[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
Main Menu
Home::
Journal Information::
Articles archive::
For Authors::
For Reviewers::
Registration::
Contact us::
Site Facilities::
::
Search in website

Advanced Search
..
Receive site information
Enter your Email in the following box to receive the site news and information.
..
Open Access Journal

AWT IMAGE

..

Search published articles


Showing 21 results for Natural Resources

Javad Eshaghi Rad,
Volume 1, Issue 1 (9-2014)
Abstract

Paulownia species, which are fast-growing endemic species in China and Japan, have been used for establishing green space and park and inter-cropping with many kinds of crops in many countries. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of irrigation on one-year Paulownia tomentosa seedlings in the climatic and edaphic condition of West Azarbayjan, Iran. Random factorial experimental design was applied with 3 irrigation levels (5, 10 and 15 liter) and 2 irrigation period treatments (3 and 6 days) with 10 replicates. Seedling’s height increment was measured at the end of each month during the growth season. The maximum height growth of Paulownia tomentosa in different treatments was observed in the first month and the seedling height was not considerably raised during the upcoming months. The seedlings of the treatment which were irrigated with 5 liters and with 6 days interval were dried and the seedlings of the treatment with 5 liters irrigation and with 3 days interval had the minimum mean of total height (8.7cm) in comparing with other treatments (10.9-11.8cm). Furthermore, with increasing the irrigation amount and decreasing the irrigation interval, the seedling’s height growth was not altered significantly. Therefore we concluded that the best irrigation regime for suitable height growth of one-year Paulownia tomentosawas with 10 liters irrigation and with 6 days interval, for decreasing the cost and water consumption.
Maryam Sisakht Nejad , Roghayeh Zolfaghari ,
Volume 1, Issue 2 (3-2015)
Abstract

Drought is the major environmental stresses that it can have a negative impact on plant growth. The study of gas exchange under drought stress can help to identify factors affecting stress resistant. Due to this fact that Zagros forests has Mediterranean and dry climate, with the aim of this study was to assess the impact of drought on leaf gas exchange in two oak species (Quercus brantii and Quercus libani). Water stress consisted of four levels of water stress (100%, 70%, 50% and 30% FC) in the greenhouse situations. Those seedlings were intended for water stress weren’t irrigated to reach to the desired field capacity (70%, 50% and 30% of field capacity), but control seedlings were irrigated every day in order to soil water content at field capacity shall be kept 100%. Results showed that water stress treatment has a significant reduction of stomatal conductance, photosynthesis, conduct mesophilic, carbon dioxide emission, and transpiration. Also Quercus libani showed higher level of photosynthesis, water use efficiency and transpiration than Quercus branti. Overall, results in both species, showed stomatal and non-stomatal limitation would cause of photosynthesis reduction. Also, due to higher water efficiency and lower gas parameter variations, Quercus libani would gain better mechanism of waster stress and Quercus brantii would gain the use drought avoidance mechanism.
Shaieste Gholami, Ehsan Sayad, Hanie Shahghobadi,
Volume 1, Issue 2 (3-2015)
Abstract

One of the main factors affecting sustainable management in the forest ecosystem is the biodiversity conservation. For achieving this purpose, we need to estimate and determine the biodiversity. The efficiency of sampling depends to some extent on plot size in a study. Therefore, a study was conducted in the Zagros forest (Baniloan, Javanrood, Kermanshah) to assess the effect of plot size on the abundance and diversity of tree species. We measured the diversity indices e.g. (Shannon H), richness (Minhinick) and evenness (Sheldon) in our data. These indices were analyzed at 270 sampling points along 3 parallel transects which ran perpendicular to the slope. The distances between transects was 500 m. Each transect comprised 30 sampling points with 3 different sizes of plots (10m×10m-20m×20m and 30m×30m plots). Abundance and diversity of tree species, richness and evenness analyzed by ANOVA and Duncan. The results showed that abundance and diversity increased significantly by increasing the size of the plots. The maximum diversity was seen in 900m2 plot size. At 400 m2 plot, richness was higher than two other plot size. But evenness was not significantly affected by plot size.
Fatemeh Aliyari, Mehrdad Zarafshar, Ali Soltani,
Volume 1, Issue 2 (3-2015)
Abstract

