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Effat GhaviAzm, Mohammad Sedghi, Raouf Seyed Sharifi,
Volume 2, Issue 2 ((Autumn & Winter) 2016)

Marigold (Calendula officinalis) is a medicinal plant belonging to the Asteraceae family, which seems necessary the review of its various features especially the improvement of reproduction in order to the development of vegetation and extraction of raw pharmaceutics materials. In order to study the effects of seed hardening on the quality of seeds harvested from different positions of inflorescence on the storability of pot marigold, an experiment conducted at the University of Mohaghegh Ardabili in 2011. Seeds hardened before planting with CaCl2 2% and distilled water. At harvest, the seeds collected from both inner and outer regions of the inflorescence from storage experiments in the laboratory. Harvested seeds stored for six months at 40°C. Then an experiment conducted as factorial based on a completely randomizes design with four replications at the laboratory. Results showed that the highest germination percentage (96%), rate (3.91 day-1), radicle length (5.71 cm) and seed residual dry weight (0.061 g) were related to outer positioned seeds. The highest plumule length (4.79 cm) and seedling dry weight (0.016 g) obtained from outer seeds hardened with distilled water. In conclusion, for best stability results of pot marigold seeds, it is recommended to harden seeds before planting with water and harvest outer seeds from the inflorescence.


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