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Showing 6 results for Seed Size

Shayeste Bemany, Batool Mahdavi, Benyamin Torabi,
Volume 2, Issue 1 (9-2015)

In order to study the effect of alkaline stress on seed germination and seedling biochemical characteristics of two safflower cultivars, a laboratory experiment was conducted based on a completely randomized design with three replications in the Vali-e-Asr University of Rafsanjan. Experimental factors included the levels of alkaline with sodium bicarbonate (0, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 and 60 mM) and two cultivars of safflower (Soffeh and 411). The result showed that alkaline stress had significant effects on seed germination characteristics. Increasing alkaline stress reduced percentage and rate of germination, length and dry weights of shoots and roots, K+ concentration and K+/Na+. However, alkaline increased malondialdehyde content, proline, total carbohydrate and Na+ concentration. In alkaline stress condition, there was a significant difference between cultivars in length of shoots and roots, proline content and K+ concentration. 411 cultivar showed notable superiority compared to Soffeh cultivar. Both cultivars had the highest malondialdehyde at 60 mM alkalinity and the lowest malondialdehyde obtained in Soffeh cultivar and control. The result of this research showed that 411 cultivar was better than Soffeh cultivar in proline and soluble sugar content, but these two cultivars had no significant differences in other traits.

Ali Ghatei, Ghasem Parmoon, Zahra Amin Deldar, Hadi Ghamary,
Volume 2, Issue 2 (3-2016)

In order to evaluate the effect of hydropriming on seed germination of Vigna radiata under salinity stress, an experiment was arranged in a factorial based on a completely randomized design with three replications in the laboratory of the Agricultural College of the University of Ramin Khuzestan. Treatments were salinity stress at 4 levels (0, 3, 6 and 9 Mmhos) and hydro priming at 3 levels (1, 1.5 and 3 h) and two sizes of seed (small and large seeds) that was carried out by NaCl. Results showed that all of the germination characteristics decreased with increased salinity, but this decrement for seeds that primed at a long time, was less. Also at all characteristics, small seeds, showed better reactions than large seeds. Generally, hydropriming was improved germination characteristics of Vigna radiata under saline conditions. According to this experiment, hydropriming improved germination and establishment.

Bita Oskouei, Eslam Majidi-Hervan, Aidin Hamidi, Foad Moradi, Ali Moghaddam,
Volume 2, Issue 2 (3-2016)

This experiment was conducted as a factorial experiment based on a completely randomized design with three replications at two locations: Agricultural and natural resource center of Ardebil province (Moghan) and seed and plant certification and registration institute of Karaj in 2013. The treatments included: planting date in three levels (10-May, 25-May and 9-Jun), seed moisture content at harvest time in four levels (30%, 25, 20 and 15) and seed size in three levels (flat, round and medium). The measured traits were a standard germination test, mean time of germination, seedling weight and length vigor index, germination percent in radical emergence test and germination percent in cold test. The results illustrated that delayed planting caused reduction of seed quality and this reduction was more obvious in delayed harvest (15%), also the reduction rate in round seeds was more than flattered and medium seeds. The minimum percentage of germination and vigor were seen in round seeds of third planting date and moisture harvest by 15%. So it is recommended for corn seed production to sow the seeds before the last week of May and when seed moisture content reached 30 percent, cob harvesting should be started and the harvest not is delayed.

Somayeh Rastegar, Akbar Peikari,
Volume 3, Issue 1 (9-2016)

