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Showing 4 results for Seyed Sharifi

Mohammad Sedghi, Farzaneh Hasani, Raouf Seyed Sharifi,
Volume 1, Issue 2 ((Autumn & Winter) 2015)
Abstract

Application of zinc can improve the tolerance and resistance of plants especially sunflower to environmental stresses and be effective on kernel set and yield. To investigate the effects of zinc oxide nanoparticles on the length, effective period, the rate of kernel filling and kernel weight in sunflower cultivars, a factorial experiment based on randomized complete block design with three replications was conducted at the University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran. Treatments were three sunflower cultivars as Aline 191, Aline 122 and Farrokh and three concentrations of nano zinc oxide including 0, 0.5 and 1 g lit-1 which sprayed at three stages. Results showed that interaction of cultivar and nano zinc oxide was significant on kernel filling rate, the effective period of kernel filling, maximum kernel weight and duration of kernel filling. The rate of filling and maximum kernel weight increased with 0.5 g lit-1 spraying of Nano zinc oxide in Aline 191 and 122, but in Farrokh cultivar was significantly reduced in comparison to the control. Also, no significant difference was found between 0, 0.5 and 1 g lit-1 of nano zinc oxide on kernel filling rate, effective kernel-filling period and duration in Farrokh cultivar. In conclusion, foliar application of zinc oxide nanoparticles led to the improvement of kernel weight and their filling parameters and the more appropriate response was observed in foreign cultivars for this treatment, while final kernel weight decreased in Farrokh cultivar. Therefore, it can be used 0.5 g lit-1 of nano zinc oxide for increasing grain yield in foreign cultivars of Aline.

Effat Ghaviazm, Mohammad Sedghi, Raouf Seyed Sharifi,
Volume 2, Issue 2 ((Autumn & Winter) 2016)
Abstract

Marigold (Calendula officinalis) is a medicinal plant belonging to the Asteraceae family, which seems necessary the review of its various features especially the improvement of reproduction in order to the development of vegetation and extraction of raw pharmaceutics materials. In order to study the effects of seed hardening on the quality of seeds harvested from different positions of inflorescence on the storability of pot marigold, an experiment conducted at the University of Mohaghegh Ardabili in 2011. Seeds hardened before planting with CaCl2 2% and distilled water. At harvest, the seeds collected from both inner and outer regions of the inflorescence from storage experiments in the laboratory. Harvested seeds stored for six months at 40°C. Then an experiment conducted as factorial based on a completely randomizes design with four replications at the laboratory. Results showed that the highest germination percentage (96%), rate (3.91 day-1), radicle length (5.71 cm) and seed residual dry weight (0.061 g) were related to outer positioned seeds. The highest plumule length (4.79 cm) and seedling dry weight (0.016 g) obtained from outer seeds hardened with distilled water. In conclusion, for best stability results of pot marigold seeds, it is recommended to harden seeds before planting with water and harvest outer seeds from the inflorescence.

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Ali Namvar, Raouf Seyed Sharifi, Hashem Hadi,
Volume 4, Issue 2 ((Autumn & Winter) 2018)
Abstract

In order to study the effects of different levels of salinity on germination components of wheat cultivars, a factorial experiment was conducted based on a completely randomized design with three replications. Experimental factors were wheat cultivars at eight levels (Saysons, Gaspard, Finkan, MV-17, Chamran, Sardari, Atila-4 and Azar-2) and six levels of salinity (0, 25, 50, 100, 150 and 200 mM NaCl). The results indicated that salinity had significant effects on all of the traits studied (i.e., radicle length and dry weight, plumule length and dry weight, remaining seed weight after germination, seedling weight, the longest radicle and plumule, number of radicle per seed, ratio of radicle weight to plumule weight and rate, and uniformity and percentage of germination). All of these traits declined with an increase in the salinity (except the ratio of radicle weight to plumule weight, remaining seed weight after germination and seedling weight). The highest ratio of radicle weight to plumule weight, remaining seed weight after germination and seedling weight were recorded in the salinity of 200 mM NaCl. The cultivars showed significant effects on all of the traits studied (except remaining seed weight after germination and seedling weight). Chamran cultivar showed the highest number of radicle per seed, the ratio of radicle weight to plumule weight, rate and percentage of germination. The highest radicle length and the longest radicle were obtained from the Sardari cultivar while in Azar-2 cultivar it was vice versa in plumule. Atila-4 cultivar showed the highest radicle and plumule weight. It seems that compared with other cultivars, out of the cultivars studied, Chamran, Azar-2, Sardari and Atila-4 were more resistant to salinity stress.

