Volume 3, Issue 1 ((Spring and Summer) 2016)                   Iranian J. Seed Res. 2016, 3(1): 85-98 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Yanegh A, Khajehosseini M. Controlled Deterioration Test as a Method for Vigor Assessment and Emergence Predicting of Oilseed Rape (Brassica napus) Seeds in the Field. Iranian J. Seed Res.. 2016; 3 (1) :85-98
URL: http://yujs.yu.ac.ir/jisr/article-1-129-en.html
Ferdowsi University of Mashhad-Faculty of Agriculture-Department of Agronomy, Mashhad, Iran , ab_yanegh@mail.um.ac.ir
Abstract:   (30552 Views)

The need to identifying seeds with low vigor and poor emergence led to introduce of various seed vigor tests. The purpose of this experiment was to assess the ability of controlled deterioration test for evaluation of seed vigor and prediction of oilseed rape seed lots emergence in the field. Samples of 19 seed lots were obtained from nineteen farmers of Razavi and Northern Khorasan Provinces, which have been cultivated during 2009-2010 growth season, set to physiological germination test before and after controlled deterioration (CD). The estimating of seedling emergence percentage of each seed lot in the field calculated 30 days after sowing. The correlation between laboratory results before and after CD of seeds and field emergence showed that correlation of final germination, normal seedlings and mean germination time before CD with emergence in the field respectively with 0.072, 0.24 and 0.042 correlation coefficient, were not significant, but laboratory results after CD had significant correlation with emergence of seed lots in the field. As, final germination, normal seedlings and mean germination time respectively with 0.57, 0.51 and 0.49 correlation coefficient predict emergence percentage of seed lots in the field. The high correlation between laboratory results after controlled deteriorated test with the seedling emergence in the field indicated that the CD test is able to assess the field emergence of oilseed rape seed lots before sowing.

Full-Text [PDF 370 kb]   (3129 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Seed Physiology
Received: 2015/05/20 | Accepted: 2015/09/22

