Volume 7, Issue 2 ((Autumn & Winter) 2021)                   Iranian J. Seed Res. 2021, 7(2): 71-88 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Ganje A, Ebadie A, Parmoon G, Jahanbaksh S. Effect of Seed Priming by Salicylic Acid on Emergence Indices and Grain Weight of Wheat (Triticum aestivum Parsi var.) under Water Deficit Stress. Iranian J. Seed Res.. 2021; 7 (2) :71-88
URL: http://yujs.yu.ac.ir/jisr/article-1-420-en.html
University of Mohaghegh Ardabili , ghasem.parmoon@gmail.com
Abstract:   (465 Views)
Extended Abstract
Introduction: Water deficit stress is one of the important factors affecting seed germination. This stress decrease germination rate and affects germination percentage under high levels as well. Seed priming improves germination by changing metabolic activities before radicle emergence. This investigation was conducted to evaluate the effect of seed priming by salicylic acid on the emergence index and grain weight of spring wheat under water deficit stress.
 Material and Method: These experiments were conducted as factorial based on the completely randomized design with three replicates in the greenhouse of the Faculty of the Agriculture Sciences University of Mohaghegh Ardabili. Experiment treatments included different salicylic acid concentrations (0, 1, 2 mM) and water deficit stresses (25%, 45%, 65% and 85% Field capacity).
Result: According to results, emergence index (emergence percentage and emergence rate, uniformity emergence, and times to 10, 50, and 90% emergence) was influenced at 1% by water deficit stress. The effect of salicylic acid was significant on the emergence index. The interactions of water deficit stress and salicylic acid were effective at 1% on emergence uniformity and time to 90% emergence. Changes in plant height and heading rate were lower under water deficit stress. Also, both slope (b) and maximum content (a) decreased by water stress (22% and 7%). Priming by salicylic acid at 2 mM had the highest effect on both traits and resulted in a decrease in their slopes (17% and 13%) and an increase in their maximum content (34 and 10%). Plant dry weight was influenced by the interactions of water deficit stress and salicylic acid at 5% level. The plant's final height and grain weight was influenced by water deficit stress and salicylic acid. The highest grain weight was obtained at 80% and 60% field capacity with means of 0.79 and 0.75 g, which had no significant differences with eachother. The heights grain weight (0.72 g) was obtained by application of  2 mM salicylic acid which led to an increase of 250% compared to control.
Conclusions: Overall, we showed that water deficit stress resulted in decreased emergence rate and emergence percentage of wheat and finally declined plant growth and grain weight. Application of salicylic acid in seed priming resulted in improvement in the emergence index, growth, and grain weight of wheat. Also, the highest grain weight was observed at 2 mM concentration and it can be considered as the enhancing treatment.

1- Response of plant growth stage to stress was quantified using nonlinear regression
2- Relationship between emergence and grain weight was investigated under stress and priming by salicylic acid.
Full-Text [PDF 517 kb]   (40 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Seed Physiology
Received: 2019/05/31 | Accepted: 2020/02/10

1. Afzal, I., Basra, S.M.A., Faroog, M., and Nawaz, A. 2006. Alleviation of salinity stress in spring wheat by hormonal priming with ABA, salicylic acid and ascorbic acid. International Journal Agriculture Biology, 8(1): 23-28.
2. Aref, S., Lary yazdi, H. and Amiri, H. 2017. Interaction Copper and salicylic acid on carbohydrate content, proline, catalase activity two cultivar Vigna radiata L. Journal of Al-Zahra University (Applied Biology), 31(1): 95-111. [In Persian with English Summary].
3. Belkhadi, A., Hediji, H., Abbes, Z., Nouairi, I., Barhoumi, Z., Zarrouk, M., Chaibi, W., and Djebali, W. 2010. Effects of exogenous salicylic acid pre-treatment on cadmium toxicity and leaf lipid content in Linum usitatissimum L. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 73(5): 1004-1011. [DOI:10.1016/j.ecoenv.2010.03.009] [PMID]
4. Bradford, K.J. 1986. Manipulation of seed water relations via osmotic priming to improve germination under stress conditions. HortScience (USA), 21: 1105-1112.
5. Chaharlang Badi, F, Barry, M., Shamili, M. and Tahmasebi, Z. 2015. Effect of different salicylic acid levels on growth improvement and some physiological and biochemical indices of sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum) under salinity stress. Environmental Stresses in Agricultural Sciences, 8(2): 307-317. [In Persian with English Summary].
