Volume 8, Issue 1 ((Spring and Summer) 2021)                   Iranian J. Seed Res. 2021, 8(1): 137-150 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Mahlooji M, Jenab M. Effect of Water Deficit Stress and Foliar Application of Maternal Plant on Germination Characteristics of Three Barley (Hordeum vulgare) Cultivars. Iranian J. Seed Res.. 2021; 8 (1) :137-150
URL: http://yujs.yu.ac.ir/jisr/article-1-470-en.html
Horticulture Crops Research Department, Isfahan Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, AREEO, Isfahan, Iran , mmahlooji2000@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (1823 Views)
Extended abstract
Introduction: Barley is the fourth largest cereal crop in the world and the second cereal crop in Iran in supplying food needs. Considering population growth and food shortages, it is important to look at ways to increase production. Seeds of higher quality and vigor emerge better when exposed to biotic and abiotic stresses and have stronger seedlings with higher vigor. It seems that one of the appropriate strategies for reducing or moderating the effect of stress on yield is foliar application with micronutrients which can also affect germination and vigor of the produced seeds. For this purpose, the effect of water stress and foliar application on germination characteristics and vigor of barley seeds was investigated.
 Materials and Methods: A factorial experiment was carried out based on CRD with four replications on the seeds resulted from a field experiment at Isfahan Kaboutarabad Agricultural Research Station, during the cropping year of 2018-19.  The main factors was foliar application at five levels: no foliar application(water use), zinc sulfate (0.5%), potassium sulfate (0.5%) and salicylic acid (1.5 mM), and superoxide dismutase (3 mg/liter) at the start of tillering for three times at seven day intervals and the sub-factor was genotypes was Goharan (drought tolerant), Mehr (salt-tolerant) and Armaghan (stress-sensitive). After harvesting, germination traits were evaluated.
Results: Foliar application of maternal barley plant at the late season drought stress had a significant effect on root and shoots length, root and shoot dry weight, length and weight vigor indices, allometric coefficient and germination uniformity of seed. Also among the studied cultivars in late season irrigation cut off conditions, Goharan cultivar had a better shoot and root development (seedling vigor weight index) and higher seed germination uniformity.
Conclusion: Foliar application of potassium sulfate and zinc sulfate on different barley cultivars resulted in favorable metabolic conditions in seed and due to better root development and higher dry weight than stem development and as a result, higher allometric coefficient and better establishment under late season drought stress, may provide better growth conditions under drought stress conditions.
 
Highlights:
  1. Goharan barley cultivar responds more positively to foliar application under late season drought stress conditions.
  2. Foliar application of potassium sulfate, zinc sulfate and super oxidase superoxide on Goharan cultivar maternal plant under late season drought stress condition led to the highest seedling root length, root dry weight and shoot dry weight.
Article number: 9
Full-Text [PDF 592 kb]   (265 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Seed Physiology
Received: 2020/06/11 | Accepted: 2021/01/16

References
1. Abdul-baki, A.A. and Anderson, J.D. 1970. Viability and leaching of sugars from germinating barely. Crop Science, 10: 31-34. [DOI:10.2135/cropsci1970.0011183X001000010012x]
2. Alizadeh, M. and Vilizit, A. 2005. Comparison of germination percentage, germination rate and seed vigor index in three conditions, Environmental Germination Standard, Test Cold Test, Accelerated Aging Test. Summary of the 6th Iranian Congress of Agriculture and Plant Breeding, Babolsar, Mazandaran. p.12. [In Persian with English Summary].
3. Alscher, R.G., Erturk, N. and Heath, L.S. 2002. Role of superoxide dismutases in controlling oxidative stress in plants. Journal of Experimental Botany, 53: 1331-1341. [DOI:10.1093/jxb/53.372.1331] [PMID]
4. Alizade-Forotan, M., Pirdashti, H.A. and Yaghobiyan, Y. 2014. Effect of seed biological treatments on resistance of Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare L) to heavy copper stress in germination and seedling stage. Journal of Seed Research, 4(11): 1-12. [In Persian].
