Volume 6, Issue 1 ((Spring and Summer) 2019)                   Iranian J. Seed Res. 2019, 6(1): 51-63 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Alizadeh-Amraie A, Javanmard A, Eskandari H. Effect of Planting Pattern and Irrigation Method on Germination of Mung Bean (Vigna radiate) Harvested at Different Times of Maturation. Iranian J. Seed Res.. 2019; 6 (1) :51-63
URL: http://yujs.yu.ac.ir/jisr/article-1-374-en.html
Pyame Noor University , ash.amraie@gmail.com
Abstract:   (577 Views)
DOR: 98.1000/2383-1251.1398. 1575.1578

Extended Abstract
Introduction: Pulses are a group of crops which are important in human nutrition and also sustainability of agronomical systems and economic advantage. Regarding optimum planting density of mung beans (40 plant m-2), more than 700 tons of certified seeds of mung bean seeds are needed all over the country, confirming the importance of the production of high quality seeds. Seed quality may be affected by different environmental conditions such as water deficit. Since intercropping can alleviate the negative effects of drought on crop growth, the hypothesis that crops can benefit from intercropping has been formulated in previous studies. Since there is no sufficient information on germination performance and seed weight of mung bean during seed growth and development in response to partial root zone irrigation and intercropping, the current experiment was aimed to evaluate the effect of partial root zone irrigation and intercropping on some quality traits of mung bean and to determine the best time of harvesting to produce high quality seeds in mung bean.
Materials and Methods: The experiment was conducted as factorial (3× 2× 5) based on RCBD with three replications. The first factor was planting pattern (including sole mung bean, inter-row maize-mung bean intercropping and within-row maize-mung bean intercropping). The second factor was irrigation method (partial root zone irrigation and conventional irrigation) and the third factor was harvest time (5-day intervals in 5 stages). Germination percentage, 1000-grain weight, root length, shoot length and seedling dry weight were determined for evaluation of seed quality.
Results: The results indicated that the interaction of cropping pattern× harvest time and cropping pattern× irrigation× harvest time had no significant effect on traits. However, the interaction of irrigation× harvest time on germination percentage, root length and seedling dry weight was significant (P≤0.01). With increasing growth and maturation of seed, germination percentage increased in both irrigation methods. Germination percentage of mung bean was reduced by partial root zone irrigation. The effect of partial root zone irrigation on germination percentage was higher at the end of seed filling period. Partial root zone irrigation resulted in the reduction of root length. The differences between conventional and partial root zone irrigation for root length at different harvest times were 4, 9, 9, 18 and 15 percent, respectively. In both irrigation methods (i.e., conventional and partial root zone irrigation) seedling dry weight increased with increasing the seed growth and maturation. However, deficit of irrigation had negative effects on seedling dry weight of mung bean. With reduced water availability, 1000-grain weight and shoot length were also reduced. 1000-grain and shoot length of mung bean in conventional irrigation were 11 and 10 percent higher than those of partial root zone irrigation, respectively.
Conclusion: Intercropping had no significant effect on seed quality of mung bean. However, deficit of irrigation reduced its seed quality. For harvesting high quality seeds in mung bean, there is a need for plants that experience no drought stress. That the time of reaching the maximum seed quality coincided with the ending of the seed filling period confirms the Harington’s hypothesis.
  1. Seed quality of mung bean during seed growth and development was evaluated.
  2. Effect of deficient irrigation induced by partial root zone irrigation on seed quality of mung bean was determined.
  3. The effect of planting pattern of mother plants on seed quality was investigated.
Full-Text [PDF 372 kb]   (103 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Seed Physiology
Received: 2018/09/9 | Accepted: 2019/01/14

