Search published articles
Showing 5 results for Harvest Index
Marefat Mostafavi Rad, Esmaeil Jadidi, Taghi Babaei, Mohammad Hossein Ansari,
Volume 2, Issue 1 (9-2015)
Deficiency of soil nutrient elements is one of the most important restricting factors of crop production. Hence, management of nutrition is necessary for optimizing of plant growth, yield increment and sustainability of crop production. In order to evaluate growth stages and some quantitative indices in winter rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) cultivars as affected by micronutrient fertilizers, a field experiment was performed in 2010-2011 cropping seasons as a split plot arranged in randomized complete block design with three replications in Arak, Iran. Eight micronutrient fertilizers (Zero as control, Fe, Zn, Mn, Fe + Zn, Fe + Mn, Zn + Mn, Fe + Zn + Mn) and four rapeseed cultivars (Zarfam, Okapi, Modena and Licord) were randomized in main plots and subplots, respectively. The result showed that, Okapi cultivar had the highest grain yield under no fertilization treatment (4194 kg/ha) and Zn + Mn (4011 kg/ha) treatments, respectively. Licord cultivar produced the highest grain yield (3998 kg/ha) at Mn treatment, but there were no significant differences between fertilizer levels. Okapi variety showed the highest biological yield as affected by Fe + Zn (13666 kg/ha), Zn + Mn (13221 kg/ha) and control (12944 kg/ha) treatments, respectively. In this experiment, the interaction between Licord Mn, Licord (Fe + Zn + Mn) and Okapi (Fe + Zn + Mn) had the highest harvest index (35.46, 34.77 and 32.23 percent), respectively. In addition, the interaction between Licord (Fe + Zn + Mn) showed the highest silique number (369.86) per plant. In general, seed yield and its component in rapeseed varieties showed different responses to micronutrient fertilizers. According to the results of this experiment, cultivation of Okapi and Licord varieties and application of Mn and Mn + Zn fertilizers cased to enhance seed yield of canola in Arak climatic conditions.
Mhmoud Ghorbanzadeh Neghab ,
Volume 2, Issue 1 (9-2015)
Soybean is one of the most important oil production resources in the world. In order to study of genetic diversity and relationships among quantitative and qualitative traits of 14 soybean cultivars, an experiment was conducted as a randomaized complete block design with four replications in 2013 at the Agriculture Research Farm, Shirvan Higher Education Complex. 12 traits such as seed and components yield, protein and oil content were evaluated. The results showed that there were significant differences among genotypes for all traits except protein content, which indicates the existence of genetic variations between genotypes. Zane, Century and Clombus cultivars had the highest seed yield, although, the lowest yield was achieved in Habit cultivar. Results showed that seed yield was positively and significantly correlated with number of pods per plant, number of seeds per pod, number of seeds per plant,100 seed weight, oil content, protein content and harvest index and there were significant and negative correlation between seed yield with number of days from planting to flowering . The Zane cultivar had the highest oil content of 515.8 kg ha-1. Based on the stepwise regression and path analysis the grain yield of soybean cultivars were explained by the direct and indirect effects 100 seed weight, number of pods per plant, number of seeds per pod and number of seed per plant. Considering to the residual effects and the coefficient of determination (86.7 percent), the large proportion of the variation in seed yield of soybean were determined with these four traits of seed yield. Path analysis showed that the greater and lower direct positive effects on seed yield were related to 100-seed weight and seed number per plant, respectively. In general, Zane , Columbus and Cencurty cultivars due to their high oil and seed yields can be proposed cultiveting in North Khorasan.