5. Annan, K. 2001. Water for sustainable agriculture in developing regions- more crop for every scarce drop, Proceeding of 8th JIRCAS International Symposium, Epochal Tsukuba, Tsukuba Science City, Japan, November 27-28, 132-133
6. Asadi Aghbolaghi, M., Ansari O. and Sedghi, M. 2014. The effect of salicylic acid and gibberellic acid on germination characteristics and changes of antioxidant enzymes under accelerated aging in sunflower (Helianthus annuus). Iranian Journal of Seed Science and Technology, 3(1): 31-40. [In Persian with English Summary].
7. Azimi, M.S., Daneshian, J., Sayfzadeh, S. and Zare, S. 2013. Evaluation of amino acid and salicylic acid application on yield and growth of wheat under water deficit. International Journal of Agriculture and Crop Sciences, 5(8): 816-819.
8. Bannayan, M., Sanjani, S., Alizadeh, A., Lotfabadi, S.S. and Mohamadian, A. 2010. Association between climate indices, aridity index, and rainfed crop yield in northeast of Iran. Field Crops Research, 118: 105-114. [DOI:10.1016/j.fcr.2010.04.011]
9. Basra, S.M.A., Zia, M.N., Mahmood, T., Afzal, I. and Khaliq, A. 2002. Comparison of different invigoration techniques in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) seeds. Pakistan Journal of Arid Agriculture, 5: 11-16.
10. Ceccarelli, S. 2010. Drought and drought resistance. Encyclopedia of Biotechnology in Agriculture and Food, 1(1): 205-207. [DOI:10.1081/E-EBAF-120042330]
11. Daneshmand, F., Arvin, M.J., Keramat, B. and Momeni, N.2014. Interactive effects of salt stress and salicylic acid on germination and plant growth parameters of maize (Zea mays L.) under field conditions. Journal of Plant Process and Function, 1(1): 56-70. [In Persian with English Summary].
12. Derakhshan, A. and Gharineh, M.H. 2015. Application of hydrotime concept to predict seedling emergence of spring barley varieties in field. Iranian Journal of Seed Sciences and Research, 2(2): 1-14. [In Persian with English Summary].
13. Ellis, R.H. and Roberts, E.H. 1981. The quantification of ageing and survival in orthodox seeds. Seed Science and Technology, 9: 377-409.
14. Esfandiari, E., Shakiba, M.R., Mahboob, S.A., Alyari, H. and Shahabivand, S. 2008. The effect of water stress on the antioxidant content, protective enzyme activities, proline content and lipid peroxidation in wheat seedling. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 11: 1916-1922. [DOI:10.3923/pjbs.2008.1916.1922] [PMID]
15. FAO. 2013. FAOSTAT.FAO .Rome. WWW.Faostat, fao.org.
16. Francia, E., Tondelli, A., Rizza, F., Badeck, F.W., Thomas, W.T.B., Ecuwijk, F.V., Romagosa, I., Stanca, A.M. and Pecchioni, N. 2013. Determinants of barley grain yield in drought-prone Mediterranean environments. Italian Journal of Agronomy, 8(1): 1-8. [DOI:10.4081/ija.2013.e1]
17. Gholami-ganjeh,S., Salehi, A. and Moradi, A. 2014. Effect of mother plant nutrition on uptake of some nutrients and germination indices of cumin (Cuminum cyminum L.). Iranian Journal of Seed Science and Technology, 4(1): 109-118. [In Persian with English Summary].
18. Gholami, H., Parsa, M., Khajeh-Hosseini, M. and Khazaie, H.R. 2018. Effect of urea and micro elements foliar application on chickpea seed germination, seedling emergence, and seedling vigor of (Cicer arietinum L.). Iranian Journal of Seed Science and Technology, 6(2): 57-66. [In Persian with English Summary].
19. Gholinezhad, E. 2015. The Effects of Salinity Stress on Related germination traits of wheat genotypes. Iranian Journal of Biology, 27(2): 276-287. [In Persian with English Summary].
