Volume 7, Issue 2 ((Autumn & Winter) 2021)                   Iranian J. Seed Res. 2021, 7(2): 71-88 | Back to browse issues page

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Ganje A, Ebadie A, Parmoon G, Jahanbaksh S. Effect of Seed Priming by Salicylic Acid on Emergence Indices and Grain Weight of Wheat (Triticum aestivum Parsi var.) under Water Deficit Stress. Iranian J. Seed Res.. 2021; 7 (2) :71-88
URL: http://yujs.yu.ac.ir/jisr/article-1-420-en.html
University of Mohaghegh Ardabili , ghasem.parmoon@gmail.com
Abstract:   (465 Views)
Extended Abstract
Introduction: Water deficit stress is one of the important factors affecting seed germination. This stress decrease germination rate and affects germination percentage under high levels as well. Seed priming improves germination by changing metabolic activities before radicle emergence. This investigation was conducted to evaluate the effect of seed priming by salicylic acid on the emergence index and grain weight of spring wheat under water deficit stress.
 Material and Method: These experiments were conducted as factorial based on the completely randomized design with three replicates in the greenhouse of the Faculty of the Agriculture Sciences University of Mohaghegh Ardabili. Experiment treatments included different salicylic acid concentrations (0, 1, 2 mM) and water deficit stresses (25%, 45%, 65% and 85% Field capacity).
Result: According to results, emergence index (emergence percentage and emergence rate, uniformity emergence, and times to 10, 50, and 90% emergence) was influenced at 1% by water deficit stress. The effect of salicylic acid was significant on the emergence index. The interactions of water deficit stress and salicylic acid were effective at 1% on emergence uniformity and time to 90% emergence. Changes in plant height and heading rate were lower under water deficit stress. Also, both slope (b) and maximum content (a) decreased by water stress (22% and 7%). Priming by salicylic acid at 2 mM had the highest effect on both traits and resulted in a decrease in their slopes (17% and 13%) and an increase in their maximum content (34 and 10%). Plant dry weight was influenced by the interactions of water deficit stress and salicylic acid at 5% level. The plant's final height and grain weight was influenced by water deficit stress and salicylic acid. The highest grain weight was obtained at 80% and 60% field capacity with means of 0.79 and 0.75 g, which had no significant differences with eachother. The heights grain weight (0.72 g) was obtained by application of  2 mM salicylic acid which led to an increase of 250% compared to control.
Conclusions: Overall, we showed that water deficit stress resulted in decreased emergence rate and emergence percentage of wheat and finally declined plant growth and grain weight. Application of salicylic acid in seed priming resulted in improvement in the emergence index, growth, and grain weight of wheat. Also, the highest grain weight was observed at 2 mM concentration and it can be considered as the enhancing treatment.

Highlights:
1- Response of plant growth stage to stress was quantified using nonlinear regression
2- Relationship between emergence and grain weight was investigated under stress and priming by salicylic acid.
Full-Text [PDF 517 kb]   (40 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Seed Physiology
Received: 2019/05/31 | Accepted: 2020/02/10

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