Volume 2, Issue 1 ((Spring and Summer) 2015)                   Iranian J. Seed Res. 2015, 2(1): 53-64 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Aslani L, Mobli M, Solemani M. Effects of Different Spermidine Concentrations on Germination of Three Cucumber Cultivars under Low Temperature. Iranian J. Seed Res.. 2015; 2 (1) :53-64
URL: http://yujs.yu.ac.ir/jisr/article-1-50-en.html
Isfahan University of Technology , l.aslani@ag.iut.ac.ir
Abstract:   (41920 Views)

The effect of spermidine on seed germination of three different cucumber cultivars under cold stress was studied as a 4×2 factorial experiment by using a completely randomized design with 4 replications. The first factor was 4 concentrations of spermidine consisted of 0 (control), 0.1, 0.5 and 1 mM and the second one was three cucumber cultivars consisted of ‘Emperator’, ‘Amiran’ and ‘Rashid’. For this purpose, 50 seeds of each cultivar were placed on filter papers inside sterilized Petry dishes and spermidine solutions were added to them according to each treatment. All petry dishes were placed at a 13°C temperature of the incubator until end of the experiment and germinated seeds were counted daily. The measured traits were the percentage of germination, plumule length, radicle length, the dry and fresh weight of the plumule and radicle. The results showed that treating seeds of ‘Rashid’ cultivar with 0.1 mM spermidine increased the percentage of germination, plumule and radicle length, fresh and dry weights of radical compared with control. Treating ‘Rashid’ seeds with high concentration (1 mM) of spermidine showed inhibitory effects on all measured characteristics, but in ‘Amiran’ cultivar only decreased the percentage of germination, plumule and radicle length, the fresh and dry weight of radicle.

Full-Text [PDF 663 kb]   (3045 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Seed Ecology
Received: 2014/09/13 | Accepted: 2015/03/14

1. Amri, E. and Shahsavar, A.R. 2010. Response of lime seedling (Citrus aurantifolia L.) to exogenous spermidine treatments under drought stress. Australian Journal of Basic Applied Sciences, 4: 4483-4489.
2. Chien, Y.W. Chilling and freezing injury. Produce quality and safrty laboratory, USDA, ARS.
3. Gordon, V.S. 2009. Characterizing plastome variation and its contribution to chilling injury tolerance in cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.). Ph.D. thesis of Plant Breeding and Plant Genetics. University of Wisconsin- Madison.
4. Imai, R., Ali, A., Pramanik, H.R., Nakaminami, K., Sentoku, N.and Kato, H. 2004. A distinctive class of spermidine synthase is involved in chilling response in rice. Journal of Plant Physiology, 161: 883-886. [DOI:10.1016/j.jplph.2003.11.002] [PMID]
5.  Liu, J.H., Kitashiba, H., Wang, J., Ban Y. and Moriguchi, T. 2007. Polyamines and their ability to provide environmental stress tolerance to plants. Plant Biotechnology, 24: 117-126. [DOI:10.5511/plantbiotechnology.24.117]
6. Nayyar, H., Kaur, G. and Chander, S. 2004. Response of chickpea seed germination to spermidine treatment to overcome cold injury. International Chickpea and Pigeonpea Newsletter, 11: 25-28.
7.  Palavan-Unsal, N. 1995. Stress and polyamine metabolism. Bulgarian Journal of Plant Physiology, 21: 3-14.
8.  Tian, W., Suping, W., Shirong G. and Yanjun, S. 2008. Effect of exogenous spermidine on the photosynthesis of cucumis sativus L. seedling under rhizosphere hypoxia stress. Frontiers of Agriculture in China, 2: 55-60. [DOI:10.1007/s11703-008-0015-5]
9. Wang, C.Y. and Kramer, G.F. 1990. Effect of polyamine treatment on ethylene production of apples. pp: 411-413. In: Flores, H.E., Arteca, R.N. and Shannon, J.C. (Eds.). Polyamines and Ethylene: Biochemistry, Physiology and Interactions, American Society of Plant Physiologists. 425 p. [PMID]
10. Xia, J., Zhao, H., Liu, W., Li, L. and He, Y. 2009. Role of cytokinin and salicylic acid in plant growth at low temperatures. Plant Growth Regulation, 57: 211-221. [DOI:10.1007/s10725-008-9338-8]
11.  Zhang, W., Jiang, B., Li, W., Song, H., Yu, Y. and Chen, J. 2009. Polyamines enhance chilling tolerance of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) through modulating antioxidative system. Scientia Horticulturae, 122: 200-208. [DOI:10.1016/j.scienta.2009.05.013]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Iranian Journal of Seed Research

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.