Volume 6, Issue 2 ((Autumn & Winter) 2020)                   Iranian J. Seed Res. 2020, 6(2): 81-94 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Makvandi M A, Meskarbashee M, Hassibi P, Hamdi H. Study of Bud Emergence Characteristics and Seedling Growth of Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum) Cultivars on Different Planting Dates. Iranian J. Seed Res.. 2020; 6 (2) :81-94
URL: http://yujs.yu.ac.ir/jisr/article-1-391-en.html
Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz , mmeskarbashee@scu.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1672 Views)


Extended abstract
 Introduction: Management of agricultural operations in sugarcane fields should be informed by the accurate knowledge of sugarcane growth stages and phenology and is to be reviewed based on variety differences. Given the importance of emergence stage on the establishment of seedling and final quality and quantity of sugarcane yield and given the absence of respective information, a study was conducted to investigate the effect of different planting dates on the phenological characteristics of the seedling stage of sugarcane cultivars in the south of Khuzestan Province during 2016-17 and 2017-18.
 Materials and Methods: The experiment was carried out as a randomized complete block design with three replications. In terms of growth period length, Very premature, Premature, and Semi mature cultivars included CP73-21, CP57-614 and CP69-1062. Planting dates were Aug. 11th, Aug. 23rd, Sep. 1st and Sep 11th. Planting operation was conducted manually and with 1/3 overlap of grafts. In order to prevent the negative effects brought about by the dispersion and non-uniformity of the experimental field and the special conditions of sugarcane cultivation, each cultivar was cultivated in a separate field and after sampling and the study of different traits, the statistical analysis of each cultivar was performed separately.
 Results: The results showed that sugarcane seedling was not affected by annual conditions and the interaction effect of annual conditions and planting dates. The significant differences of planting dates were observed at the beginning of emergence, its completion and rate of emergence and the number of leaves produced and their area. The fastest rate of the beginning and the completion of emergence was obtained in CP73-21, and on different planting dates, it was more permanent than other cultivars studied, while CP69-1062 had the slowest and more behavioral diversity of emergence on different planting dates. The cultivar CP73-21 did not produce good results in terms of leaf area, but the CP69-1062 cultivar was able to produce the highest level of leaf area due to the extra number of leaves and the mean value of a single leaf area. In addition, the best results were obtained in all characteristics in August, followed by September.
 Conclusions: Based on the results, in order to achieve the best emergence of sugarcane buds, it is necessary to complete the cultivation of most of the fields within the first twenty days of the beginning of the planting season and priority should be given to cultivar CP69-1062 and then cultivars CP57-614 and CP73-21. Due to the differences between sugarcane cultivars, utilizing seedling stage growth data can lead to more scientific management of the crops in terms of the characteristics of each cultivar, which eventually leads to desirable yields.
 
 
Highlights:
  1. Estimation and comparison of emergence characteristics of commercial cultivars of sugarcane under farm conditions.
  2. Study of the effect of planting dates on leaf development characteristics of important commercial sugarcane cultivars in early growth stages.
  3. Determination of the best planting date for sugarcane cultivars based on the seedling stage characteristics.

Full-Text [PDF 497 kb]   (259 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2019/01/12 | Accepted: 2019/02/22

