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Showing 5 results for Germination Uniformity

Zeinab Alipoor, Sohrab Mahmodi,
Volume 2, Issue 1 (9-2015)

Due to the importance of medicinal plants, understanding the seed germination response to temperature is agronomically important. A laboratory study was conducted to investigate the effect of different temperatures on seed germination of fennel, cannabis and sesame in a completely randomized design with four replications. Various constant temperatures (5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35 and 40°C) were considered. According to the results, the effect of temperature on germination rate and percentage in all species was significant. The seeds of fennel were not germinated in 5, 35 and 40 0C and seeds of sesame germinated only in 5 0C. The maximum rate of germination obtained in 30 °C for fennel and 25 °C for sesame and cannabis. The highest germination percentage of fennel and cannabis and sesame were in 20, 25 and 30 0C respectively. The lowest of germination uniformity (GU) were observed in 20 0C for fennel and in 15 0C for cannabis and sesame. Amount of seedling vigor maximized for fennel and cannabis in 250C and for sesame in the 300C. The values of length and weight of radical and plumule were enhanced with the increase of temperature and record on maximum in special temperature and then reduced slowly. The quantitative information provided by this study can be used in prediction of emergence under diverse temperature conditions. Germination of cannabis seeds occurred in a wide range of temperatures and this seed are less sensitive to temperature compared to the other two plants. Germination of fennel seeds was less, except at 200C. The sesame seeds had good germination at 15-35 0C.

Zeinab Alipoor, Sohrab Mahmodi,
Volume 2, Issue 2 (2-2016)

In order to determinate the cardinal temperatures and investigate the effect of temperature on seed germination and seedling growth of Securigera securidaca, a study was conducted in a completely randomized design with 8 temperature treatments (5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35 and 40oC) and four replications in research laboratory of faculty of agriculture at the Birjand University in 2013. A two-segmented linear regression model was fitted between germination rate and temperatures to determine cardinal temperatures for germination. Cardinal (minimum, optimum and maximum) temperatures of germination were determined as -1, 22.5 and 40.2oC respectively. Maximum rate and percentage of germination obtained in the range of 20-25oC. Maximum of radicle length and dry weight, maximum of caulicle length and dry weight and maximum of vigor seedling were obtained in 20oC,10-20oC and 5-30oC respectively. Maximum and minimum germination uniformity (GU) was obtained in 25 and 5oC. 

Mohsen Azarnia, Abbas Biabani, Hamid Reza Eisvand, Ebrahim Gholamalipour Alamdari, Saeed Safikhani,
Volume 3, Issue 1 (8-2016)

One of the important strategies for increasing germination speed and germination percentage, to produce high-quality seedling and plant optimal establishment is seed priming. In order to evaluate reactions of a lentil seed to priming duration and concentrations of the applied material as priming, a factorial experiment based on a completely randomized design with three replications was done in the agronomy laboratory of agriculture and Natural Resources College of Gonbad Kavous University in 2013. Factors included priming duration (4, 8 and 12 h) and various concentrations of the priming (hydro priming, hormonal priming by gibberellic acid and salicylic acid with the concentrations of 50, 100 and 150 ppm and non primed seeds). Results showed that the interaction effect of the concentrations and duration of the priming was significant on whole measured traits except the seed vigor index, germination percentage and seedling dry weight at 1% probability level. The lowest duration of germination (5, 10, 90 and 95%) obtained in the hydropriming treatment (2.72, 5.43 and 18.17 hour). The highest radicle fresh weight was observed in hydropriming treatment in three studied durations priming. In this study; the highest rate of germination obtained from GA50ppm during 12 hours. GA50ppm increased Germination percentage (98%). The greatest radicle length, shoot length and relative growth rate was obtained in the treatment of the gibberellic acid 100 ppm during 8 hours. All the average, gibberellic acid 100 ppm in 8h had an additive effect on the most of the measured traits of the lentil seed. Therefore, it can be introduced as the best mixture treatment.

