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Showing 9 results for Energy

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Volume 1, Issue 1 (9-2014)
Abstract

 

The limited available energy resources and it basic role in industrial development, employing the renewable sources of energy including wind, sun, water and etcetera as appropriate choice described. Renewable energies are not only economically advisable, but even can contribute to provide a cleaner approach of energy production and healthier environment. Hence, assessment of some old structures such as Middle East wind catcher that are established on the ground of clean energies and adapting them to the modern age demands with optimizing models is noteworthy. This work, by keeping focus on calculus of variation and analysis of the wind load on the wind catcher structures and present an optimal more resistant model. Optimization of the design parameters of wind catcher structures led to a hyperbolic model with least wind catcher surface and a higher stability and strength compared with the older structures of this category.

 


Asghar Lashanizadegan, Mahmoodreza Rahimi, Hadie Mazlumi,
Volume 1, Issue 1 (9-2017)
Abstract

Furnaces in refinery and petrochemical processes are major consumers of energy. The most important factors for the controlling the energy consumption of the furnace can be divided into three main groups The first group includes the potential savings without cost or low cost, such as adjusting air – fuel ratio in the burner and pressure control into the furnace, The second group includes the potential savings with medium cost such as insulating body, and the third group includes the potential savings with high investment such as heat recovery from the exhaust flue. In this paper, the thermal energy savings potential on the 4 fixed- furnaces in the Loabiran companies are investigated and calculated that savings potential of adjusting air – fuel ratio in the burner is 165,973,500 Rials in the year, controlling pressure inside the furnace 95,822,300 Rials in the year, body insulation 622,167,700 Rials and recycled flue gases 929,762,400 Rials in the year. Also Loabiran companies uses regenerator that is a periodic heat recovery system to preheat the incoming air. This will result in annual savings for the daily production of 20 tons of frit, are 3,577,000,000 Rials.
Afsaneh Ebrahimi, Sayyed Obaid Poordanesh,
Volume 1, Issue 1 (9-2017)
Abstract

The reduction of energy consumption on sensor nodes using cognitive radio network routing algorithm to help Dayjkstra, Can help a lot in increasing the life of nodes and improve the whole problem of the exchange of information without slowing down. Holes containing channel energy threshold is detected and checked by applying a range of secondary users assigned. From the simulation results of cognitive radio-based network routing algorithm can be seen Dayjkstra sensor nodes send data from the source node to the final node of their shortest and best route. Energy consumption by as much as 80 percent less sensor nodes with Dayjkstra algorithm of algorithms such as LEACH, DASC, EEUC that this factor is an increase in the lifetime of nodes in the network.
Vahab Kazerouni, Abedreza Farhadipor, Pourya Omidvar, Gholamreza Karimi,
Volume 1, Issue 1 (9-2017)
Abstract

Considering the significant waste of gas in the oil and gas industry flares, it is highly desired to recover the gas in the industrial processes. Gas recovery reduces the energy consumption as well as the negative environmental impacts. In this study, different flare gas recovery methods are presented from exergy perspectives. Exergy analysis based on the second law overcomes the limitations of the energy-based analysis and offers a much more meaningful evaluation by indicating the association of irreversibilities. Analytical results indicate that simultaneous generation of power and heat by flare gases is the most effective method and can decrease the exergy destruction and fuel gas consumption of the cycle by 77.58 MW and 5793 kg/hr, respectively. When there is no demand for power, recycling the flare gases to process units and steam generating by the turbine exhaust gases can decrease fuel gas consumption of the cycle by 5605 kg/hr. It is also observed that pressurizing and recycling the gas for utility consumption can decrease the exergy destruction and fuel gas consumption of the cycle by 28 MW and 2100 kg/hr, respectively.
Shahram Derakhshan, Ehsan Abdolahnejad, Javad Zare,
Volume 1, Issue 2 (1-2018)
Abstract

Nowadays, according to increasing energy consumption especially in industry, the need for optimizing energy consumption and determining energy efficiency class of different devices is essential. The main challenge of the present study is developing an energy label instruction for centrifugal pumps. Since the used standard in Iran (ISIRI 7817-2, 1st.edition) only considers the effect of efficiency in energy labeling, a new method is presented to modify this standard. In the proposed method the effect of specific speed on efficiency is considered by choosing one of the constant specific speed curves in η- Q diagram and modifying efficiency for each specific speed. Then, different pumps are tested and labeled by different standards. While the used standard in Iran labels all the pumps in one class, but the new proposed method can label pumps properly as European standards that show the benefit of using the proposed method in centrifugal pumps energy labeling.
 


