Volume 2, Issue 2 ((Autumn & Winter) 2016)                   Iranian J. Seed Res. 2016, 2(2): 99-111 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Behzadi Y, Salehi A, Balouchi H, KhaLedi F. Allelopathic Effect of Yarrow (Achilla wilhelmsii) and Habek Mint (Mentha longifolia) on Seed Germination Indices of Plantain (Plantago major). Iranian J. Seed Res.. 2016; 2 (2) :99-111
URL: http://yujs.yu.ac.ir/jisr/article-1-100-en.html
Department of Agronomy, Yasouj University, Yasouj, Iran , aminsalehi@yu.ac.ir
Abstract:   (35562 Views)

In recent years the use of allopathic effects on weed management seems to have attracted many professionals. In order to investigate the effect of aqueous extracts of Yarrow (Achilla wilhelmsii L.) and Habek mint (Mentha longifolia (L.) Huds) medicinal plant on germination indices of plantain, two experiments were conducted in completely randomized design with three replications in 2014 in the laboratory of seed technology of Yasouj university. Treatments consisted of 0, 25, 50, 75 and 100% concentrations of aqueous extract of Yarrow and Habek mint aerial parts. The results showed that the extract of Yarrow and Habek mint aerial parts on germination percentage, root and shoot length, root and shoot fresh and dry weight and seed vigor was significant. The maximum percentage and rate of germination have belonged to the control treatment (distilled water) and by decreasing the aqueous extract concentrations of each plant, the percentage and rate of germination increased. The minimum percentage and rate of germination have belonged to 100% concentration of aqueous extract that had no significant difference by 75% concentration. Finally, these results showed allelopathic effects of aqueous extract aerial parts of Yarrow and Habek mint, as a bio-herbicide on growth and germination of plantain.

Full-Text [PDF 390 kb]   (2475 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Seed Physiology
Received: 2015/04/28 | Accepted: 2015/10/4

1. Agrawal, R.L. 1980. Seed technology. Publisher: Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. New Delhi. India. 685 P.
2. Alam, S.M., and Islam, E.U. 2002. Effect of aqueous extract of leaf stem and root of nettle leaf goosefoot and NaCl on germination and seedling growth of rice. Pakistan Journal of Science and Technology, 1(2): 47-52.
3. Bais, H.P., Vepachedu, R., Gilbory, S., Callaway, R.M., and Vivanco, J.M. 2003. Allelopathy and exotic plant invasion from molecules and genes to communities. Science, 301: 1377-1380. [DOI:10.1126/science.1083245] [PMID]
4. Barazani, O., and Friedman, J. 1999. Allelopathic bacteria and their impact on higher plants. Critical Review in Plant Science, 18(6): 71-755. [DOI:10.1080/07352689991309469]
5. Benedek, B. 2007. Achillea millefolium L. Analysis of Phenolic Compounds and Biological Testing. Ph.D thesis, University of Vienna.
6. Benedek, B., and Kopp, B. 2007. Achillea millefolium L. sl revisited Recent findings confirm the traditional use. Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift, 157(13-14): 312-314. [DOI:10.1007/s10354-007-0431-9] [PMID]
7. Beres, I., and Kazinczi, G. 2000. Allelopathic effects of shoot extracts and residue of weed on field crops. Allelopathy Journal, 7(1): 93-98.
8. Challa, P., and Ravindra, V. 1998. Allelopathic Effects of Major Weeds on Vegetable Crops. Allelopathy Journal, 5: 89-92.
9. Chon, S.U., Jang, H.G., Kim, D.K., Kim, Y.M., Boo, H.O., and Kim, Y.J. 2005. Allelopathic potential in lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) plants. Scientia Horticulture, 106(3): 309-317. [DOI:10.1016/j.scienta.2005.04.005]
10. Dakshini, K.M.M., and Einhellig, F.A. 1995. Allelopathy: organisms, processes, and applications. American Chemical Society. 381 p.
11. De Feo, V., De Simone, F., and Senatore, F. 2002. Potential allelochemicals from Ruta graveolens. Phytochemistry, 61(5): 573-578. [DOI:10.1016/S0031-9422(02)00284-4]
12. EI-Khatib, A.A., Hegazy, A.K., and Galal, H.K. 2004. Does allelopathy have a role in the ecology of Chenopodium murale?. In Annales Botanici Fennici, Finnish Zoological and Botanical Publishing Board. 37-45
13. Ellis, R.H., and Roberts, E.H. 1981. The quantification of ageing and survival in orthodox seeds. Seed Science and Technology, 9: 377-409.
14. Hartmann, H.T., and Kester, D.E. 1990. Plant propagation: principles and practices. 647 p.
15. Iqbal, Z., Furubayashi, A., and Fujii, Y. 2004. Allelopathic effect of leaf debris, leaf aqueous extract, and rhizosphere soil of Ophiopogon japonicus Ker-Gawler on the growth of plants. Weed Biology and Management, 4: 43-48. [DOI:10.1111/j.1445-6664.2003.00116.x]
16. Khan, M.R., Kihara, M., and Omolose A.D. 2001. Antimicrobial activity of Picrasma javanica. Fitoterapia, 72(4): 406-408. [DOI:10.1016/S0367-326X(00)00274-4]
17. Kocacaliskan, I., and Teriz, I. 2001. Allelopathic effect of walnut leaf extracts and juglone on seed germination and seedling growth. Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology, 76(4): 436-440. [DOI:10.1080/14620316.2001.11511390]
18. Kruse, M., Strandberg, M., and Strandberg, B. 2000. Ecological effects of allelopathic plants-a review. NERI Technical Report, 315.
19. Mallik, A., Harper, J.D.I., An, M., Wu, H., and Kent, J.H. 2005. Allelopathy: advances, challenges and opportunities. In Proceedings of the 4th World Congress on Allelopathy,\" Establishing the Scientific Base\", Wagga Wagga, New South Wales, Australia, 21-26 August 2005. pp. 3-11. Centre for Rural Social Research, Charles Sturt University.
20. Mutlu, S., and Atici, O. 2009. Allelopathic effect of Nepeta meyeri Benth. extracts on seed germination and seedling growth of some cropplants. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum, 31(1): 89-93. [DOI:10.1007/s11738-008-0204-0]
21. Narwal, S.S., and Tauro, P. 1996. Allelopathy in pests management for sustainable agriculture Vol. 2. Scientific Publishers.
22. Qasem, J.R. 1992. Pigweed (Amaranthus spp.) interference in transplanted tomato (Lycopersicom esculentum). Journal of Horticulture Science, 67(3): 421-428. [DOI:10.1080/00221589.1992.11516267]
23. Shams Ardekani, M.R., Hadjiakhoondi, A., Jamshidi, A.H., and Mohammad Rafiee, P. 2006. Pharmacognosical & Plant tissue culture studies of Achillea millefolium L. Journal of Medicinal Plants, 1(17): 21-26.
24. Van Der Art, P.G.M., and Vulto, G.C. 1992. General biology of plantago, biogeography and human effects. Ecological Studies, 89: 5-6.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

© 2020 All Rights Reserved | Iranian Journal of Seed Research

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.