Accessing to the data that could increase our knowledge associated with the response of seed to moisture content and temperature, is very important on exact time of planting decisions making. In this study Hydro-thermal-time modeling of Platycladus orientalis germination, one of the most planted trees in Iran forests, by applying 5 levels of water stress (0.-0.5, -1, -1.5, -2 MPa) and temperature treatments (10, 15, 20, 25, 30 ° C) was performed. The results showed that the optimum temperature (To) for germination is 23.12° C and basic temperature (Tb) for germination is 8.18 ° C. Meanwhile amount of the hydrotime constant (θH) for this species is 0.45. The outcomes indicated that the reduction in water potential and temperature germination is linearly reduced. Interaction of temperature and water potential factors affected significantly on time and percent germination value. A Hydro-thermal-time model was introduced for Platycladus orientalis L. in which its constant value was 105.1 MPa°C.d.
Yaser Mohammadi, Vahid Etemad,
Volume 2, Issue 1 (9-2015)
Abstract

Rural households’ involvement in forest conservation and reforestation depends on their perception towards forest perceived benefit which is attributed to demographic characteristics of the households head. In order to test this hypothesis, a study was run on rural households surrounded by Chahartagh forest reserve (N=600) which its livelihood was based on forest resources. About 196 rural households were determined as the research sample using Cochran’s formula through Simple random sampling procedure. Also, a researcher-designed questionnaire was used to collect data which its content validity confirmed by expert opinions and its reliability confirmed by Cronbach alpha coefficient. Collected data were analyzed by two software of IBMSPSS21 and LISREL8.5. The results showed that rural households’ perceptions towards forest are directly related to benefits they perceived from the forest. Perceptions towards forest benefits was summarized into three categories of perceptions towards forest economic, environmental and social benefits which economic benefit was recognized as the most important benefit perceived by respondents. From rural households’ perspective, the income gained from timber and non-timber products were the most important economic benefits of forests. Structural equation modeling results also revealed that rural household’ perception towards forest benefits differ among rural households according to their demographic characteristics. It observed that the younger, higher literacy level, had the higher income level and also, they had the more positive perception toward forest benefit. Also, each household’s head that was member of rural local institutions, had a corporation with NGOs and had participation into active groups to conserve forests had more positively perceived forest benefits.


Hassan Pourbabaei, Rasoul Cheraghi, Sepide Sadat Ebrahimi,
Volume 2, Issue 1 (9-2015)
Abstract

This study was conducted to investigate the effect of aspect on woody species structure and diversity in the Persian oak (Quercus brantii Lindl.) site, Dashtak area, Kohkiloye and Boyer Ahamd province in western Iran. Measurements were carried out in 3 elevation classes range from 2200 m to 2400 m a.s.l. Then, three sampling plots with area of 2500- m2 were selected in each elevation class. In total, five tree species, including Quercus brantii, Crataegusdavisii, Pistacia atlantica. Subsp. mutica, Lonicera nummulariifolia and Amygdalus communisand three shrub species such as Cerasus microcarpa, Amygdalus orientalis and Daphne mucronata were identified in the study area. In regeneration and tree layers the sum of basal area and average of regeneration's density was higher in southwestern aspect and belonged to Quercus brantii. The results of diversity indices in the tree layer indicated that the average of H (Shannon-Wiener index), Evar (Smith-Wilson index) and species richness were higher in southwestern aspect than in the northeastern aspects. In addition, the values of all diversity, evenness and richness indices were significantly higher in southwestern aspect the in shrub and regeneration layers. In general, the results indicated that the diversity indices increased under favorable conditions of ecological, environmental and structural factors. Furthermore, livestock access and exploitation of local people should be restricted off, providing favorable conditions in order to increase the diversity of species.


