Volume 1, Issue 1 ((Spring and Summer) 2014)                   Iranian J. Seed Res. 2014, 1(1): 20-32 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Masoumi Asl A, Amiri Fahliani R, Balouchi H. The reaction of different cultivars of rice (Oryza sativa) to high and low salinity in vitro condition. Iranian J. Seed Res.. 2014; 1 (1) :20-32
URL: http://yujs.yu.ac.ir/jisr/article-1-36-en.html
Yasouj University , masumiasl@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (25961 Views)
Salinity is one of the most extensive environmental stresses and is a limiting factor for the growth and development of crops, such as rice. Then, an experiment based upon completely randomized design with four low levels (0, 7.5, 15, 22.5) and four high of salinity (75, 150, 225 and 300 mM) with control as the first factor and nine cultivars of rice (dollars, Hasan Saraii, Mousa Tarom, Kamfiruz, Lenjan Askari, Gharib, Domsiah Mamassani, 304, Champa Yasouj) as the second factor with three replications was conducted in 2012 in the Yasouj University. Results showed that Hasan Saraii had salinity tolerance with the most germination percentage, germination rate and shoot length at high salinity levels (more than 75 mM), and Domsiah Mamassani with the minimum of that traits had not any salinity tolerance. But in the low salinity (less than 22.5 mM), Hasan Saraii, Lenjan and Mousa Tarom had the highest percentage of germination. The maximum germination rate was due to Mousa Tarom and the maximum shoot length observed in Gharib variety. So it seems, if we would only consider the germination percentage, Hasan Saraii is the best variety and if the maximum germination percentage and rate are considered, the variety that would be considered is Mousa Tarom. Therefore, high salinity we should not just rely on the germination but the germination rate should also be noted and in lower salinity due to different cultivars germination percentage, germination rate and dry weight of root should be paid much more attention.
Full-Text [PDF 272 kb]   (2814 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Seed Physiology
Received: 2014/01/14 | Accepted: 2014/04/12

References
1. Akita, S., and Cabuslay, G.S. 1990. Physiological basic of different response to salinity in rice cultivars. Plant and Soil, 123: 227-249. [DOI:10.1007/BF00011281]
2. Akram, M.S., Athar, H.R., and Ashraf, M. 2007. Improving growth and yield of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) by foliar application of potassium hydroxide (KOH) under salt stress. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 39 (3):769-776.
3. Ansari, R., Shereen, A., Flowers, T.J., and Yeo, A.R. 2001. Identification rice lines for improved salt tolerance from a mapping population. In: Peng, S. and B. Hardy (eds.). Rice research for food security and poverty alleviation. Proceeding of the International Rice Research Conference, 31 March- 3 April 2000, Los Banos, Philippines. pp: 285-291.
4. Bybordi, A., and Tabatabaei, J. 2009. Effect of salinity stress on germination and seedling properties in canola cultivars (Brassica napus L.). Notula Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 37(2): 71-76.
5. Fougere, F., Rudulier, D.L., and Streeter, J.G. 1991. Effects of salt stress on amino acid, organic acid, and carbohydrate composition of roots bacteroids, and cytosol of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.). Plant Physiology, 96(4): 1228-1236. [DOI:10.1104/pp.96.4.1228] [PMID] [PMCID]
6. Janrdhan, R.P., and Vaid Yanaht, R. 1982. Note on the salt tolerance of some rice varieties of Andra prafesh during germination and early seedling growth. Indian Journal of Agriculture Science, 52(7): 472-474.
7. Karimi, N., Soheilikhah, Z., Ghasmpour, H.R., and Zebarjadi, A.R. 2011. Effect of salinity stress on germination and early seedling growth of different safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) genotypes. Journal of Ecobiotechnology, 3(10): 07-13.
8. Kaya, M., and Ipek, D.A. 2003. Effects of different soil salinity levels on germination and seedling growth of safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.). Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 27(4): 221-227.
9. Khodarahmpour, Z. 2011. Screening maize (Zea mays L.) hybrids for salt stress tolerance at germination stage. African Journal of Biotechnology, 10 (71): 15959-15965. [DOI:10.5897/AJB11.2493]
10. Lang, N.T., Yanagihara, S., and Buu, B.C. 2001a. A microsatellite marker for a gene contributing salt tolerance on rice at the vegetative and reproductive stages. SABRAO Journal of Breeding and Genetics, 33: 1-10.
11. Lang, N.T., Yanagihara, S., and Buu, B.C. 2001b. QTL analysis of salt tolerance in rice (Oryza sativa L.). SABRAO Journal of Breeding and Genetics, 33: 11-20.
12. Mensuh, J.K., Akomeah, P.A., Ikhajiagbe, B., and Ekpekurede, E.O. 2006. Effects of salinity on germination, growth and yield of five groundnut genotypes. African Journal of Biotechnology, 5(20): 1973-1979.
13. Mohammad, El.M., Benbella, M., and Talouizete, A. 2002. Effect of sodium chloride on sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) seed germination. Helia Journal, 25(37): 51-58. [DOI:10.2298/HEL0237051M]
14. Moradi, F. 2002. Physiological characterization of rice cultivars for salinity tolerance during vegetative and reproductive stages. Ph.D. thesis. University of Philippines, Los Banos. Philippines.
15. Mostafavi, K. 2011. An Evaluation of Safflower Genotypes (Carthamus tinctorius L.), Seed Germination and Seedling Characters in salt Stress Conditions. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 6(7): 1667-1672.
16. Noor, E., Azhar, F.M., and Khan, A.L. 2001. Differences in responses of gossypium hirsutum L. varieties to NaCl salinity at seedling stage. International Journal of Agriculture Biology, 3(4): 345-347.
17. Oksu, G., Kaya, M.D., and Atak, M.2005. Effects of salt and drought stresses on germination and seedling growth of pea (Pisum sativum L.). Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 29(4): 237-242.
18. Shahid, M., Pervez, M.A., and Ashraf, M.Y. 2011. Characterization of salt tolerant and salt sensitive pea (Pisum sativum L.) genotypes under saline regime. Pakistan Journal of Life and Social Science, 9(2):145-152.
19. Tunçtürk, M., Tunçtürk, R., Yildirim, B., and Çiftçi, V. 2011. Changes of micronutrients, dry weight and plant development in canola (Brassica napus L.) cultivars under salt stress. African Journal of Biotechnology, 10(19): 3726-3730.
20. Turhan, H., and Ayaz, C. 2004. Effect of salinity on seedling emergence and growth of sunflower (Helianthus annus L.) cultivars. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 6(1): 149-152.
21. Yildirim, E., and Guvenc, I. 2006. Salt tolerance of pepper cultivars during germination and seedling growth Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 30(5): 347-353.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA code

Send email to the article author


© 2019 All Rights Reserved | Iranian Journal of Seed Research

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.