References
1. Agarwal, V.K. 2006. Seed health. International Book Distributing Publishers. New York.
2. Basak, O, Demir, I., Mavi, K., and Matthews, S. 2006. Controlled deterioration test for predicting seedling emergence and longevity of pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) seed lots. Seed Science and Technology, 34(3): 723-734. [DOI:10.15258/sst.2006.34.3.16]
3. Begum, H., Lavania, M.L., and Ratna-Babu, G.H.V. 1998. Seed studies in Papaya. II. Effects of pre-soaking treatments with gibberellic acid and thiourea on germination and vigour of aged seed. Seed Research, 16(1): 51-56.
4. Bennett, M.A., Grassbaugh, E.M., Evans, A.F., and Kleinhenz, M.D. 2004 Saturated salt accelerated aging (SSAA) and other vigor tests for vegetable seeds. Journal of Seed Technology, 1: 67-74.
5. Carmody, P., and Herbert, A. 2001. Profitable canola production in the great southern and lakes district. Bulletin, 4411.
6. Demir, I., and Mavi, K. 2008. Seed vigour evaluation of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) seeds in relation to seedling emergence. Research Journal of Seed Science, 1(1): 19-25. [DOI:10.3923/rjss.2008.19.25]
7. Demir, I., Ermis, S., Okcu, G., and Matthews, S. 2005. Vigour tests for predicting seedling emergence of aubergine (Solanum melongena L.) seed lots. Seed Science and Technology, 33(2): 481-484. [DOI:10.15258/sst.2005.33.2.20]
8. Demir, I., Ermis, S., Mavi, K., and Matthews, S. 2008. Mean germination time of pepper seed lots (Capsicum annuum L.) predicts size and uniformity of seedlings in germination tests and transplant modules. Seed Science and Technology, 36: 21-31. [DOI:10.15258/sst.2008.36.1.02]
9. Desai, B.B., Kotecha, P.M., and Salunkhe, D.K. 1997. Seeds handbook: biology, production, processing, and storage. Books in soils, plants, and the environment (USA).
10. Erker, B. 2001. Improve yield with high quality seed. Crop Series, 303: 63-69.
11. FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization). 2004. Data stst year.
12. FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization). 2013. Data stst year.
13. Grassbough, E.M., and Bennett, M.A. 1998. Factors affecting vegetable stand establishment. Science Agriculture, 55: 116-120. [DOI:10.1590/S0103-90161998000500021]
14. Gurusamy, C. 1999. Effect of stage of harvesting on seed yield and quality of cauliflower. Seed Science and Technology, 27: 927-936.
15. Hadas, A. 2004. Seedbed preparation: The soil physical environment of germinating seeds. Handbook of seed physiology: Applications to Agriculture.
16. Hampton, J. 1995. Methods of viability and vigour testing: a critical appraisal. In seed quality: basic mechanisms and agricultural implications (ed). 112-152.
17. ISTA. 2011. International Rules for Seed Testing Edition 2011. International Seed Testing Association, Bassersdorf, Switzerland.
18. Khajeh-Hosseini, M., Lomholt, A., and Mat‌thews, S. 2009. Mean germination time in the laboratory estimates the relative vigour and field performance of commercial seed lots of maize (Zea mays L.). Seed Science and Technology, 37: 446-456. [DOI:10.15258/sst.2009.37.2.17]
19. Khajeh-Hosseini, M., Nasehzadeh, M., and Matthews, S. 2010. Rate of physiological germination relates to the percentage of normal seedlings in standard germination tests of naturally aged seed lots of oilseed rape. Seed Science and Technology, 38: 602-611 [DOI:10.15258/sst.2010.38.3.08]
20. Larsen, S.U., Poulseu, F.V., Erikson, E.N., and Pederson, H. 1998. The influences of seed vigour on field performance and the evaluation of the applicability of the controlled deterioration vigour test in oilseed rape (Brassica napus) and pea (Pisum sativum). Seed Science and Technology, 26(3): 627-641.
21. Lovato, A., and Cagalli, S. 1993. Sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) seed vigour compared in laboratory and field tests. Seed Science and Technology, 21: 61-67.
22. Marshall, A.H, and Nylore, R.E.L. 1984. Reasons for the poor establishment of direct reseeded grass. Annals of Applied Biology, 105: 87-96. [DOI:10.1111/j.1744-7348.1984.tb02805.x]
23. Matthews, S., and Khajeh-Hosseini, M. 2007. Mean germination time as an indicator of emergence performance in soil of seed lots of maize (Zea mays). Seed Science and Technology, 34: 339-347. [DOI:10.15258/sst.2006.34.2.09]
24. Matthews, S., and Powell, A. 2011. Towards automated single counts of radicle emergence to predict seed and seedling vigour. Seed Testing International, 142: 44-48.
25. Powell, A.A., and Matthews, S. 1981. Evaluation of controlled deterioration, a new vigour test for crop seeds. Seed Science and Technology, 9: 633- 640.
26. Powell, A.A., and Matthews, S. 1992. Seed vigour and its measurement. In: Agrawal PK, Dadlani, M. eds. Techniques in Seed Science and Technology. Newdelhi: South Asian Publishers, 98-108.
27. Powell, A. A., and Matthews, S. 2005. Towards the validation of the controlled deterioration vigour test for small seeded vegetables. Seed Testing International, 129: 21-24.
28. Powell, A.A., Thornton, J.M., and Mitchell, J.A. 1991. Vigour differences in Brassica seed and their significance to emergence and seedling variability. Journal of Agricultural Science, 116: 369-373. [DOI:10.1017/S0021859600078187]
29. Roberts, E.H., and Osei-Bonsu, K. 1988. Seed and seedling vigour. In: World Crops: Cool Season Food Legumes. (ed. R.J. Summerfield). Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, the Netherlamds, 879-910. [DOI:10.1007/978-94-009-2764-3_71]
30. Steiner, A.M., and Stahl, M. 2002. Vigour rating of rye varietal categories (Secale cereale L.) using controlled deterioration testing. Seed Science and Technology, 30: 219-222.
31. Stryodam, A., and Van De Venter, H.A. 1998. Comparisons of seed vigour tests for cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata). Seed Science and Technology, 26: 579-585.
32. Tekrony, D.M. 2003. Precision is an essential component in seed vigour testing. Seed Science and Technology, 31: 435-447. [DOI:10.15258/sst.2003.31.2.20]
33. Wilson, D.O.J., Alleyne, J.C., Shaffii, B. and Mohan, S.K. 1992. Combining vigour test results for prediction of final stand of shrunken-2 sweet corn seed. Crop Science, 32: 1496-1502. [DOI:10.2135/cropsci1992.0011183X003200060038x]
34. Wang, Y.R., Hampton, J.G., and Hill, M.J. 1994. Red clover vigour testing, effects of three test variables. Seed Science and Technology, 22: 99-105.
35. Zaman-Khan, A., Hamayoon, K., Rozina, K., and Aziz, A. 2007. Vigor tests used to rank seed lot quality and predict field emergence in wheat. American Journal of Plant Physiology, 2(5): 311-317. [DOI:10.3923/ajpp.2007.311.317]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Iranian Journal of Seed Research

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.