Abouzar Heidari Safari Kouch, Freshteh Moradian Fard, Azita Eskandari, Teimour Rostami Shahraji,
Volume 2, Issue 1 (9-2015)
Abstract

Persian oak (Quercus brantii Lindl.) has a wide distribution in central Zagros forests and it is the prevalent species in this region. Considering the high volume of demolition and the importance of safekeeping of this jungle, investigation and knowing the structure and the situation of this forest from the qunatitative and qualitative aspects is necessary. This study accomplished to investigate the condition of the Iranian oaks (Quercus brantii Lindl.) forests from the qunatitativeand qualitative aspects of Bazoft district of Kouhrang township of Chahar Mahal and Bakhtiaris province. In this respect, 60 numbers of plots with 400 meter distance  in a randomize systematic method established in the area. Then in the studding plots the quantitativecharacteristics of trees like: dbh, trees high, crown diameter measured and some characteristics like canopy percent and firewoods were estimated and registered. Also qunatitative marks from 1 to 4 were given to the trees and they were recorded and data were analyzed. The results shown that the jungle wasa non- coeval and it was sparse forest. Also, 81% of the region had 0-25% coverage. The most density and firewood volume was observedin northeast direction. Also,75% of the trees were inthe proper degrees of Succulence. The results of this study showed the average and a suitable situation of study area stands in comparison to the other regions of central Zagros forests.

<


Negin Behnia, Sayed Yousef Erfanifard, Sayed Rashid Fallah Shamsi, Sayed Aliakbar Moosavi,
Volume 2, Issue 2 (3-2016)
Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess the efficiency of cokriging method in comparing to kriging to map biophysical properties of wild pistachio trees in Zagros forests. A 45 ha stand, covered with wild pistachio trees was chosen in FiroozAbad wild pistachio research site in Fars province. 87 circular plates with 800 m2 area were selected based on a 72 × 72 m2 grid. Biophysical properties (height, diameter at breast height, trees per ha, and canopy cover percent) of all wild pistachio trees were measured in each plot. Kriging and cokriging methods were then used to map each biophysical property. The results showed that mean error and root mean squared error of height, diameter at breast height, and trees per ha of cokriging method were less than kriging method. The regression coefficients of height, diameter at breast height, and trees per ha of cokriging method were also greater than the kriging method that showed the efficiency of the cokriging method in the improvement of estimation of trees’ biophysical properties. The amount of root mean squared error and regression coefficient were slightly better for canopy cover percent in kriging, though, they were not significant. In general, it was concluded that the maps of biophysical properties can be obtained with suitable accuracy and precision using Cokriging method.


Ahmad Yaghoubi Farani, Marjan Sepahpanah, Farshad Parmozeh,
Volume 2, Issue 2 (3-2016)
Abstract

The purpose of this study was to identify the barriers of local peoples' participation in forest conservation plans. The research population included 240 Local rural households in Gilan – e – Gharb, Kermanshah. A number of 144 people were randomly selected using Morgan's sampling size table. A questionnaire was used as a main tool in this study. The content and face validity of the questionnaire was verified by a panel of experts. The reliability of the questionnaire estimated by Cranach's alpha coefficient (0.737). Factor analysis was used for finding the most important barriers. Four key factors were identified as the most important barriers in people participation programs in forest conservation plans. These factors were socio-cultural, economic, organizational and educational barriers. 