Ali Nakhzari Moghaddam, Sakineh Ghaffari, Ali Rahemi Karizaki, Mohammad Salahi Farahi,
Volume 2, Issue 2 (3-2016)
In order to study the effect of sulfur and Thiobacillus on some qualitative and quantitative traits of sunflower (cv. Hisun 25), an experiment was conducted as factorial based on Randomized Complete Block Design with three replications on research farm of the Gonbad Kavous University in 2013. The sulfur rate factor was in four levels: 0, 200, 400 and 600 kg sulfur per hectare and Thiobacillus bacteria factor was in four levels: 0, 10, 20 and 30 kg Thiobacillus per hectare. Results showed that the sulfur had a significant effect on plant height, 1000-seed weight and seed yield at 5% and on plant dry weight, oil percentage and oil yield at 1% probability. Effect of Thiobacillus on 1000-seed weight and seed yield at 5% and on plant height, plant dry weight, oil percentage and oil yield at 1% was significant. The maximum values of all traits were obtained from the highest amounts of sulfur and Thiobacillus. The highest plant height, 1000-seed weight, plant dry weight, seed yield, oil percentage and oil yield obtained from consumption of 600 kg S/ha. The maximum plant height, 1000-seed weight, plant dry weight, seed yield, oil percentage and oil yield belonged to consumption of 30 kg Thiobacillus/ha. The results of this study showed that effect of sulfur and Thiobacillus on some morphological traits, seed yield and yield components was less than percentage and yield of oil. This maybe has happened because of the sulfur role in oil production.
Mohammad Salahi Farahi, Faramarz Sayyedi,
Volume 2, Issue 2 (3-2016)
In order to study the effects of different levels of sulfur along with Thiobacillus and zinc on qualitative and quantitative growth of canola cv RGS003, a factorial experiment was conducted based on an RCBD with three replications at the Agricultural Research Station of Gonbad in 2013. The first factor was the application of sulfur with Thiobacillus at four levels, i.e. without sulfur and Thiobacillus (S0), 500 kg sulfur ha-1 + 10 kg Thiobacillus ha-1 (S1), 1000 kg sulfur ha-1 + 20 kg Thiobacillus ha-1 (S2) and 2000 kg sulfur ha-1 + 40 kg Thiobacillus ha-1 (S2). The second factor consisted of two levels of zinc: without zinc (control) and 20 kg zinc sulfate ha-1. The results showed that all traits studied were significantly affected by sulfur with the exception of pod length. The effect of zinc was significant at 0.01 probability level of biological yield, seed yield, harvest index, straw yield, oil percent and oil yield. With an increase in application of sulfur mixed with Thiobacillus up to 1000 kg sulfur ha-1 + 20 kg Thiobacillus ha-1 (S2), all yield components increased except oil percent, but their further increase resulted in reduction of seed yield and yield components of canola cv RGS003. With the exception of oil content, the other traits studied were not affected by the interaction of sulfur by zinc.
Valiollah Rameeh, Mohammad Aghabozorgi,
Volume 3, Issue 1 (9-2016)
In order to determine the appropriate sowing dates, seed rates and their interaction effects on yield and yield components, oil and protein contents of soybean variety Sari, a split-plot experiment based on a randomized complete blocks design with four replications was carried out at Qaemshahr Gharakeil Agriculture Research Station in 2009. Five sowing dates including 15th May, 31th May, 15th June, 1th July and 16th July were considered as main plots and three different seed rates including 60, 75 and 90 kg ha-1 as the sub-plots. The results showed that all of yield components were affected by sowing dates and also seed rates had a significant effect on the number of pods per plant. Although due to increasing seed rates, yield components, such as pods per plant were decreased, but because of the increasing number of plants per square meters, seed yield not decreased significantly. Therefore for economically saving 60 kg ha-1 of seed rates will be preferred. In this study high mean value of seed yield, biological yield and 1000-seed weight was achieved in first sowing date and all of the yield component characters were decreased in late sowing dates. Harvest index was increased in late sowing dates and it was not significantly affected by seed rates. Sowing dates and seed rates had not significant effects on oil and protein percentages, but due to significant effects of sowing dates on seed yield, oil and protein yields were significantly affected by sowing dates. In this study higher seed yield was belonged 60 kg ha-1 of seed rate in first and second sowing dates which have not significant statistically differed.