20. Guo, Z., Tan, H., Zhu, Z., Lu, S. and Zhou, B. 2005. Effect of intermediates on ascorbic acid and oxalate biosynthesis of rice and in relation to its stress resistance. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, 43(10): 955-962. [DOI:10.1016/j.plaphy.2005.08.007] [PMID]
21. Hosseini, H. and Rezvani Moghadam, P. 2006. Effect of water and salinity stress in seed germination on Isabgol (Plantago ovata). Iranian Journal of Field Crop Research, 4(1): 15-22. [In Persian with English Summary].
22. International Seed Testing Association (ISTA). 2011. Handbook of vigor test methods. 2nd International Seed Testing Association, Zurich, Switzerland
23. Ji, X., shiran, B., wan, J., Lewis, D.C., Jenkins, C.L.D., Condon, A.G., Richards, R.A. and Dolferus, R. 2010. Importance of pre-anthesis anther sink strength for maintenance of grain number during reproductive stage water stress in wheat. Plant Cell and Environment, 33: 926-942. [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-3040.2010.02130.x] [PMID]
24. Kabiri, R. and Naghizadeh, M. 2015. Exogenous acetyl salicylic acid stimulates physiological changes to improve growth, yield and yield components of barley under water stress condition. Journal of Plant Physiology and Breeding, 5(1): 35-45.
25. Mahlooji, M., Seyed Sharifi, R., Sedghi, M., Sabzaliyan, M.R. and Kamali, M.R. 2014. Effect of salinity of irrigation water and nano and chelated zinc foliar application on photosynthesis parameters of barley genotypes. Journal of Crop Production, 7(4): 41-60. [In Persian with English Summary].
26. Mahlooji, M., Seyed sharifi, R., Razmjoo, J., Sabzalian, M.R. and Sedghi, M. 2018. Effect of salt stress on photosynthesis and physiological parameters of three contrasting barley genotypes. Photosynthetica, 56(2): 549-556. [DOI:10.1007/s11099-017-0699-y]
27. Marschner, H. 1995. Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants. 2nd Academic Press. Ltd. London.
28. Mohsen-Nasab, F., Sharafizadeh, M. and Siadat, A. 2010. Study the effect of aging acceleration test on germination and seedling growth of wheat cultivars in controlled conditions (in vitro). Journal of Crop Physiology, 2: 59-71. [In Persian with English Summary].
29. Nayerin Jezi, A.H., Naderi, M.R., Rezae, M., Imami, B. and Esfandiari, M. 2011. Biological properties of cotton seed Influenced by irrigation and Photosynthesis consumption of micronutrient elements. 2nd national conference of seed science and technology. Mashhad, Iran.
30. Pirasteh-Anosheh, H., Emam, Y. and Sepaskhah, A.R. 2015. Improving barley performance by proper foliar applied Salicylic acid under saline conditions. International Journal of Plant Production, 9: 467-486. [In Persian with English Summary].
31. Sarmadnia, Gh. 1996. Seed technology. 2nd Ed., Mashhad Jihad-e Daneshghahi Press, Mashhad, Iran. [In Persian].
32. Seyed Sharif, R., Farzaneh, S. and Saed Nia, V. 2009. The effects of Znso4 on growth analysis, yield and the amount of protein and zinc in different wheat cultivars. Iranian Journal of Biology, 21(3): 183-193. [In Persian with English Summary].
33. Sharafizadeh, M. 2018. Effect of Salicylic Acid and Drought Stress on Germination and Activity of Antioxidant Enzymes of Barely. Iranian Journal of Seed Science and Technology, 6(2): 161-169. [In Persian with English Summary].
34. Soltani, A. and Maddah, V. 2010. Simple applied programs for education and research in agronomy. ISSA Press, Iran, 80p. [In Persian].
35. Teixeira, I., Borem, R., Andrade, A., Araujo, G.A., Ferreira, D. and Fontes, R.L. 2004. Manganese and zinc leaf application on common bean grown on a (Cerrado) soil. Scientia Agricola, 61(1): 77-81. [DOI:10.1590/S0103-90162004000100013]
36. Yarnia, M., Savjabalaghchilar, Y. and Rahimzadeh Khoiee, F. 2011. Spraying of zinc and manganese in native plant growth during on germination of bean varieties produced in Khomeini. 2nd national conference of seed science and technology. Mashhad, Iran.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Iranian Journal of Seed Research

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.