Zeinab Javanmard, Masoud Tabari Kouchak Saraei, Fatemeh Ahmadloo,
Volume 2, Issue 2 (3-2016)
Abstract

In order to study the effect of storage temperature and hormonal concentration on stored seed germination and early growth of Pinus nigra var. caramanica, an experiment including 3 factors in the context of Complete Randomized Design (CRD) with 3 replications was carried out. The seeds were stored for three years at two temperature conditions (refrigerator temperature 4 ºC and room temperature 20-25 ºC). In this way, the seeds were soaked in gibberellin acid (GA3) and benzyl amino purine (BAP) at concentrations of 0, 50, 100, and 200 mg l-1 for 24 h and kept out in germinator (20 °C) for 40 days. In general, both hormonal solutions improved germination traits. The highest germination percentage, germination rate, germination energy, seedling length, seedling dry weight, and vigor index were obtained in refrigerator temperature and at concentrations of 200 mg l-1 GA3 and 50 mg l-1 BAP, and in room temperature at 200 mg l-1 BAP and 50 mg l-1 GA3. It is recommended that in nurseries of semi-arid and semi-humid regions, in the absence of refrigerator, the seeds of P. nigra var. caramanica would be better to store in the room temperature for three years.

Sabrieh Moradi , Roghayeh Zolfaghari ,
Volume 2, Issue 2 (3-2016)
Abstract

Morphological characteristics of individuals are due to hereditary and environmental factors. Regarding to the importance of leaf morphology in systematics investigations and bearing up the effects of environmental variations, especially altitudinal variations on these traits, the differentiation feasibility of brant oak in a restricted altitudinal gradient is investigated. A total number of 400 leaves from 40 individual ramets in Armarde, in an altitudinal ranges from 1580 to 1844 meters above sea level were sampled and 29 quantitative and qualitative traits were measured. The results revealed that the number of teeth and the shape of leaf at lower altitudes are lesser than higher altitudes. Also, leaf base angle has a negative and significant correlation with the altitude. In two altitudinal classes, the shape of leaf tip and the angle of midrib and vein, showed the lowest plasticity and coefficient of variation with respect to environmental conditions. Ramets were classified in three different classes based on cluster analysis and the separator traits were the maximum leaf width, leaf area and sinusoidal angle. Considering the fact that the separator traits would not showed any significant association with altitude,  it seems that some variations might be likely due to physiological response of leaves to environmental variations. However, it's more likely that the occurrence of inter and intra specific hybridization between brant´s oak species would culminated in separation of the individuals.


Ahmad Hossieni , Syyed Mohsen Hossieni ,
Volume 3, Issue 1 (9-2016)
Abstract

Oak decline is a complex phenomenon that oak forests are faced with it across the world and Iran. Shalam forested area located in north of Ilam province was selectedto determine the role of topographicand some edaphic factors in tree mortality happened in Persian oak forests. The study region was divided into 20 homogeneous topographic units. Within each homogeneousunit,three 0.1-haplots  were randomly-systematically established for measuring the rate of tree mortality and oneprofile was prepared for characterization ofsome  physical and chemical soil characteristics (texture, moisture content, TNV%, OC% and N for each soil layer, and soil depth). In each plot,diameter at breast height (DBH), maximum and minimum crown diameters, crown dieback percent, origination and form of trees and shrubs for all species and site variables weremeasured. Results showed that 15.7% of forest stock had reduced while 97.65% of it belonged to Persian oak species. The results of multiple linear regression and RDA showed that tree mortality was significantly affected by elevation and aspect, but not by slope. The highestrate of tree mortality was observedin high elevation and south and west aspects. Also the results of multiple linear regression and RDA showed that tree mortality was significantly affected by soil depth and texture. So, the highestrate of tree mortality was observed in soils with less depth, less sand% and more silt%. It was concluded that topography and soil have effective role in tree mortality and its expansion across Zagros forests. Identifying the critical conditions in terms of topography and soil in these forests can help and be useful in the management of tree dieback.


