Volume 8, Issue 1 ((Spring and Summer) 2021)                   Iranian J. Seed Res. 2021, 8(1): 151-162 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Dehshiri A, Karimi M, Asareh M, Hamidi A, Karbalaeiharoftah Z, Safikhani F. (2021). Seed Coating of Satureja (Satureja hortensis) By Several Materials and Selecting the Suitable Method for Improvement of Seed Germination. Iranian J. Seed Res.. 8(1), 151-162. doi:10.52547/yujs.8.1.151
URL: http://yujs.yu.ac.ir/jisr/article-1-476-en.html
Seed and Plant Certification and Registration Institute, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization, Karaj, Iran , Ab_dehshiri@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (2844 Views)
Extended abstract
Introduction: Small size of Satureja (Satureja hortensis L.) seed causes many problems in mechanized cultivation and its seed consumption is increased significantly.  The approach discussed in the present study is the seed coating of Satureja by several matters and selecting the suitable method as well as investigation of adding hormonal and nutritional substances to the selected coating material for better emergence and the elimination of problem arise as a result of coating.
Materials and Methods: Purified Satureja seeds (97%) were prepared and poured into the coating machine at a specified amount. First, 1% solution of benomyl fungicide was sprayed on the seeds. Then some coating powder was sprayed on the spinning wet seeds inside the machine. Then some of the adhesive solution was sprayed on it and again the coating powder was added and this was repeated several times to create a suitable form for the coated seeds. This was repeated using different materials and among these coatings powder, vermiculite and perlite provided better coating on Satureja seed. Then, different materials including gibberellin, BAP, cytokinin, thiourea (CH4N2S) and potassium nitrate (KNO3), phosphorus from H2PO4 source and manganese sulfate (MnSO4) were used to the emergence of the enlarged seeds and also, the emergence of these seeds were evaluated in the greenhouse.
Results: Initial results showed that vermiculite and perlite provided better cover for Satureja compared with the other coating materials. Investigating the emergence of perlite-coated seeds in the greenhouse showed that gibberellin (all concentrations) and kinetin (500 mg/l) present in the seed coat improved the Satureja seed emergence under greenhouse condition. Also, it was found that Thiourea (700 and 7000 mg/l), potassium nitrate (7, 70, 700 mg/l), phosphorous (9 kg/100 kg seed) and manganese sulphate (2 and 4 mg/l) present in the coat significantly increased the Satureja seed emergence and led to improved seedling growth.
Conclusion: Perlite for the purpose of seed pelleting of Satureja showed good results and the use of gibberellin (at all concentrations) and quintine (500 mg/l) in the seed pelleting improved germination of pelleted Satureja seed.

1- Technical knowledge of Satureja seed pelleting was obtained.
2- The suitable material to improve the emergence of pelleted Satureja seed was introduced.
Article number: 10
Full-Text [PDF 578 kb]   (1033 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: Seed Physiology
Received: 2020/03/15 | Accepted: 2021/05/3