References
1. Ahmed, A.Z., Sogheir, K.S. and Shalby, N.M. 2007. Performance of some sugarcane verities at different planting dates. African Crop Science, 8: 161-172.
2. Allison, J.C.S., Pammenter, N.W. and Haslam, R.J. 2007. Why does Saccharum officinarum hybrid grow slowly?. South African Journal of Botany, 73: 546-551. [DOI:10.1016/j.sajb.2007.04.065]
3. Anapalli, S.S., Nielsen, L.M., Vigil, M.F. and Ahuja, L.R. 2005. Simulating planting date effect on corn production using RZWQM and CERES-Maize models. Agronomy Journal, 97(1): 58-71. [DOI:10.2134/agronj2005.0058]
4. Bani Abbasi, N., Azizi, H., Mehregan, M., Malzoumati, M., Kazemi, K., Darivandpour, A. and Shomeyli, M. 2013. Sugarcane Production in Iran, Agronomic Guidelines for Sugarcane Production. Rosvaxheh Publication. 273p. [In Persian].
5. Bell, M.J. and Garside, A.L. 2005. Shoot and stalk dynamics and the yield on sugarcane crops in tropical and subtropical Queensland, Australia. Journal of Field Crop Research, 92: 231-248. [DOI:10.1016/j.fcr.2005.01.032]
6. Brown, D.M. and Bootsma, A. 1993. Crop heat units for corn and other warm season crops in ontario. Ontario Ministry of agriculture and food factsheet Agdex 111/31. ISSN No. 0225-7882. Ontaro Ministry of Agriculture.
7. Castro Nava, S. and Huerta, A.J. 2016. Leaf growth and canopy development of three sugarcane genotypes under high temperature rainfed conditions in northeastern Mexico. International Journal of Agronomy, 2016, 1-7. [DOI:10.1155/2016/2561026]
8. Edalat, M. and Naderi, R. 2016. Effect of planting date on seed yield and phonology of hybrid maize. Journal of Crop Production and Processing, 19: 49-66. [In Persian with English Summary]. [DOI:10.18869/acadpub.jcpp.6.19.49]
9. Forouzi, M., Ehteshami, S.M.R., Esfehani, M. and Rabiee, M. 2015. Effect of seed size on emergence rate, germination indices, seedling growth and yield of four bread wheat cultivars (Triticum aestivum L.). Journal of Cereal Research, 5: 67-82. [In Persian with English Summary].
10. Ghanbari, A., Roshani, H. and Tavasoli, A. 2012. Effect of planting date on seed yield of winter wheat cultivars. Journal of Crop Eco-physiology, 6(2): 127-144. [In Persian with English Summary].
11. Inman Bamber, N.G. 1994a. Temperature and seasonal effects on canopy development and light interception of sugarcane. Journal of Field Crop Research. 36(1): 41-51. [DOI:10.1016/0378-4290(94)90051-5]
12. Inman Bamber, N.G. 1994b. Effect of age and season on yield components. In Proceedings of the South African Sugar Technologists Association, 68: 23-27.
13. Khalili, N., Soltani. A., Zeinali, E. and Ghaderi far, F. 2013. Evaluation of nonlinear regression models to quantify barley germination rate response to temperature and water potential. Journal of Crop Production, 7(4): 23-40. [In Persian with English Summary].
14. Laure, J.G., Carter, P.R., Wood, T.M., Daniel, G.D. Robert, W. Rand, E. and Miynarek, M.J. 1999. Corn hybrid response to planting date in the northern Corn Belt. Agronomy Journal, 91(5): 834-839. [DOI:10.2134/agronj1999.915834x]
15. Liu, D.L., Kingston, G. and Bull, T.A. 1998. A new technique for determining the thermal parameters of phenological development in sugarcane, including suboptimum and supra-optimum temprature regimes. Journal of Agriculture and Forest Meteorology, 90(1-2): 119-139. [DOI:10.1016/S0168-1923(97)00087-7]
16. Meier, U., Feller, C. Van den Boom, T. and Bleiholder, H. 2001. Growth stages of mono-and dicotyledonous plants, BBCH Monograph. Federal Biological Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry. 2nd edition.
17. Munsif, F., Zahid, M. Arif, M. Ali, K. and Ahmad, I. 2018. Influence of planting date on yield and quality of sugarcane under the agro-climatic condition of mordan. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture, 34(3): 649-655. [DOI:10.17582/journal.sja/2018/34.3.649.655]
18. Robertson, M.J. and Doualdson, R.A. 1998. Changes in the components of cane and sucrose yield in response to drying-off sugarcane before harvest. Field Crop Research, 5: 201-208. [DOI:10.1016/S0378-4290(97)00065-8]
19. Sandhu, I.S., Sharma, A.R. and Sur, H.S. 1999. Yield performance and heat unit requirement of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) varieties as affected by sowing dates under rainfed condition. Indian Journal of Agricultural Science, 69: 175-179.
20. Sela, G. 2017. Timing and frequency of fertilizer application. Available in: http://www.smart-fertilizer.com/. (Accessed may 2017).
21. Sinclair, T.R., Gilbert, R.A., Perdomo, R.E., Shine, J.M., Powell, J.G. and Montes, G. 2004. Sugarcane leaf area development under field conditions in Florida, USA. Journal of Field Crop Research, 88: 171-178. [DOI:10.1016/j.fcr.2003.12.005]
22. Smit, M.A. 2010. Characterising the factors that affect germination and emergence in sugarcane. In Proceedings of the Annual Congress-South African Sugar Technologists' Association. South African Sugar Technologists' Association, 83: 230-234
23. Vasantha, S., Gupta, C. and Shekinah, D.E. 2014. Physiological studies on tiller production and its senescence in sugarcane response comparison between plant and ratoon crops. Indian Journal of Agriculture Sciences, 84(1): 24-27.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


© 2021 All Rights Reserved | Iranian Journal of Seed Research

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.