Anahita Rashtian, Afagh Tabandeh Saravi, Somaya Naseh Dehabanda,
Volume 3, Issue 1 (9-2016)
Abstract

Salinity is one of environmental stresses in the world and especially in arid lands and desert that reduces production of plants and it is important to choose salt-resistant plants in all life stages, especially germination. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of seed source (provenance (on germination and morphological traits of Amygdalus elaegnifolia saplings undersalt stress. The experiment was carried out as factorial in completely randomized design  withthree replicates. Seed source (FereydonShahr, Kazeron and Semirom) and salinity treatment withfour levels (0, 1.5, 3 and 5 dSm-1) using NaCl were considered as first and  second factors, respectively. The measured variables were germination percentage, germination rate, vigor index, shoot length, radicle length, shoot wet weight, radicle wet weight, shoot dry weight, radicle dry weight, total leaf number, and radicle length/shoot length. The results of analysis of variance and mean comparison showed that salinity made significant differences in most of the investigated traits of Amygdalus elaegnifolia. In the control treatment of salinity, significant differences were found among the studied seed sources but the effect of seed sources was not significant in the other levels of salinity. In general, Fereydunshahr was the best of all studied provenances in non-saline conditions (control treatment).  


Vahid Mirzaei Zadeh, Maryam Niknejad, Mehdi Haydari,
Volume 3, Issue 1 (9-2016)
Abstract

The importance of vegetation as a dynamic factor affecting the biological conditions requires that a detailed qualitative and quantitative information about its changes be prepared in short intervals. In this study, in order to monitor and predict vegetation density in Venet watershed in Ilam province the Normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) and Landsat images from 1988 and 2007 was used and vegetation density maps in three classes without canopy cover, thinned and dense canopy covers were prepared. Comparing the extent of vegetation density classes indicated that the extent of bare soil areas have increased as 1158/837 hectares while the extent of thinned and dense canopy covers 360/8277 and 797/9544 hectares respectively has been reduced. Assessing changes in vegetation density showed that from the classes with thinned and dense canopy covers as 1233/4828 and 210/4539 ha respectively have become no vegetation cover class. Also as 246 /2742 and 38 /8255 hectares of the bare soil areas have been converted to thinned and dense canopy cover classes respectively. Using Markov models and automated cells to predict changes in vegetation density showed that the highest and lowest probability of transition to no vegetation cover lands has been seen respectively in thinned (0.5059) and dense canopy cover (0.1023) lands. Finally, assuming a continuation of current trends, watershed vegetation density map of the target for 2020 was forecast. This map shows in the near future the land without vegetation cover will devote itself about 87 percent of this region.


Seyyed Majed Hesami, Saeiid Davazdahemami,
Volume 3, Issue 1 (9-2016)
Abstract

Phenology studies can be appliedin sustainable management, protection, rehabilitation, development, and utilization of forest resources. In this study, the phenology of  Persian oak was investigated in three forested areas of Mamasani, Dasht-e-Arjan and Kamfirouz with 2300 m,2100 m,1800 m altitude, respectively in south –west and north of Fars province, Iran. In each area, ninetrees were visited repeatedlyat different times in different seasons during 5 years (1998-2002) and the observed characteristics were recorded. The results showed the stages of growth were completely different at the threementioned areas. The shoots sprouted up in the second week of March to the first week of April. The full leaf formation happened in the second week of April to the fourth week of April. The early flowers appeared in the second week of March to the fourth week April. Pollination occurred in the third week of March to the third week in April. The leaves began to fall in the fourth week of October to the fourth week of December. So characteristics of phenology in Persian oak were affected by climate and environmental factors.


Asghar Mosleh Arani, Mohamad Hossein Molakhalili, Bahman Kiani,
Volume 3, Issue 1 (9-2016)
Abstract

To investigate some effective causes of beetle attack to Amygdalus scoparia in Bagh Shadi Harat, Yazd 80 sampling plots were randomly selected. In each plot number of infected tree, percent of dryness for each tree, height, diameter at root collar and crown diameter of each tree, elevation, slope and aspect of each plot were measured or recorded. Results showed that beetle infection were positively correlated to dryness of Amygdalus scoparia, Loranthus Grewinkii and negatively to tree sprouting. Beetle infection were also positively correlated to density of Amygdalus scoparia, density and coverage of accompany species, number of dried Amygdalus scoparia and negatively to percentage of slop. It is concluded that beetles prefer habitat with denser and more coverage population of Amygdalus scoparia in flat area and on trees with less sprouting. Since the study area is an important conserved place in Yazd province, research to control the pest can be very important. Elimination of effected and old trees may limit growth of pests in this area.