1. Allen, S., Dobrenz, A., Schonhorst, M. and Stoner, J. 1985. Heritability of NaCl tolerance in germinating alfalfa seeds. Agronomy Journal, 77(1): 99-101. [DOI:10.2134/agronj1985.00021962007700010023x]
2. Bajji, M., Kinet, J., M. and Lutts, S. 2002. Osmotic and ionic effects of NaCl on germination, early seedling growth, and ion content of Atriplex halimus (Chenopodiaceae). Canadian Journal of Botany, 80(3): 297-304. [DOI:10.1139/b02-008]
3. Çetinbaş, M. and Koyuncu, F. 2006. Improving germination of Prunus savium L. seeds by gibberellic acid, potassium nitrate and thiourea. Horticultural Science, 33(3):119-123. [DOI:10.17221/3750-HORTSCI]
4. Foster, K., Lee, I.J, Pharis, R. and Morgan, P. 1997. Effects of ring D-modified gibberellins on gibberellin levels and development in selected Sorghum bicolor maturity genotypes. Journal of Plant Growth Regulation, 16(2): 79-87. [DOI:10.1007/PL00006982]
5. Gerald, M. Bennett. 2016. Seed Inoculation, Coating and Precision Pelleting. [DOI:10.1201/b19298]
6. Hajihashemi, V., Sadraei, H., Ghannadi, A. R. and Mohseni, M. 2000. Antispasmodic and anti-diarrhoeal effect of Satureja hortensis L. essential oil. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 71(1-2): 187-192. [DOI:10.1016/S0378-8741(99)00209-3]
7. Hendricks, S. and Taylorson, R. 1974. Promotion of seed germination by nitrate, nitrite, hydroxylamine, and ammonium salts. Plant Physiology, 54(3): 304-309. [DOI:10.1104/pp.54.3.304] [PMID] [PMCID]
8. Kattimani, K., Reddy, Y. and Rao, B.R. 1999. Effect of pre-sowing seed treatment on germination, seedling emergence, seedling vigour and root yield of Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera Daunal.). Seed Science and Technology, 27(2): 483-488.
9. Loo, T.L. and Hwang, T.C. 1944. Growth stimulation by manganese sulphate, indole-3-acetic acid and colchicine in pollen germination and pollen tube growth. American Journal of Botany, 356-367. [DOI:10.1002/j.1537-2197.1944.tb08043.x]
10. Lowther, W. and Johnstone, P. 1979. Coating materials for commercial inoculated and coated clover seed. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research, 22(3): 475-478. [DOI:10.1080/00288233.1979.10430776]
11. Miller, C.O. 1958. The Relationship of the Kinetin and Red-Light Promotions of Lettuce Seed Germination. Plant Physiology, 33(2): 104-115. [DOI:10.1104/pp.33.2.115] [PMID] [PMCID]
12. Ogawa, M., Hanada, A., Yamauchi, Y., Kuwahara, A., Kamiya, Y. and Yamaguchi, S. 2003. Gibberellin biosynthesis and response during Arabidopsis seed germination. The Plant Cell, 15(7): 1591-1604. [DOI:10.1105/tpc.011650] [PMID] [PMCID]
13. Peltonen-Sainio, P., Kontturi, M. and Peltonen, J. 2006. Phosphorus seed coating enhancement on early growth and yield components in oat. Agronomy Journal, 98(1): 206-211. [DOI:10.2134/agronj2005.0141]
14. Pharis, R.P. and King, R.W. 1985. Gibberellins and reproductive development in seed plants. Annual Review of Plant Physiology, 36(1): 517-568. [DOI:10.1146/annurev.pp.36.060185.002505]
15. Pilar, M.A.C., Ortega, N., Perez-Mateos, M., and Busto, M.A.D. 2009. Alkaline phosphatase− polyresorcinol complex: characterization and application to seed coating. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 57(5): 1967-1974. [DOI:10.1021/jf803146m] [PMID]
16. Probert, R., Gajjar, K. and Haslam, I. 1987. The interactive effects of phytochrome, nitrate and thiourea on the germination response to alternating temperatures in seeds of Ranunculus sceleratus L.: a quantal approach. Journal of Experimental Botany, 38(6): 1012-1025. [DOI:10.1093/jxb/38.6.1012]
17. Puls, E. and Lambeth, V. 1974. Chemical stimulation of germination rate in aged tomato seeds. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 99(1): 9-12.
18. Rice, W., Clayton, G., Lupwayi, N. and Olsen, P. 2001. Evaluation of coated seeds as a Rhizobium delivery system for field pea. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 81(2): 247-253. [DOI:10.4141/P00-062]
19. Ries, R. and Hofmann, L. 1983. Effect of sodium and magnesium sulfate on forage seed germination. Journal of Range Management, 36(5): 658-662. [DOI:10.2307/3898364]
20. Ros, C., Bell, R. and White, P. 2000. Phosphorus seed coating and soaking for improving seedling growth of Oryza sativa (rice) cv. IR66. Seed Science and Technology, 28(2): 391-401.
21. Salter, W.J. and Smith, J.M. 1986. Peas-control of establishment pests and diseases using metalaxyl based seed coatings. In 1986 British Crop Protection Conference. Pests and diseases. Proceedings of a conference held at Brighton Metropole, England, November 17-20. 3: 1093-1100.
22. Scott, J.M. 1989. Seed coatings and treatments and their effects on plant establishment. Advances in Agronomy, 42: 43-83. [DOI:10.1016/S0065-2113(08)60523-4]
23. Sladdin, M. and Lynch, J. 1983. Effect of calcium peroxide, lime and other seed dressings on winter wheat establishment under wet conditions. Crop Protection, 2(1): 113-119. [DOI:10.1016/0261-2194(83)90031-5]
24. Srivastava, A., Ramaswamy, N., Mukopadhyaya, R., Jincy, M.C. and D'Souza, S. 2009. Thiourea modulates the expression and activity profile of mtATPase under salinity stress in seeds of Brassica juncea. Annals of Botany, 103(3): 403-410. [DOI:10.1093/aob/mcn229] [PMID] [PMCID]
25. Taylor, A. and Harman, G. 1990. Concepts and technologies of selected seed treatments. Annual Review of Phytopathology, 28(2): 321-339. [DOI:10.1146/annurev.py.28.090190.001541]
26. Taylor, A., Allen, P., Bennett, M., Bradford, K., Burris, J. and Misra, M. 1998. Seed enhancements. Seed Science Research, 8(2): 245-256. [DOI:10.1017/S0960258500004141]
27. Toyomasu, T., Kawaide, H., Mitsuhashi, W., Inoue, Y. and Kamiya, Y. 1998. Phytochrome regulates gibberellin biosynthesis during germination of photoblastic lettuce seeds. Plant Physiology, 118(4): 1517-1523. [DOI:10.1104/pp.118.4.1517] [PMID] [PMCID]
28. White, C.N. and Rivin, C.J. 2000. Gibberellins and seed development in maize. Gibberellin synthesis inhibition enhances abscisic acid signaling in cultured embryos. Plant Physiology, 122(4): 1089-1098. [DOI:10.1104/pp.122.4.1089] [PMID] [PMCID]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2023 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Iranian Journal of Seed Research

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.