 
 Highlights:

  1. Introduction of wheat cultivars with more tolerance to salinity conditions at germination stage.
  2. Study of eight different wheat cultivars in terms of germination indices under salinity stress conditions.

Narjes Hojati Fahim, Mohamad Sedghi, Mehrdad Chaeichi, Rraouf Seyed Sharifi,
Volume 6, Issue 1 ((Spring and Summer) 2019)
Abstract

DOR: 98.1000/2383-1251.1398.6.77.11.1. 1575.1605

Extended Abstract
Introduction: Iran is located in the arid and semi-arid regions of the world with an average rainfall of 240 mm per year, which requires rethinking of the adoption of methods. One of the alternative ways is to use organic and biological fertilizers. Biological fertilizers are considered as the main and the most important factor in the integrated management of plant foods for sustainable agriculture as they play an important role in product improvement and efficiency. Therefore, this research was carried out with the aim of investigating the effect of seed pre-treatment with some organic and biological fertilizers in rainfed wheat.
Materials and Methods: A factorial experiment with three replications was conducted at the Laboratory of Seed and Plant Certification and Registration of the Center of Agriculture and Natural Resources Research located in Hamedan. Seed inoculation was considered in 5 levels (Seafull, Disper Root Gs., Bio-Health, Trichodermin and control) on 8 different rainfed wheat cultivars (Azar-2, Hashtrood, Baran, Rasad, Owhadi, Sardari, Takab and Homa). First, the seeds were disinfected with sodium hypochlorite, and were then cultured in special containers and were placed in the germinator at 20 ° C. After 4 and 8 days, the number of germinated seeds was counted. Germination seeds were counted in each treatment and germination indices such as germination rate, average daily germination, coefficient germination rate, longitudinal vigor index, weight vigor index, seedling fresh weight, root length/shoot ratio, shoot fresh weight, root fresh weight, seed reserve utilization rate, seed reserve utilization efficiency, fraction utilization seed reserve, seed dry weight were calculated.
Results: With application of different levels of fertilizer, the rate of germination treatment Homa×Bio-Health (155%), average daily germination treatment Hashtrood×Bio-Health (69%), coefficient germination rate treatment Owhadi×Disper Root Gs (60%), longitudinal vigor index treatment Owhadi×Bio-Health (108%), weight vigor index treatment Homa×Bio-Health (64%), root fresh weight treatment Hashtrood×Disper Root Gs (106%), shoot fresh weight treatment Hashtrood×Seafull (23%), seedling fresh weight treatment Homa×Bio-Health (42%), root length/shoot ratio treatment Owhadi×Trichodermin (75%), seed reserve utilization rate treatment Homa×Bio-Health (118%), and fraction utilization seed reserve treatment Homa×Bio-Health (119%) increased, compared with the control. In addition, the application of Bio-Health fertilizer and Hashtrood cultivar had the highest amount in almost all the mentioned attributes
Conclusion: Investigation of the different levels of fertilization showed that in most of the indices related to germination and heterotrophic growth of seedling, pretreatment with Bio-Health biofertilizer had a significant difference with other fertilizer levels.
 
 
Highlights:
  1. Evaluation of germination indices for recent cultivars of rainfed wheat, released by rainfed Research Institute of Iran.
  2. Investigating and comparing fertilizers with various multifactorial compounds (fungi and bacteria) and with each other.
  3. Conducting research on commercial compounds and comparison of live biochemical and non-organic matters in a single experiment.


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