Masoud Nejabat, Mohammadreza Negahdarsaber,
Volume 3, Issue 2 (3-2017)
Abstract

Background and objectives: Familiarity with the appropriate soil conditions for Pistacia atlantica leads to improve and develop forest vegetation cover in Zagros zone. The main aim of this research was investigate suitable soil characteristics ranges for natural growth of this species in Fars province.
Materials and Methods: Field studies and soil sampling was done based on network sampling (20×20 km grid) in wild pistachio forests of Fars province with crucified pattern. The filed study showed mountain and hilly land are the main land types that pistachio species have placed on them. These land types include the displacement of rock, stone and gravel as high and low soil depth with moderate to severe water erosion.
Results: Main physical and chemical properties measurement of soil samples showed that the only limiting growth factor has been the low soil depth. The low effective soil depth and light soil texture are the most important limiting factor on soil moisture storage ability (from rain). This deficiency, transition from drought or very dry periods (resulting from an undesirable distribution of rain) makes it difficult. Statistical analysis methods based on principal component analysis (PCA) and cluster analysis (CA) shows that wide ranges in soil characters, even up to about 40% differentiation in the measured properties do not make restrictions for pistachio Natural growth. Ecologically, Pistacia atlantica is a drought-tolerant plant. Wild pistachio (Pistacia atlantica) is one of the high resistance species in wide range of soil condition (soil characteristics) and this feature (desirable survival) make it favorite for Zagros forest rehabilitation.
Conclusion: Land and grazing management (land use planning), along with watershed management practices can conserve and improve soil and environment of wild pistachio habitats of the Zagros forests.

Dr Farhad Ghasemi Aghbash, Sara Falahi,
Volume 3, Issue 2 (3-2017)
Abstract

Background and objectives: The recent movements opposing deforestation are indicative of the fact that in most programs carried out, less attention has been paid to the socio-economic status of the local people. In extensive deforestation, rural communities play a significant role. Therefore, this study examines the role of economic and social factors in the destruction of the forests of the Oulad Ghobad regions.
Materials and methods: This research was carried out as a field study, using a questionnaire. The population comprised 398 families living on the outskirts of the Saman-e Orfi Forest in the Oulad Ghobad region. Out of this population, 150 families were randomly chosen, using Cochran’s sample size formula. Furthermore, 40 questionnaires were distributed among the officers of Lorestan Natural Resources Office. The validity and reliability of the questionnaire established by a pre-test and Cronbach's alpha were 0.83 for local people and 0.705 for officers, respectively.
Results: The findings showed that from the viewpoints of both officers and local people, human factors (such as lack of agricultural lands, conversion of forests into agricultural lands by forest dwellers, poverty and and low income, and high unemployment rate) contribute more to deforestation, compared to natural factors (such as drought and forest fire). As for prioritizing human and natural factors contributing to deforestation, the results showed that according to local people, lack of agricultural lands (mean rank of 7.58), and according to officers, conversion of forests to agricultural lands by foresters (mean rank of 11.25) were the main contributing factors. In addition, the results showed that there was a significant negative relationship between income and the factors contributing to deforestation (P <0.001).
Conclusion: In general, the results showed that human factors have a significant effect on the deforestation of the Oulad Ghobad region of Koohdasht and  the role of human factors is more conspicuous compared to natural factors.
 
