Search published articles


Showing 2 results for Esfahani

Sahar Mohammadiyan, Maryam Nasr Esfahani,
Volume 3, Issue 1 ((Spring and Summer) 2016)
Abstract

Efficient seed germination and rapid and uniform seedling emergence are important in commercial agriculture. Therefore, the use of strategies to improve germination and seedling establishment is necessary for increasing productivity. Hydropriming has been suggested as a simple pre-germination strategy to improve seed performance. In this study, the effects of different durations of hydropriming (10, 24, 48 and 72 hours) at different temperatures (10 and 25 ˚C) compared to unprimed seeds on the vigor and germination performance of five milk thistle accessions (Ahvaz, Sari, Esfahan, Dezfol and Gachsaran) were evaluated. An experiment was conducted as a factorial experiment based on a completely randomized design with three replications. Germination performance was evaluated by final germination percentage, mean daily germination, mean germination time, the coefficient of germination, Timson's index, time to reach 50% the final germination percentage, germination value, coefficient of uniformity of germination, length and dry weight of seedlings and vigor index. The results show that germination capacity, germination rate and seedling vigor indexes increase significantly in hydro primed seeds at a temperature of 10˚C, whereas a decrease in hydro primed seeds at a temperature of 25˚C. Our results also show that the efficacy of hydropriming on seedling emergence and vigor traits depends on the priming duration and temperature. Hydropriming at 10˚C indicated the most effective on germination indicators and seedling vigor when compared to unprimed seeds. In addition, the comparison of germination and growth indicators in different durations of hydropriming in five milk thistle accessions indicated that the best duration of hydropriming for Ahvaz and Gajsaran is 72h, for Sari and Dezfol is 48 and 72h and for Esfahan is 10 and 24h. Therefore, the effect of hydropriming on germination performance and seedling vigor depends on plant association and hydropriming time and therefore, the selection of the best condition for hydropriming will improve the seed germinability and vigor.


Seyedeh Arhameh Fallah-Shamsi, Hemmatollah Pirdashti, Aliakbar Ebadi, Masoud Esfahani, Mahmood Raeini,
Volume 4, Issue 1 ((Spring and Summer) 2017)
Abstract

In order to study drought stress effect at the reproductive stage on seed germination characteristics of seven rice genotypes, an experiment was carried out at Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University in 2014. This study was conducted on drought-stressed seeds and seeds grown under normal conditions. The results of orthogonal mean comparison among non-stressed seeds showed that local genotypes had a lower germination index, germination rate, water percentage of seedling tissue, shoot length and root dry weight than the improved genotypes. Among stressed seeds, however, local genotypes had a higher germination index and germination rates than those of improved genotypes. Comparison of non-stressed seeds of susceptible and tolerant genotypes indicated that susceptible genotypes had a higher germination index, germination rate and germination percentage than tolerant genotypes. On the other hand, the comparison of the stressed seeds of susceptible and tolerant genotypes revealed that drought stress increased the time to 10, 50, 90 and 95% germination, water percentage of seedling tissue and plantlet length in susceptible genotypes, which were higher than those of tolerant genotypes. In conclusion, it seems that drought stress at reproductive stage has a significant effect on germination characteristics of the plant’s following generation. However, their responses are different, depending on the level tolerance of the genotype to stress and genetic origin.

Highlights: 
1-  Drought stress at reproductive stage has a significant effect on germination characteristics of the following generation of the rice plant.
2-  Among stressed seeds, local genotypes have a higher germination index and germination rates than those of the improved genotypes.
3-  Drought stress increases the time of germination in susceptible genotypes, which is higher than that in the tolerant genotypes.


Page 1 from 1     

© 2019 All Rights Reserved | Iranian Journal of Seed Research

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.