Volume 3, Issue 2 (3-2017)                   jfer 2017, 3(2): 67-79 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Nejabat M, Negahdarsaber M. (2017). Analysis of Soil Characteristics of Wild Pistachio (Pistacia atlantica sub sp mutica) Forests in Fars Province. jfer. 3(2), 67-79.
URL: http://yujs.yu.ac.ir/jzfr/article-1-86-en.html
Assistant Professor, Fars Research and Education Center for Agriculture and Natural Resources, Fars, Iran , m.nejabat@areo.ir
Abstract:   (8060 Views)
Background and objectives: Familiarity with the appropriate soil conditions for Pistacia atlantica leads to improve and develop forest vegetation cover in Zagros zone. The main aim of this research was investigate suitable soil characteristics ranges for natural growth of this species in Fars province.Materials and Methods: Field studies and soil sampling was done based on network sampling (20×20 km grid) in wild pistachio forests of Fars province with crucified pattern. The filed study showed mountain and hilly land are the main land types that pistachio species have placed on them. These land types include the displacement of rock, stone and gravel as high and low soil depth with moderate to severe water erosion.Results: Main physical and chemical properties measurement of soil samples showed that the only limiting growth factor has been the low soil depth. The low effective soil depth and light soil texture are the most important limiting factor on soil moisture storage ability (from rain). This deficiency, transition from drought or very dry periods (resulting from an undesirable distribution of rain) makes it difficult. Statistical analysis methods based on principal component analysis (PCA) and cluster analysis (CA) shows that wide ranges in soil characters, even up to about 40% differentiation in the measured properties do not make restrictions for pistachio Natural growth. Ecologically, Pistacia atlantica is a drought-tolerant plant. Wild pistachio (Pistacia atlantica) is one of the high resistance species in wide range of soil condition (soil characteristics) and this feature (desirable survival) make it favorite for Zagros forest rehabilitation.Conclusion: Land and grazing management (land use planning), along with watershed management practices can conserve and improve soil and environment of wild pistachio habitats of the Zagros forests.
Full-Text [PDF 1394 kb]   (2390 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2016/05/8 | Accepted: 2017/02/14

