Volume 6, Issue 1 ((Spring and Summer) 2019)                   Iranian J. Seed Res. 2019, 6(1): 19-32 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Nazer M, Ehteshami S M, Salehi M, Kafighasemi A. Quantification of the Best Harvest Time of Guar (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba) Seed with High Quality in Golestan Province. Iranian J. Seed Res.. 2019; 6 (1) :19-32
URL: http://yujs.yu.ac.ir/jisr/article-1-359-en.html
University of Guilan , smrehteshami@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (61 Views)
DOR: 98.1000/2383-1251.1398.6. 19.11.1. 1603.1606

Extended Abstract
Introduction: Guar (Cyamopsis tetragonolob) which belongs to fabaceae and leguminosae families is self-pollinating and is indigenous to India and Pakistan. This plant is suitable for growth in dry, damp and sandy soils, and can tolerate saline and relatively alkaline soils. Determining the best time for harvesting seeds and its timing with maximum quality is one of the important issues in the field of seed production management. The changes in the physiological quality of seeds occur during development until seed treatment. The use of high-quality seeds plays an important role in the final yield of crops. The purpose of this study was to determine the most suitable time for harvesting seeds because seed moisture content at harvest time is one of the most important factors affecting seed quality.
Materials and Methods: This research was carried out in July 2013 at Iraqi Research Station in Gorgan, Golestan, Iran in a split-plot design with four replications. The treatments consisted of the time of harvesting the seeds from the mother's base in six stages (with different moisture content) and harvesting places (upper, middle, and bottom pods) so that, starting from the podding, every 7 days, the seeds were removed from the base. The mother was harvested and such traits as germination rate, germination percentage, seedling vigor, seed moisture content, and alpha-amylase activity were calculated. In this research, a logistic model was used to study the changes in germination percentage, germination rate, seedling vigor index and straw index during seed dressing on Guar.
Results: The results of this study showed that the hypothesis that seed reaches its maximum quality at the end of the period of seed filling is confirmed, suggesting that with a moisture content of 30 and 14% in late seed filling period, Guar seeds have the highest quality. In general, the results of the present study confirm that the stages of development and management of Guar seeds on maternal basis have an impact on its quality. In the early stages of growth (humidity 85, 80 and 62 percent), due to prematurity and lack of essential seed structures, the qualitative traits of germination percentage, germination rate, seedling vigor, and strawberry index were low, and with the evolution of essential structures and reduced seed moisture content (58, 30 and 14%), the quality traits increased.
Conclusions: In general, it can be concluded that the best timing for harvesting Guar seeds with the highest quality in Golestan province is when seed moisture reaches 14% or 100 days after planting, and the pods formed at the bottom are the ones with the highest quality.
 
 
Highlights:
  1. To investigate the qualitative indices of Guar seed on the mother plant during seed filling period
  2. To determine the best harvest time and its adaptation with the highest quality of Guar seed
Full-Text [PDF 452 kb]   (12 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Seed Physiology
Received: 2018/07/4 | Accepted: 2018/11/24