Kamran Alimardani, Amin Salehi, Mohsen Movahhedi Dehnavi, Ali Moradi,
Volume 8, Issue 2 (3-2022)

Extended Abstract
Introduction: Schrophularia striata is one of the medicinal plants of the Scrophulariaceae family and contains phenolic compounds. Locals have traditionally used this herbal medicine to treat infections caused by wounds, gastrointestinal diseases, and eye diseases. Due to excessive consumption by indigenous people and climate change, especially increasing temperature, the cold required to eliminate seed dormancy is not presently available and its germination and growth has decreased. Therefore, this plant is at the risk of extinction. Since this plant is propagated in natural habitats through seed and due to deep seed dormancy, evaluation of different seed dormancy methods is necessary for conservation and domestication of this species. In this study, suitable methods to eliminate seed dormancy of this plant using chilling and gibberellic acid treatments were studied on the seeds collected from different habitats of Ilam province.
Materials and Methods: To investigate the effect of using chilling and gibberellic acid on Schrophularia striata dormancy, a split plot factorial experiment based on completely randomized design with four replications was conducted at the seed laboratory of Yasouj University in 2018. The first factor included the duration of moist chilling period (0, 4, 8, 12 and 16 weeks), the second factor included gibberellic acid (0, 300 and 600 mg/L) and the third factor included five habitats (Ilam, Ivan, Mehran, Abadan and Dehloran).
Results: The results showed that the 16-week Chilling and zero gibberellic acid treatments had the highest germination percentage in all habitats, as the percentage of germination in Mehran, Ivan, Ilam, Abadan and Dehloran habitats was 66, 50, 36, 30 and 25%, respectively. Also, the highest germination rate was observed in all habitats at 16 weeks chilling and zero mg/L gibberellic acid concentration. The highest germination uniformity was obtained at 16 and 12 weeks of chilling.
Conclusions: Chilling period duration was effective on germination percentage and rate and with increasing chilling period, germination percentage and rate increased. This indicates that the seeds studied had some degree of physiological dormancy, and the seed of higher altitude habitats required longer chilling periods than those of the lower ones for germination. Also, according to the results of this experiment, chilling periods above 16 weeks should be used to increase germination percentage.

1- Chilling period duration in the presence of gibberellic acid was the most important factor for the elimination of Schrophularia striata seed Dormancy and increased germination.
2- With increasing altitude and in the same chilling period duration, habitats with lower altitude had higher germination percentage and rate

Ahmad Munir Amini, Farshid Ghaderi-Far, Dr Benjamin Torabi, Asieh Siahmargue, Hamid Reza Sadeghipour,
Volume 10, Issue 2 (3-2024)

Extended abstract
Introduction: With regard to the ever-growing water deficit in the world, the adoption of the direct-seeded rice cultivation system has been suggested as an alternative to the transplanting method. One of the disadvantages of the direct-seeded method is low and non-uniform germination and emergence due to low seed vigor in rice. Priming is a technique which improves the rate and uniformity of seed germination under these conditions. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the effects of priming treatments on seed germination of different rice cultivars under different temperature conditions using the thermal time model.
Materials and methods: This study was conducted in 2019 at the seed research laboratory of Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources. In this experiment, germination of primed and non-primed seeds in three rice cultivars (Nada, Anam, and Tolo) was investigated under different temperatures (15, 20, 25, 30, and 35°C). The priming treatments which consisted of control, hydropriming, and osmopriming with different chemicals (potassium chloride 2%, potassium nitrate 1%, calcium chloride 4%, glycine betaine 10 ppm, salicylic acid 10 ppm, and ascorbic acid 10 ppm) were investigated under different temperatures.
Results: The results showed that priming treatments had no significant effect on the seed germination percentage of rice cultivars at different temperatures. The thermal time model based on binomial distribution fitted well to cumulative germination percentages in all priming treatments. Among the parameters of the thermal time model, the greatest priming effect was on the reduction of the thermal coefficient, followed by the reduction of the sigma coefficient, which resulted in the increased rate and uniformity of germination. Priming treatments had no significant effect on base temperature. Also, the responses of rice cultivars to seed priming treatments varied so that in Anam and Neda, priming with calcium chloride but in Tolo, hydropriming was more effective on the model parameters, especially thermal time to 50% of germination.
Conclusion: In general, priming treatments did not affect the base temperature of germination in rice cultivars, but they significantly affected the rate and uniformity of seed germination. As the latter issue is one of the main problems in the direct-seeded rice system, suitable priming treatments for each cultivar can be adopted to increase the rate and uniformity of seed germination and emergence in this system.

  1. The thermal time model can be used to select the appropriate priming treatment for improving seed germination components of rice cultivars.
  2. The responses of rice cultivars to different seed priming treatments were different.
  3. Priming treatments did not improve the base temperature of seed germination in rice cultivars, but they significantly affected seed germination rate and uniformity.

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