References
1. خانجاني شيراز، ب. و همتي، ا. 1384. بررسي تأثير عوامل انساني و چراي دام در تغيير ساختار توده‌هاي جنگلي و عدم توسعه پايدار در حوزه آبخيز (مطالعه موردي حوزه 9 سري 9) گيلان. همایش ملی آینده جنگل‌های ایران، انجمن علمی جنگلبانی ایران، دانشکده منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران. 10-1.
2. فتاحی، م. 1373. بررسی جنگل¬های بلوط زاگرس و مهم‌ترین عوامل تخریب آن. انتشارات موسسه تحقیقات جنگل¬ها و مراتع، 63 ص.
3. فتاحی، م.، انصاری، ن.، عباسی، ح.ر. و خان‌حسنی، م. 1379. مدیریت جنگل¬های زاگرس (منطقه موردی: جنگل¬های دار بادام کرمانشاه). انتشارات موسسه تحقیقات جنگل¬ها و مراتع، 471 ص.
4. کوشانفر، ع. 1388. عوامل و سرعت تخریب منابع طبیعی استان لرستان. مجموعه مقالات نخستین همایش بررسی راهکارهای حفاظت از منابع طبیعی استان لرستان، دانشگاه پیام نور، خرم‌آباد. 47-35.
5. گراوند، ز. 1392. جایگاه زغالگیری در نظام معیشتی ساکنان منطقه اولادقباد. پایان¬نامه کارشناسی ارشد، دانشگاه کردستان، ایران، 95 ص.
6. مؤمنی، م. و فعال قیومی، ع. 1389. تحلیل‌های آماری با استفاده از spss، انتشارات علم و دانش، 312 ص.
7. ناصری، ب.، حسینی، ا. 1388. بررسی عوامل تخریب جنگل¬های بنه شهرستان ایلام (مطالعه موردی: منطقه آبزا). مجموعه مقالات سومین همایش ملی جنگل، انجمن جنگلبانی ایران، دانشکده منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران. کرج. 12-1.
8. Bablo, B., Muys, B., Negu, F., Tollens, E., Nyssen, J., Deckers, J. & Mathis, E. 2009. The economic contribution of forest resource use to rural livelihoods in Tigray, Northern Ethiopia. Forest Policy and Economics, 11(2): 109-117. [DOI:10.1016/j.forpol.2008.10.007]
9. Hamilton, L.S. 1987. What are the impacts of Himalayan deforestation on Gangese Brahamaputra lowlands and delta?. Mountain Research and Development, 7: 256-263. [DOI:10.2307/3673202]
10. Ives, J.D. & Messerli, B. 1989. The himalayan dilemma: Reconciling environment and development, Routledge, London, UK, 295p.
11. Landry, J. & Chirwa, W.P. 2011. Analysis of the potential socio-economic impactof establishing plantation forestry on rural communities in Sanga district, Niassa province, Mozambique. Land Use Policy, 28(3): 542-551. [DOI:10.1016/j.landusepol.2010.11.001]
12. Mulyoutami, E., Rismawan, & Joshi, R.L. 2009. Local knowledge and management of simpukng (forest gardens) among the Dayak people in East Kalimantan, Indonesia. Forest Ecology and Management, 257(10): 2054-2061. [DOI:10.1016/j.foreco.2009.01.042]
13. Pandey, U. & Singh, J.S. 1984. Energy flower lationships between agro- and forest ecosystems in Central Himalaya. Environmental Conservation, 11(1): 45-53. [DOI:10.1017/S0376892900013485]
14. Pote, J., Shackleton, C., Cocks, M. & Lubke, R. 2006. Fuel wood harvesting and selection in Valley Thicket, South Africa. Journal of Arid Environments, 67(2): 270-287. [DOI:10.1016/j.jaridenv.2006.02.011]
15. Raizada, A., Dogra, P. & Dhyani, B.L. 2008. Assessment of a multi objective decision support system generated land use plan on forest fodder dependency in a Himalayan watershed, Environmental modelling and software, 23(9): 1171-1181. [DOI:10.1016/j.envsoft.2008.02.001]
16. Richard, A.G., Emmanuel, K.B., Kayombo, C.J., Chirenje, L.I. & Musamba, E.B. 2011. The Influence of Socio- economic Factors on Deforestation: A Case Study of the Bereku Forest Reserve in Tanzania, Journal of Biodiversity, 2(1): 31-39 [DOI:10.1080/09766901.2011.11884727]
17. Webb, N.P., Stokes, C.J. & Marshall, N.A. 2013. Integrating biophysical and socio-economic evaluation to improve the efficacy of adaptation assessments for agriculture, Global Environmental Change, 23(5): 1164-1177. [DOI:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2013.04.007]
18. Fattahi, M., Ansari, N., Abbasi, H.R. & Khanhasani, M. 2001. Zagros forests management (Study area: Darbadam Forest, Kermanshah). Volume 1, Published by Research Institute of Forests and Rangelands, 471p. (In Persian).
19. Fattahi, M. 2000. Study of Zagros forests and the most important factors for its destruction. Published by Research Institute of Forests and Rangelands, 63p. (In Persian).
20. Gravand, Z. 2013. The charcoal-making in the live hood system of Oulad ghobad region. M.Sc. thesis of Kurdistan University, Iran, 95p. (In Persian with English Abstract).
21. Khanjani Shiraz, B. & Hemati, A. 2005. The effect of human factors and grazing in the change of forest structure and lack of sustainable development of basin (Case study: basin 9, district 9, Guilan). National Conference on the future of Iran forests, Forestry Institute of Iran, Faculty of Natural Resources, Tehran University. (In Persian with English Abstract).
22. Koshanfar, A. 2009. Factors and the destruction rate of natural resources of Lorestan province, the first conferences on study of Way to protect the natural resources of the Lorestan province, Payam Nour University, Khoram Abad. (In Persian with English Abstract).
23. Momeni, M. & Faal Ghayoumi, A. 2010. Statistical analysis using Spss, Elm and danesh press, 312p. (In Persian).

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Journal of Forest Ecosystems Researches

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb