Volume 3, Issue 1 ((Spring and Summer) 2016)                   Iranian J. Seed Res. 2016, 3(1): 75-84 | Back to browse issues page


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Farhadi N, Estaji A, Alizadeh Salteh S. The Effect of Pretreatment of Salicylic Acid on Seed Germination of Milk thistle (Silybum marianum cv. Budakalaszi) Under Salinity and Drought Stress. Iranian J. Seed Res.. 2016; 3 (1) :75-84
URL: http://yujs.yu.ac.ir/jisr/article-1-114-en.html
Department of Horticultural Sciences, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran , s.alizadeh@tabrizu.ac.ir
Abstract:   (39661 Views)

The seed pretreatment with salicylic acid has an important role in improving seed germination and increasing plant resistance to environmental stresses. This study was performed to investigate the effect of salicylic acid on seed germination of Milk thistle under salinity and drought stress. A factorial experiment was conducted in a completely randomized design with three replications. Treatments consisted of 4 levels of salicylic acid (0, 100, 200 and 300 mg/l) and four levels of each drought and salinity stress (0, - 4, - 6, - 8 Bar). The results showed an interaction effect between pretreatment with salicylic acid and drought and salinity stresses was significant at the 1 % level. On high salinity level (-8 Bar), seed germination percentage and rate, root and shoot length, fresh and seedling dry weight reduced significantly. The short length, fresh weight and percent germination reduced in all three levels of drought stress. Pretreatment with salicylic acid (200 and 300 mg/L) significantly reduce the harmful effects of drought and salinity stress (-6 and -8 Bar) on germination and seedling growth parameters of Milk thistle. The results of this experiment showed that seed treatment with salicylic acid can lead to increase the resistance of Milk thistle to salinity and drought stress in seed germination.

Full-Text [PDF 247 kb]   (3049 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Seed Physiology
Received: 2015/03/24 | Accepted: 2015/10/18

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