Volume 5, Issue 2 ((Autumn & Winter) 2019)                   Iranian J. Seed Res. 2019, 5(2): 105-128 | Back to browse issues page


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Teimori H, Balouchi H, Moradi A, Soltani E. Effect of Seed Aging and Water Potential on Seed Germination and Biochemical Indices of Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum) at Different Temperatures. Iranian J. Seed Res.. 2019; 5 (2) :105-128
URL: http://yujs.yu.ac.ir/jisr/article-1-375-en.html
Yasouj University , balouchi@yu.ac.ir
Abstract:   (3105 Views)
DOR: 98.1000/2383-1251.1397.5. 105.10.2.1578.1601

Extended abstract
Introduction: Seed germination is one of the first important and complex stages in the plant life cycle and is affected by many hereditary and environmental factors. Various factors affect germination and seedling establishment. Among these factors are the characteristics of the maternal plant (nutrition, genetics), seed treatment stage at harvest time, as well as environmental factors (temperature, water potential, and ventilation and soil compaction). Also, under the influence of seed loss during storage, seed vigor, which is known as the first component of seed quality, decrease. The aim of this study was investigation of germination and biochemichal responses of the aged seed of Fenugreek to different temperature and humidity ranges.
Materials and Methods: This experiment was conducted as a factorial based on a completely randomized design with four replications in the Laboratory of Seed Science and Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, Yasouj University in 2016. The experimental treatments consisted of nine levels of temperature (5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, 40 and 45 degrees Celsius), water potential included seven levels (zero (control), -0.2, -0.4, -0.6, -0.8, -1 and -1.2 MPa) and seed aging at two levels (no aged (control) and aged seed).
Results: In this experiment, the effect of seed aging, water potential and their interactions on each environment on germination indices (germination percentage and germination rate, length and weight vigor index) and biochemical indices (soluble sugar, proline, soluble protein and catalase enzymes) of Fenugreek seeds were significant. The results showed that in the aged seed the germination percentage and rate and seedling vigor index tended to decrease with water potential reduce in temperature lower and higher than 20 degrees Celsius, and the amount of biochemical components of the seed (soluble sugar, soluble protein, proline, and catalase enzyme) also increase.
Conclusion: In general, germination and biochemical indices of seed of Fenugreek are sensitive to water potentials, aging, and seed germination temperatures, respectively. In terms of osmotic potential decrese, the germination temperature of less than 20 ° C resulted in increased germination resistance of fenugreek seed to a more negative water potential.
 
Highlights:
  1. Study of germination and biochemical properties of fenugreek seed aged under different level of osmotic potantials and temperatures.
  2. In areas with a lower osmotic potential it is better to cultivate Fenugreek seed at temperatures below 20 °C.
Full-Text [PDF 816 kb]   (339 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Seed Ecology
Received: 2018/09/2 | Accepted: 2019/02/4

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