6. Coolbear, P. 1984. The effect of low temperature pre-sowing treatment on the germination performance and membrane integrity of artificially aged tomato seeds. Journal of Experimental Botany, 35: 1609-1617. [DOI:10.1093/jxb/35.11.1609]
7. De Figueiredo, E, Al buquerque, M.C. and De Carvalho, N.M. 2003. Effect of the type of environmental stress on the emergence of sunflower (Helianthusannus L.), soybean (Glycine max L.), and maize (Zea mays L.) seeds with different levels of vigor. Seed Science Technology, 31: 465-479. [DOI:10.15258/sst.2003.31.2.23]
8. Demir Kaya, M., Okçu, G., Atak, M., Çikili, Y. and Kolsarici, O. 2006. Seed treatment to overcome salt and drought stress during germination in sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). European Journal of Agronomy, 24(4): 291-295. [DOI:10.1016/j.eja.2005.08.001]
9. Farhadi, H. Azizi, M. and Nemat, S.H. 2017. The effect of water deficit stress on morphological characteristics and yield components of landraces (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) fenugreek eight. Journal of Crop Science Research in Arid Regions, 1(1):120-131. [In Persian with English Summary].
10. Ferast, M. 2010. Effect of water deficit stress on agronomic, physiological, and biochemical characteristics of safflower cultivars. Master's Degree in Agriculture, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Islamic Azad University, Arak Branch. 134p. [In Persian with English Summary].
11. Flexas, J., Niinemets, U., Galle, A., Barbour, M.M. and Centritto, M. 2013. Diffusional conductances to CO as a target for increasing photosynthesis and photosynthetic water-use efficiency. Photosynthesis Research, 117(1): 45-59. [DOI:10.1007/s11120-013-9844-z] [PMID]
12. Foley, J.A., Ramankutty, N., Brauman, K.A., Cassidy, E.S., Gerber, J.S., Johnston, M., and Mueller, N.D. 2011. Solutions for a cultivated planet. Nature, 478: 337-342. [DOI:10.1038/nature10452] [PMID]
13. Froodel S., Sadrabadi HaghighiR. and Nabavi CalatS. M. 2012. Effect of Seed Priming on Seedling Growth of Sesame (Sesamum Indicum L.) under Salinity Stress. Iranian Journal of Field Crops Research, 9(3):535-543. [In Persian with English Summary].
14. Gunes, A., Inal, A., Adak, M.S., Bagci, E.G., Cicek, N. and Eraslan, F. 2008. Effect of drought stress implemented at pre- or post-anthesis stage on some physiological parameters as screening criteria in chickpea cultivars. Russian Journal of Plant Physiology, 55(1): 59-67. [DOI:10.1134/S102144370801007X]
15. Izadi, Z. and Tadion, M. 2015. Effect of salicylic acid and spermine on yield and grain components of (Ricinus communis L.). under drought stress conditions. Environmental Stresses in Agricultural Sciences, 8(2): 159-167. [In Persian with English Summary].
16. Jajromy, V. 2012. Effect of drought stress on germination indices in seven wheat cultivars (T. aestivum L.). Journal Agronomy and Plant Breding, 8(4): 183-192.
17. Ji, X., Shiran, B., Wan, J., Lewis, D.C., Jenkins, C.L. D., Condon, A.G., Richards, R.A. and Dolferus, R. 2010. Importance of pre-anthesis anther sink strength for maintenance of grain number during reproductive stage water stress in wheat. Plant, Cell and Environment, 33(6): 926-942. [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-3040.2010.02130.x] [PMID]
18. Joseph, B., Jini, D., Sujatha, S. 2010. Insight in to role of exogenous salicylic acid on plant growth under salt environment. Asian Journal of Crop Science, 2(4): 226-235. [DOI:10.3923/ajcs.2010.226.235]
19. Kaydan, D., Yagmur, M. and Okut, N. 2006. Effects of salicylic acid on the growth and some physiological characters in salt stressed wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Tarim Bilimleri Dergisi, 13(2): 114-119. [DOI:10.1501/Tarimbil_0000000444]
20. Latifi, S.A. and Omidi H. 2020. Effect of priming on seed germination and rice seedling characteristics of anbarboo cultivar, under water deficit tension. Scientific Journal of Crop Physiology, 11: 5-14. [In Persian with English Summary].
