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Showing 5 results for Oil Percent
Razieh Hedayatpour, Mohsen Movahhedi Dehnavi, Hamidreza Khademhamzeh, Seyede Maryam Morshedi,
Volume 1, Issue 1 (9-2014)
In order to study the effect of foliar application of zinc and iron on yield quantity and quality of canola (Brassica napus cv. Talaye) an experiment was conducted in Zarghan region of Fars in 2008- 2009 crop season. Iron and zinc solutions were sprayed twice (first in stem elongation and then in early flowering) treatments, including concentration of zinc sulfate in three levels: (0, 2, 4 gr lit-1) and Iron sulfate in three levels: (0, 2, 4 gr lit-1). This experiment was arranged as factorial using randomized complete block design in four replications. Significant interaction between zinc and iron foliar application was observed for grain yield, seed protein percentage and oil yield. Maximum grain yield (4905.3 kg ha-1), Seed protein percentage (37.7%) and oil yield (2124.5 kg ha-1) was obtained from foliar application of combined zinc and iron at 4 g lit-1. Increasing of zinc from 0 to 4 gr lit-1 significantly increased 1000 seed weight (from 4.24 to 4.69 gr), number of seed per pod (from 19.12 to 22.88), seed oil percentage (from 38.67 to 43.17) and seed zinc concentration (from 33.28 to 22.07 mg kg-1). Increasing iron from 0 to 4 gr lit-1 significantly increased 1000 seed weight (from 4.24 to 4.64 gr) and seed iron concentration (from 64.29 to 79.18 mg kg-1). Finally, with respect to this research, foliar application of zinc and iron sulfate together and twice, at 4 g lit-1 was suggested to get more quantity and quality of canola (Talaye) in Zarghan.
Ali Nakhzari Moghaddam, Sakineh Ghaffari, Ali Rahemi Karizaki, Mohammad Salahi Farahi,
Volume 2, Issue 2 (3-2016)
In order to study the effect of sulfur and Thiobacillus on some qualitative and quantitative traits of sunflower (cv. Hisun 25), an experiment was conducted as factorial based on Randomized Complete Block Design with three replications on research farm of the Gonbad Kavous University in 2013. The sulfur rate factor was in four levels: 0, 200, 400 and 600 kg sulfur per hectare and Thiobacillus bacteria factor was in four levels: 0, 10, 20 and 30 kg Thiobacillus per hectare. Results showed that the sulfur had a significant effect on plant height, 1000-seed weight and seed yield at 5% and on plant dry weight, oil percentage and oil yield at 1% probability. Effect of Thiobacillus on 1000-seed weight and seed yield at 5% and on plant height, plant dry weight, oil percentage and oil yield at 1% was significant. The maximum values of all traits were obtained from the highest amounts of sulfur and Thiobacillus. The highest plant height, 1000-seed weight, plant dry weight, seed yield, oil percentage and oil yield obtained from consumption of 600 kg S/ha. The maximum plant height, 1000-seed weight, plant dry weight, seed yield, oil percentage and oil yield belonged to consumption of 30 kg Thiobacillus/ha. The results of this study showed that effect of sulfur and Thiobacillus on some morphological traits, seed yield and yield components was less than percentage and yield of oil. This maybe has happened because of the sulfur role in oil production.
Mohammad Salahi Farahi, Faramarz Sayyedi,
Volume 2, Issue 2 (3-2016)
In order to study the effects of different levels of sulfur along with Thiobacillus and zinc on qualitative and quantitative growth of canola cv RGS003, a factorial experiment was conducted based on an RCBD with three replications at the Agricultural Research Station of Gonbad in 2013. The first factor was the application of sulfur with Thiobacillus at four levels, i.e. without sulfur and Thiobacillus (S0), 500 kg sulfur ha-1 + 10 kg Thiobacillus ha-1 (S1), 1000 kg sulfur ha-1 + 20 kg Thiobacillus ha-1 (S2) and 2000 kg sulfur ha-1 + 40 kg Thiobacillus ha-1 (S2). The second factor consisted of two levels of zinc: without zinc (control) and 20 kg zinc sulfate ha-1. The results showed that all traits studied were significantly affected by sulfur with the exception of pod length. The effect of zinc was significant at 0.01 probability level of biological yield, seed yield, harvest index, straw yield, oil percent and oil yield. With an increase in application of sulfur mixed with Thiobacillus up to 1000 kg sulfur ha-1 + 20 kg Thiobacillus ha-1 (S2), all yield components increased except oil percent, but their further increase resulted in reduction of seed yield and yield components of canola cv RGS003. With the exception of oil content, the other traits studied were not affected by the interaction of sulfur by zinc.
Sanaz Heydari, Mohsen Movahhedi Dehnavi, Alireza Yadavi,
Volume 3, Issue 1 (9-2016)
Sesame is an oily and medicinal seeds adapted to tropic and semi-tropic regions of the world but cultivation of its new accessions has been developed in temperate regions. To evaluate the effect of plant density on growth indices, seed oil percentage and seed yield of three sesame genotypes, an experiment was conducted as factorial based on a randomized complete block design with three replications in 2014, in Rostam region, Fars, Iran. First factor was planted density at five levels (15, 25, 35, 45 and 55 plant m-2) and the second factor was three sesame genotypes (Nurabad, Borazjan and Darab 14). The result showed that maximum and minimum LAI was achieved from Nurabad and Darab 14 and also from 15 and 55 plant m-2, respectively. Growth indices analyzing showed that Nurabad was better than the two genotypes. Maximum CGR ranged from 1.96-2.62 g m-2 GDD-1. Nurabad and Borazjan had the maximum RGR at the beginning of the growing season. Plant density decreased oil percentage and Borazjan had the maximum seed oil percentage. Generally, regards to the results, Nurabad with 55 plant m-2 density performed better than other genotypes in Rostam region. Borazjan in 55 plant m-2 density can be a good alternative for Nurabad.
Volume 3, Issue 1 (9-2016)
In order to evaluate the effects of zinc foliar application, Rhizobium inculation and phosphorus solublizing bacteria on soybean cv. Katul an experiment was carried out as a factorial arrangement, in an RCBD with three replications at Deland (Golestan province) in 2015. The factors comprised of zinc spraying at three levels (without spraying, 1.5 and 3 g L-1 zinc sulfate), inoculation with R. japanicum at two levels (with and without inoculation), and inoculated with phosphorus solublizing bacteria at two levels (with and without inoculation). The results revealed that the effects of phosphor solublizing bacteria were significant for plant height, stem diameter, number lateral branches, pod length, number of seeds per pod, number of pods per plant, 1000 seed weight, grain yield and oil per cent. Seed inoculation with Rhizobium significantly affected all trails studied with the exception of protein content and pod length, Zinc significantly affected grain yield, oil and protein content. The seed yield of psb treatment had significantly higher yield (2954 kg/ha) compared to seed yield (2752 kg/ha) of non-incolation. Also, spraying with zinc at 3g/li had significantly higher yield (2990 kg/ha) than that of without sprying yield (2648 kg/ha).