence data have provided significant information on the accurate taxonomy of the genus Pseudocercospora. These data revealed that the species of Pseudocercospora are polyphyletic and evolved in more than one approach within family Mycosphaerellaceae, order Capnodiales, class Dothideomycetes, phylum Ascomycota. Also those species from different geographic regions but with the same morphology, symptomatology and host range, may reside in different phylogenetic clades. Accurate identification of the plant disease agent is the first step to adopt the appropriate management strategies of the diseases related to these plant pathogens. Key features of morphology and new genetic data for identifying the species of the genus are described in this article.

Meysam Bakhshi Ganje,
Volume 11, Issue 1 ((Autumn & Winter) 2022)

Bakhshi Ganje M (2022) Acute oak decline disease. Plant Pathology Science
 11(1):122-132.            Doi: 10.2982/PPS.11.1.122.

Acute oak decline with signs of canker and colored discharge on the trunks of old trees has been reported in northern Iran for the past two decades. Several bacteria of the order Enterobacterales, the family Pectobacteriaceae and the genus Brenneria were isolated and identified from diseased trees. Although oak possesses several genes whose products are responsible for plant resistance to fungal pathogens, bio-trophic pathogens, hemibiotrophic pathogens, and water stress, it does not show resistance to these necrotrophic pathogenic bacteria. The mechanism of the occurrence and epidemic of acute oak decay is the predisposition of trees to successive droughts, the outbreak of some pests, and the relatively low rate of development of oak defense genes against the high rate of evolution of pathogenic genes of necrotrophic bacteria such as Brenneria species. Due to the many climate changes in recent years, there may be an epidemic of the disease in the forests of other parts of the country in the future. This article describes research into the disease to pave the way for an appropriate method of disease management.

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