21. Marchner, H. 1995. Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants. Academic Press. 889p.
22. Masouleh, S.S.S., and Sassine, Y.N. 2020. Molecular and biochemical responses of horticultural plants and crops to heat stress. Ornamental Horticulture, 26(2): 148-158. [DOI:10.1590/2447-536x.v26i2.2134]
23. Miri, H.R, Shokati, H.H. and Armin, M. 2015. Response of yield and yield components of maize under the influence of relative dryness of root and potassium fertilizer. Nursing Agriculture (Research and Development), 35-42. [In Persian with English Summary].
24. Miar Sadeghi S., Shakari F., Fotouet R. and Zangani, A. 2010. Effect of pre-treatment with salicylic acid on vigor and seedlings growth of canola under water deficit conditions. Plant Biology, 2: 55-70. [In Persian with English Summary].
25. Moosavi, A., Tavakkol Afshari, R., Sharif-Zadeh, F. and Aynehband, A. 2009. Effect of seed priming on germination characteristics, polyphenol oxidase and peroxidase activities of four amaranth cultivars. Journal Food Agricultural and Environmental, 7(3-4): 353-358.
26. Motamedi, M. and Bany Said, A.K. 2014. Effect of salicylic acid on germination and seedling growth of wheat cultivars under salt stress conditions (Triticum aestivum L.). Journal of Plant Production Sciences, 3(2): 43-57. [In Persian with English Summary].
27. Nasirzadeh, A., Hosseini Marvost, S.U. and Mazaherian, D. 2006. Effect of density on growth physiological indices in three maize cultivars in Marvast region of Yazd. Proceedings of the 9th Iranian Congress of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, University of Tehran, 234p. [In Persian with English Summary].
28. Panahyan, M. and Jamaati, S. H. 2009. Study of variation trend of growth indices in lentil under drought stress. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 3(4): 4314-4326.
29. Rafique, N., Raza, H., Qasim, M., and Iqbal, N. 2011. Pre-sowing application of ascorbic acid and salicylic acid to seed of pumpkin and seedling response to salt. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 43(6): 2677-2682.
30. Razavi, R. 2008. Effect of irrigation elimination on wheat growth stages on water consumption efficiency and its quantitative and qualitative yield. Journal of Soil and Water Sciences, 22(1): 137-144. [In Persian with English Summary].
31. Saberi, M.H., Nikkhah, H.R., Tajaly, H. and Arezjo, A. 2015. Effects of seasonal drought stress on yield and determination of the best tolerance index in promising barley strata. Agriculture (Research and Construction), 27-34. [In Persian with English Summary].
32. Shakirova, F.M., Shakhbutdinova, A.R., Bezrukova, M.V., Fatkhutdionova, R.A. and Fatkhutdionova, D.R. 2003. Changes in the hormonal status of wheat seedling induced by salicylic acid and salinity. Plant Science, 164: 317-322. [DOI:10.1016/S0168-9452(02)00415-6]
33. Shoa, M. and Miri, H. 2012. Reducing the effects of salinity stress on the morphophysiological properties of wheat through the use of salicylic acid. Electronic Journal of Crop Production, 5: 71-88. [In Persian with English Summary].
34. Singh, G. and Kaur, M. 1980. Effect of growth regulators on podding and yield of mung bean (Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek). Indian Journal Plant Physiology 23: 366-370.
35. Soltani, A., Galeshi, S. Zainali, E. and Latifi, N. 2001. Germination, seed reserve utilization and seedling growth of chickpea as affected by salinity and seed size. Seed Science and Technology, 30(1): 51-60.
36. Soltani, E. Kamkar, B. Galeshi, S. and Akramghaderi, F. 2009. The effect of seed aging on wheat emergence on the response of environmental stress. Electronic Journal of Crop Production, 2(2): 43-58. [In Persian with English Summary].
37. Soltani, E., Soltani, A. and Oveisi, M. 2013. Modeling seed aging effect on wheat seedling emergence in drought stress: Optimizing germin program to predict emergence pattern. Journal of Crops Improvement, 15(2): 147-160. [In Persian with English Summary].
38. Vakili Bostam, Sh., Ramezanpur, S.S., Soltanlou, H., Zainili-Nezhad, Kh. and Brzuy, A. 2016. Study of Drought Tolerance Characteristics in Mutagenic Wheat Line at Germination and Adult Plants. Environmental stresses in Agricultural Sciences, 10(1): 45-53. [In Persian with English Summary].
39. Zaki, R.N. and Radwan, T.E. 2011. Improving wheat grain yield and its quality under salinity conditions at a newly reclaimed soil by using different organic sources as soil or foliar applications. Journal of Applied Sciences Research, 7: 42-55.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

© 2021 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Iranian Journal of Seed Research

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.