Volume 3, Issue 1 ((Spring and Summer) 2016)                   Iranian J. Seed Res. 2016, 3(1): 147-158 | Back to browse issues page

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Fakhari F, Sadeghi H. The Effect of Seed Pod Removal on Salinity Tolerance of Annual Medic (Medicago scutellata) at the Germination Stage. Iranian J. Seed Res.. 2016; 3 (1) :147-158
URL: http://yujs.yu.ac.ir/jisr/article-1-166-en.html
Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Engineering, College of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran , sadeghih@shirazu.ac.ir
Abstract:   (34674 Views)

There have been a few studies on removing the seed pods in annual medics, despite its importance. To investigate the role of pod removal on seed germination, seedling growth and antioxidant enzyme activities in annual medic (Medicago scutellata L.) Under salt stress, a factorial experiment was conducted based on a completely randomized design with four replications in 2014. Salinity at 5 levels: 0.62 (tap water as a control), 3, 6, 9 and 12 dS m-1 was applied using sodium chloride. The results showed that salt stress caused changes in the characteristics of germination, seedling growth and antioxidant enzyme activities. With increasing in salinity levels, rate and percentage of germination as well as root length, shoot length and seedling weight was significantly decreased. However, increasing salinity levels increased the activity of antioxidant enzymes. Germination and growth in seed without pod was greater than those in seeds with pod; however, there were no significant differences between antioxidant enzyme activity; except about ascorbic peroxide that was significantly higher in seed without a pod. In general, salinity reduced germination and growth and increased antioxidant enzyme activity of annual medics. The results showed that planting seeds without pod had advantages for better germination and growth, especially under saline conditions.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Seed Physiology
Received: 2015/10/17 | Accepted: 2016/01/26

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