In order to study the salt tolerance of three species, Coreopsis grandiflora, Celosia cristata and Matthiola incana in germination stage, an experiment was carried out based on a completely randomized design with three replications in Hormozgan University laboratory in 2015. Salinity levels, including 3, 6, 9, and 12 dS/m were applied by dilution seawater and distilled water used as a control. In this research, some seed germination indices such as germination percentage, germination rate and mean germination time, length, fresh and dry weight of seedling, seed vigor germination, were measured. Germination percentage, germination rate, seed vigor and dry weight of Coreopsis grandiflora seedling, were significantly different compared with control. In Celosia cristata, germination percent, seed vigor germination and seedling length didn’t show a significant difference in 9 dS/m salinity. In more characters, significant increases were seen with increasing salinity (9 dS/m). Germination percentage was decreased in comparisons with control (24.6%). In addition, the fresh and dry weight of seedling didn’t show a significant difference. The effect of salinity on seed germination of Matthiola incana in a different level of salinity was not significant. Although seed germination decreases gradually by salinity. In general, according to the observed results, Coreopsis grandiflora and Celosia cristata showed more tolerance to salt in comparison with Matthiola incana.

Mehri Khesht Zar, Mehran Sharafi Zad, Jafar Ghasemi Ranjbar,
Volume 4, Issue 1 (9-2017)

To investigate the role of seed size on maize germination characteristics, an experiment was conducted in 2014 in the Laboratory of Registration and Certification of Seeds and Plants, Khuzestan Branch. Treatments included three levels of seed size (control (mixed), large and small) and hybrids at three levels (KSC704, Karun and Mobin). The results of these experiments showed that the hybrid had a significant impact on germination percentage, the rate of germination, vigor index, root and shoot length and dry weight of seedling. In addition, the highest germination (94.3%), the rate of germination (8.4 seeds per day), vigor index (37.6), shoot length (21 cm), root fresh weight (3.1 gr) and dry weight of seedlings (0.59 g) affected by seed size belonged to the Karun hybrid. Generally speaking, in terms of germination and seedling growth, there were differences among the three groups of maize seeds. Out of the hybrids scrutinized, Karun hybrid was a better one in terms of germination and growth of seedlings.

  1.  Due to higher storage capacity, the use of large seeds brings about increases in the seedling germination rate and their establishment in the field
  2. The use of large seeds with more seed vigor decreases competition between seedlings and reduces vapor from the field.

Seyyed Ali Noorhosseini, Mohammad Naghi Safarzadeh, Seyyed Mustafa Sadeghi,
Volume 4, Issue 2 (3-2018)

To study the effect of production region and seed size on germination indices and heterotrophic growth components of peanut seedling, a study was performed in three peanut fields in Astaneh Ashrafieh and Agronomy Laboratory of Rasht Islamic Azad University from 2010 to 2012. This research was carried out using the standard germination, cold and accelerated aging tests. Tests were performed using factorial experiment with a completely randomized block design in 3 replications. The first factor was seed production region in 3 levels (Noghredeh, Amshal and Bandar-Kiyashahr) and the second factor was seed weight in 3 levels [large, medium and small]. The results indicated that the effect of production region on the germination speed (p<0.01) and coefficient of uniformity of germination (p<0.05) was significant so that the maximum means (6.17 and 18.11 day-1, respectively) were achieved in seeds produced in Amshal. The effect of the interaction of the region and seed size on the mean germination speed was significant so that the maximum mean (282.22) was achieved in large seeds produced in Amshal. The effect of production region on the seed reserve use rate was significant in standard germination (p<0.01) and cold tests (p<0.05). The effect of seed size on the seed reserve use rate and seed use reserve fraction were significant (P<0.01) in all the three germination tests. The maximum amount of seed reserve use rate was achieved in seeds produced in the Amshal region (in standard and cold tests with averages of 0.562 and 0.440, respectively). In addition, the maximum amount of seed reserve use rate was achieved in large seeds (with averages of 0.541, 0.470 and 0.277 mg per seed in standard, cold and aging tests, respectively). The maximum seed use reserve fraction was achieved in small seeds (with averages of 1.371, 1.310 and 1.664 in standard, cold and aging tests, respectively).



  1. Peanut seed germination tests were performed based on seed production regions and seed sizes.
  2. Three different vigour tests (standard, aging, cold) were used to identify higher quality seeds.
  3. Germination indices indicated high quality in large seeds produced in different environmental conditions.
  4. Large seeds had the maximum seed reserve use rate and minimum seed use reserve fraction at the germination stage of peanuts.

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