Ahmad Hosseini, Seyed Mohsen Hosseini,
Volume 3, Issue 2 (3-2017)
Abstract

Background and objectives: Understanding the spatial pattern of tree species in their social life could have many applications from the standpoint of ecology and applied silviculture for their optimal management. For the purpose of studying the spatial pattern of Quercus brantii and Pistacia atlantica in relation to stand form and topographic factors, we selected the Manesht forested area in northern Ilam.
Materials and methods: In this research, 75 sample plots (with 2000 m2 area) were chosen, using systematic random sampling method within the study area. The variables in the plots comprised the number of tree species and topographic factors. The dispersion indices of interest included Morisita, Sstandard Morisita, Green, Lioyd and variance to mean ratio. The calculation of quantitative indices, by running the relevant computational formulas, was performed by Ecological Methodology Software. In addition, in terms of accuracy, the efficiency of quantitative indices was studied and compared. Statistical analysis of data was carried out using SPSS Software.
Results: The results showed that, for Q. brantii, the values of variance to mean ratio, Morisita and Lioyd indices and for P. atlantica, the values of Morisita, Green and Lioyd were higher in standard and coppice stands than the coppice and standard stands. For both species of Q. brantii and P. atlantica, all of the indices in question increased with increasing elevation, and the highest values of indices were obtained in 2100-2300 m a.s.l. For Q. brantii, the values of all of the indices increased with increasing slope, and the highest value was obtained in the slope class more than 60%. Moreover, for P. atlantica, the highest values of all indices were obtained in the slope class of 30-60%. The spatial pattern in classes of 0-30% and 30-60% was clumped and in more than 60%, it was regular. For Q. brantii, the values of all indices and for P. atlantica, the values of Morisita and Lioyd were the highest in the southern direction. The results of the precision study of the indices showed that for Q. brantii, the indices of Morisita and Standard Morisita and for P. atlantica, indices of Standard Morisita and Green had the highest precision.
Conclusion: It was concluded that the value of dispersion indices (especially more accurate indices) varies by environmental factors and thus changes in values could be used in forest dynamic studies and the interpretation of changes in forests.

Morteza Rooki , Masoud Tabari Kouchaksaraei , Seyed Ehsan Sadati ,
Volume 3, Issue 2 (3-2017)
Abstract

Background and objectives: Mediterranean Cypress (Cupressus sempervirens var. fastigiata) is a native, evergreen species. Due to its various merits, particularly its wide use in parks and urban green spaces, it is of interest in most climatic regions of Iran, including Zagros provinces. Due to the poverty of soil and limitation in water sources, the production of seedlings of this species has become particularly problematic in some of these regions. By using rhizobacteria Pseudomonas fluorescens inoculation in soil, for the first time, the present study aims to determine the resistance and variations of growth characteristics of seedlings under water deficit conditions.
Materials and methods: The experiment was conducted as a factorial, using a completely randomized design with two treatments (i.e., with rhizobacteria and without rhizobacteria), different watering levels (3, 6, 9 and 12 days) in three replicates. After 5 months, growth characteristics of seedlings were measured.
Results: Increasing the watering period (water deficit) caused to significantly decrease the survival, diameter, shoot biomass and total biomass, so that all seedlings were died under 12-day watering level. In watering period of 9 days, survival was reduced to 49.83 percent. There was no significant difference in collar diameter, root length, root volume and root/shoot biomass with water deficit intensity. However, the survival rate, height growth, shoot biomass, root biomass, total biomass and seedling quality index were greater in seedlings inoculated with rhizobacteria, compared with those of non-inoculated seedlings.
Conclusion: The seedlings of Mediterranean Cypress inoculated with Pseudomonas fluorescens rhizobacteria are able to tolerate the water deficit stress and increase their growth performance; however, under optimal conditions, the rhizobacteria inoculation has no positive effect on survival rate of the seedlings.
 

Page 1 from 2    
First
Previous
1
 

تحقیقات جنگلهای زاگرس Zagros Forests Research
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.08 seconds with 48 queries by YEKTAWEB 4050