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Showing 2 results for Protein and Oil Content

Mhmoud Ghorbanzadeh Neghab ,
Volume 2, Issue 1 (9-2015)
Abstract

Soybean is one of the most important oil production resources in the world. In order to study of genetic diversity and relationships among quantitative and qualitative traits of 14 soybean cultivars, an experiment was conducted as a randomaized complete block design with four replications in 2013 at the Agriculture Research Farm, Shirvan Higher Education Complex. 12 traits such as seed and components yield, protein and oil content were evaluated. The results showed that there were significant differences among genotypes for all traits except protein content, which indicates the existence of genetic variations between genotypes. Zane, Century and Clombus cultivars had the highest seed yield, although, the lowest yield was achieved in Habit cultivar. Results showed that seed yield was positively and significantly correlated with number of pods per plant, number of seeds per pod, number of seeds per plant,100 seed weight, oil content, protein content and harvest index and there were significant and negative correlation between seed yield with number of days from planting to flowering . The Zane cultivar had the highest oil content of 515.8 kg ha-1. Based on the stepwise regression and path analysis the grain yield of soybean cultivars were explained by the direct and indirect effects 100 seed weight, number of pods per plant, number of seeds per pod and number of seed per plant. Considering to the residual effects and the coefficient of determination (86.7 percent), the large proportion of the variation in seed yield of soybean were determined with these four traits of seed yield. Path analysis showed that the greater and lower direct positive effects on seed yield were related to 100-seed weight and seed number per plant, respectively. In general, Zane , Columbus and Cencurty cultivars due to their high oil and seed yields can be proposed cultiveting in North Khorasan.


Marefat Mostafavi Rad, Amin Nobahar, Mehran Gholami, Ali Ajili Lahigy, Iraj Boniadi, Shayegan Adibi, Mohammad Reza Rahimian, Ebrahim Akbarzadeh,
Volume 2, Issue 2 (3-2016)
Abstract

In order to evaluate the quantitative and qualitative yield of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) in response to starter nitrogen rates two separate experiments were performed in 2013 and 2014 cropping season as randomized complete block design with three replications, in experimental field of Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center of Guilan Province, Rasht, Iran. Four rates of nitrogen including of zero, 100, 150 and 200 kg/ha comprised the experimental treatment. The results of this research showed that with increment of starter nitrogen application, duration of developmental stages in peanut enhanced. The greatest pod (3561 kg/ha) and seed yield (1740 kg/ha) of peanut, grain oil (49.86 percent) and nitrogen content (3.91 percent), oil yield (867 kg/ha) and protein yield (426.5 kg/ha) were obtained at 100 kg N/ha level. Application of 150 kg N/ha showed superiority for pod number per plant (21.30) and grain number per pod (1.39). Also, application of 200 kg N/ha caused to enhance plant height (73.35 cm) and grain phosphorus content (0.437 ppm) in peanut. In addition, there was negative and significant correlation between grain yield and some traits such as day number to initial flowering, day number to the end of flowering and maturity. The correlation coefficient between grain yield and oil (r= 0.99**) and protein yield (r= 0.89**) was positive and significant. In this experiment, oil and protein yield of peanut per unit area mostly related to grain yield. In general, results showed that the application of starter nitrogen up to 100 kg/ha enhanced pod and grain yield of peanut and oil and protein yield in Guilan province climatic condition.



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سامانه نشریات دانشگاه یاسوج - مجله تولید گیاهان روغنی Journal of Oil Plants Production
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