1. Abbasi Bidli, M., and Abdali Mashhadi, A. 2017. Effect of priming on germination characteristics and growth of the Vigna radiata (Shushtar ecotype) seeding under salinity stress. Iranian Journal of Seed Science and Research, 4(1): 75-88. [In Persian with English Summary].
2. Ahmadi, K. 2015. Agriculture statistics of crops for 2013 growing season. Jahade-e-Agriculture Ministry press. Tehran. [In Persian].
3. Dabbagh-Mohammadi Nasab, A., Ghassemi-Golezani, K., Rahim-Zadeh Khoie, F., and Moghaddam, M. 2001. Effect of water limitation on seed quality of two lentil genotypes during seed development and maturation. Iranian Journal of Agricultural Science, 2: 91-10. [In Persian].
4. Davoodi, S., Mirmhamoodi, T., and Khaliliaghdam, N. 2012. Determination of best time for seed harvesting of some wheat cultivars. Journal of Seed Research, 4: 33-43. [In Persian with English summary].
5. Demir, I., Mavi, K., Sermenli, T., and Ozcoban, M. 2002. Seed development and maturation in Aubergine (Solanum melongena L.). Gartenbanwissenschaft, 67(4): 148-154.
6. Eskandari, H. 2015. Determine the best time to harvest of high quality seed from mother plant in cow pea cultivar Kamran under Khuzestan weather condition. Iranian Journal of Seed Science and Research, 2(2): 41-48. [In Persian with English Summary].
7. Eskandari, H., and Alizadeh-Amraie, A. 2016. Dry matter production and weeds growth in additive series of maize and cowpea intercropping in the consumption of some environmental resources under North Khuzestan climatic conditions. Research in Field Crops, 2: 46-57. [In Persian with English Summary].
8. Eskandari, H., and Alizadeh-Amraie, A. 2017a. Effect of partial root-zone irrigation system on seed quality changes of Persian clover (Trifolium resupinatum L.) during seed development and maturation. Acta Agriculturae Slovenica, 109(2): 417-423. [DOI:10.14720/aas.2017.109.2.24]
9. Eskandari, H., and Alizadeh-Amraie, A. 2017b. Evaluation of seed quality of wheat (Triticum aestivum) under water limitation induced by a partial root-zone irrigation regime. Seed Science and Technology, 45(1): 248-251. [DOI:10.15258/sst.2017.45.1.10]
10. Eskandari, H., and Alizadeh-Amraie, A. 2018. Effect of planting pattern and alternate furrow irrigation on productivity of water and land under wheat and Persian clover intercropping. Journal of Water Research in Agriculture, 32(2): 179-188. [In Persian with English Summary].
11. Eskandari, H., Alizadeh-Amraie, A., and Kazemi, K. 2018. Effect of planting pattern and irrigation system on germination performance of maize seeds harvested at different times of maturation. Seed Science and Technology, 46(2): 1-5. [DOI:10.15258/sst.2018.46.2.18]
12. Eskandari, H., Hamid, A., and Alizadeh-Amraie, A. 2015. Development and maturation of sesame (Sesamum indicum) seeds under different water regimes. Seed Science and Technology, 43(2): 269-272. [DOI:10.15258/sst.2015.43.2.03]
13. Eskandari, H., Kazemi, K., and Ebadipour, A. 2013. Seed control and certification. Behta-Pajoohesh Press, Isfahan, Iran, 78-92.
14. Ghassemi-Golezani, K., Nasrollah-Zadeh, S., Rahimzadeh-Khoie, F., and Moghaddam, M. 1996. Evaluation of seed vigor of wheat during different maturation stages under irrigated and dry land farming. Journal of Agricultural Science, 6: 99-112. [In Persian with English Summary].
15. Harington, J.F. 1972. Seed storage and longevity. In: Kozlowski, T. (ed.). Seed Biology, Academic Press, New York, USA, 145-245. [DOI:10.1016/B978-0-12-395605-7.50009-0]
16. Horst, M.G., Shamutalov, S.S., Goncalves, J.M., and Pereira, L.S. 2007. Assessing impacts of surge-flow irrigation on water saving and productivity of cotton. Agricultural Water Management, 87: 115-127. [DOI:10.1016/j.agwat.2006.06.014]
17. Kang, S.Z., and Zhang, J.H. 2004. Controlled alternate partial root zone irrigation: its physiological consequences and impact on water use efficiency. Journal of Experimental Botany, 55(407): 2437-2446. [DOI:10.1093/jxb/erh249] [PMID]
18. Kang, S.Z., Zhang, L., Liang, Y.L., Hu, X.T., Cai, H.J., and Gu, B.J. 2002. Effects of limited irrigation on yield and water use efficiency of winter wheat in the loess plateau of China. Agricultural Water Management, 55: 203-216. [DOI:10.1016/S0378-3774(01)00180-9]
19. Khodabandeh, N., and Jalilian, A. 1998. Effect of drought stress in reproductive stages of soybean on germination and seed vigor. Iranian Journal of Agricultural Science, 28(1): 11-18. [In Persian with English Summary].
20. Molaie, A.R. 2016. Determination appropriate and optimum cultivar for mung bean in double cropping. 4 May. 2016. The sixth Iranian pulse crops symposium. Khorramabad, Iran. [In Persian].
21. Muasya, R.M., Lommen, W.J.M., and Struik, P.C. 2002. Differences in development of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) crops and pod fractions within a crop II. Seed viability and vigour. Field Crops Research, 75(1): 79-89. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-4290(02)00014-X [DOI:10.1016/S0378-4290(02)00013-8]
22. Noryani, H. 2013. Effect of water deficit tension on yield and yield components of mung bean (Vigna radiata L.) in different planting densities. Crop Physiology Journal, 18: 35-47. [In Persian with English Summary].
23. Rasyad, D.A., Van Sanford, D.A., and Tekony, D.M. 1990. Changes in seed viability and vigor during wheat seed maturation. Seed Science and Technology, 18: 259-267.
24. Tekrony, D.M., and Hunter, J.L. 1995. Effect of seed maturation and genotype on seed vigour in maize. Crop Science, 35: 857-862. [DOI:10.2135/cropsci1995.0011183X003500030037x]
25. Vahab-Nezhad, M., Ahmadpour, R., Armand, N., and Hossainzadeh, S.R. 2017. Evaluation of the effect of temperature and salinity stress on germination properties of mung bean. The third international conference on agriculture, Natural resource and Environment. Tehran. Iran. [In Persian].
26. Wang, Y., Mu, C., Hou, Y., and Li, X. 2008. Optimum harvest time of Vicia craccain relation to high seed quality during pod development. Crop Science, 48(2): 709-715. [DOI:10.2135/cropsci2007.04.0211sc]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

© 2020 All Rights Reserved | Iranian Journal of Seed Research

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.