Rasoul Rajabpour , Bahram Sami Kashkoli , Tahereh Faraji , Abolghasem Mohamadzadeh , Seyfollah Amin,
Volume 1, Issue 2 (1-2018)
Abstract

 

In this paper, the optimal operation of pumping stations was determined using a genetic algorithm so that the minimum energy cost. The schedule for the operation of the water pump system can be a significant savings in the cost of energy to be achieved. Determine the optimum pump operation schedule an optimization model - simulation-based genetic algorithm was developed. The model integrates GA optimizer and EPANET hydraulic network solver in MATLAB. The proposed model is applied to find the optimal pump operation schedule of Dogonbadan water conveyance system from Kowsar Dam in an ordinary day of the year. The comparison of optimal schedule with ordinary operation strategy shows 26.8 percent reduction in total energy cost. This indicates the high capability of the proposed model.
 

 
Burhan Azarm,
Volume 1, Issue 2 (1-2018)
Abstract

Solar energy is the most important type of modern and renewable energies. If it displace fossil fuels, can bring an end to concerns about finiteness of fuels, environmental pollution caused by the fossil fuels, price fluctuations and energy crisis. Among the energy sources, due to the high potential of solar energies in wide areas of the Iran, it has a great importance to researchers. The base of Photovoltaic technology is to converting sunlight into electricity and nowadays, most of the countries utilize it in the forms of grid-connected and off-grid. In recent years, few technologies are used for manufacturing of solar cells. The results  of investigating show that the efficiency of the first generation in comparison to the other technologies are high due to the high quality raw materials which are used in the fabrication. It is expected that the differences between the efficiency of these for technologies will be decreased by the time and other technologies will be replaced by the first generation. In this paper, the structure of different technologies has been studied and the possible methods for improvement of the solar cells efficiency have been introduced.
 


Behrang Sajadi, Mohammad Yousefipour, Mohammad Ali Akhavan-Behabadi, Sadegh Khodaveisi,
Volume 1, Issue 2 (1-2018)
Abstract

In this study, the effect of using phase change materials on the air-conditioning system energy consumption of a typical room in a multi-floor building has been studied using EnergyPlus software. As the melting point of PCMs has an important impact on their effectiveness, as a part of this research, the effect of Iran climatic conditions on the appropriate melting point of the PCM has been investigated in 4 cities: Tabriz as a cold, Tehran as a moderate, Yazd a dry-hot and Bandar-e-Abbas a humid-hot climate. Based on the results, the proper temperature of PCM melting temperature is between 21 to 27°C and the saving varies from 1.6 to 13.2%. The results of this incestigation are useful in getting better understanding of the effect of PCMs on reducing the HVAC system energy consumption and in determining the PCM appropriate specifications.
 


Seyyed Hossein Hashemi , Ehsan Fathalinia, Mohsen Fathalinia,
Volume 1, Issue 2 (1-2018)
Abstract

The Trombe wall heating system known as one of the most important consumption reduction technology that utilizes solar energy is the energy efficiency. In this paper, the effects of temperature on system performance Trembath glass wall temperature of wall heating Trembath according to the intensity of solar radiation is investigated numerically. The results confirmed the increase in efficiency heating system with regard to solar radiation intensity emitted in the study area. With such intensity 466.281 w / m2 close to the glass surface temperature (in air duct) up to 14.422 ° C arrives while lower-intensity radiation (394.91 w / m2) in the final heat to about 12.71 ° C goes. Considering the solar radiation, can be expected to increase the flow of thermal energy in the air duct. The effect of improving the efficiency of the underlying performance heating technology Trembath wall. The results of this study, changes in temperature glass, to the the amount of solar radiation intensity in the relationship. When the radiation intensity maximum the amount of 466.81 w / m2 is concerned, more secondary radiation is emitted. As a result, the glass has a temperature range between 11.32 to the 12.73 ° C.




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