References
1. Abdual-baki, A.A., and Anderson, J.D. 1973. Relationship between decarboxilation of glutamic acid and vigour in soybean seed. Crop Science, 13: 222-226. [DOI:10.2135/cropsci1973.0011183X001300020023x]
2. Arabameri, R. 2008. Predicting kernel number and biomass retranslocation in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). The thesis of M.Sc. Gorgan University Agriculture Science Natural Resources 89 p. [In Persian with English Summary].
3. Ashraf, M., and Foolad, R.M. 2005. Pre-sowing seed treatment-a shot gun approach to improve germination, plant growth and crop yield under saline and non-saline conditions. Advances In Agronomy, 88: 223-271. [DOI:10.1016/S0065-2113(05)88006-X]
4. Ashraf, M.Y., Akhtar, K., Sarwar, G., and Ashraf, M. 2002. Evaluation of arid and semi-aridecotypes of guar (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba L.) for salinity (NaCl) tolerance. Journal of Arid Environments, 52: 473-482. [DOI:10.1006/jare.2002.1017]
5. Berti, M.T., Burton, L. and Manthey, L.K. 2007. Seed physiological maturity in Cuphea. Industrial Crops and Products, 25: 190-201. [DOI:10.1016/j.indcrop.2006.09.003]
6. Coolbear, P. 1995. Mechanisms of seed deterioration, in seed quality: Basic mechanisms and agricultural implications, Basra, A.S. (ed.). Howorth Press Inc. 223-227.
7. Deka, K.K., Das, M.R., Bora, P., and Mazumder, N. 2015. Effect of sowing dates and spacing on growth and yield of cluster bean (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba) in subtropical climate of Assam, India. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research, 49(3): 250-254. [DOI:10.5958/0976-058X.2015.00039.6]
8. Eldirany, A.A., Mohamed-Nour, A.A., Khadir, K.E., Gadeen, K.A., and Ibrahim, M.A. 2015. Physicochemical and Functional properties of Four new genotypes of guar gum (Cyamopsis tetregonoloba L.). American Journal of Food Science and Health, 1(2): 43-50.
9. Ellis, R.H., and E.H. Roberts. 1980. Towards rational basis for testing seed quality, Hebblethwaite, P. D. (Ed.), Seed Production, Butterworths, London. 605-635
10. Eskandari, H., Hamid, A., and Alizadeh, A. 2015. Development and maturation of sesame (Sesamum indicum) seeds under different water regimes. Seed Science and Technology, 43(2): 1-4. [DOI:10.15258/sst.2015.43.2.03]
11. Eskandari. H. 2012. Seed quality changes in cowpea (Vigna sinensis) during seed development and maturation. Seed Science and Technology, 40: 108-112. [DOI:10.15258/sst.2012.40.1.12]
12. Fenner, M.1991. The effects of the parent environment on seed germinability. Seed Science Research, 1: 75-84. [DOI:10.1017/S0960258500000696]
13. Gendy, A.S.H., Said-Al Ahl, H.A.H., Mahmoud, A.A. and Mohamed, H.F.Y. 2013. Effect of nitrogen sources, biofertilizers and their interaction on the growth, seed yield and chemical composition of guar plants. Life Science Journal, 10(3): 56-63.
14. Ghaderifar, F., and Soltani, E. 2010. Seed control and certification. The Publications University of Mashhad. 200 p.
15. Ghasemi-Golezani, K., and Mazloomi-Oskooyi, R. 2008. Effect of water supply on seed quality development in common been. International Journal of Plant Production, 2: 117-124.
16. Ghasemi-Golezani, K., Nasrollah-Zadeh, S., Rahimzadeh-Khoie, F. and Moghaddam, M. 1996. Evaluation of seed vigor of wheat during different maturation stages under irrigated and dry land farming. Journal of Agricultural Science, 6: 99-112. [In Persian with English Summary].
17. Ghasemi-Golezani, K., Tajbakhsh, Z., and Raey, Y. 2011. Seed development and quality in maize cultivars. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 39(1): 178-182. [DOI:10.15835/nbha3915713]
18. Gresta, F., Sortino, O., Santonoceto, C., Issi, L., Formantici, C., and Galante, Y. 2013. Effects of sowing times on seed yield, protein and Galactomannans content of four varieties of guar (Cyamopsiste tragonoloba L.) in a Mediterranean environment. Industrial Crop and Products, 41: 46-52. [DOI:10.1016/j.indcrop.2012.04.007]
19. Harington, J.F. 1972. Seed storage and longevity. In: Kozlowski, T. (ed.) Seed Biology, Academic Press, New York. 145-245. [DOI:10.1016/B978-0-12-395605-7.50009-0]
20. Illipronti, R.A., Lommen, W.J.M., Langerak, C.J., and Struik, P.C. 2000. Time of pod and seed position on the plant contribute to variation in quality of seed within soybean seed lots. Netherlands Journal of Agricultural Science, 48(2): 163-180. [DOI:10.1016/S1573-5214(00)80012-3]
21. International Seed Test Association. 2009. International Rules for Seed Testing. Bassersdorf, Switzerland.
22. International Seed Test Association. 2015. ISTA handbook on moisture determination. International Seed Testing Association.
23. Jahan, I., Rauf, A., and Anis, M. 2015. Effects of wokozim organic fertilizers on germination of guar. International Journal of Biological Research, 3(1): 31-34.
24. Khan, A.A. 1971. Cytokinins: Permissive role in seed germination. Seed Science, 171: 853-859. [DOI:10.1126/science.171.3974.853] [PMID]
25. Knittle, K.H., and Burris, J.S. 1976. Effect of kernel maturation on subsequent seedling vigor in maize. Crop Science, 16(6): 851-885. [DOI:10.2135/cropsci1976.0011183X001600060030x]
26. Lemak, B.M., Gibson, L.R., Knapp, A.D., Dixon, P. M., Moore, K. J., and Hintz, R. 2003. Maximizing seed production in eastern Gama grass. Agronomy Journal, 95(4): 863-869. https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj2003.8630 [DOI:10.2134/agronj2003.0863]
27. Muasya, R.M., Lommen, W.J.M., and Struik, P.C. 2002. Differences in development of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) crops and pod fractions within a crop II. Seed viability and vigour. Field Crops Research, 75(1): 79-89. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-4290(02)00014-X [DOI:10.1016/S0378-4290(02)00013-8]
28. Orzeszko, R.A., and Podlaski, S. 2003. The effect of sugar beet seed treatments on their vigour. Plant, Soil and Environment, 49(6): 249-2540. [DOI:10.17221/4121-PSE]
29. Rasyad, D.A., Van Sanford, D.A., and Tekrony, D.M. 1990. Changes in seed viability and vigour during wheat seed maturation. Seed Science and Technology, 18: 259-267.
30. Sanhewe, A.J., and Ellis, R.H. 1996. Seed development and maturation in Phaseolus vulgaris: Ability to germinate and to tolerate desiccation. Journal of Experimental Botany, 47(7): 949-958. [DOI:10.1093/jxb/47.7.949]
31. Santiveri, F., Royo. C., and Romagosa, I. 2002. Pattern of grain filling of spring and winter hexaploid triticales. European Journal of Agronomy, 16(3): 219-230. [DOI:10.1016/S1161-0301(01)00127-7]
32. Seidsharifi, R., Farzaneh, S., and Saednia, V. 2008. The effects of ZnSo4 on growth analysis, yield and the amount of protein and zinc in different wheat cultivars. Iranian Journal of Biology, 21: 676-691. ]In Persian with English Summary[.
33. Seidsharifi, R., Javanshir, A., Shakiba, M., Ghasemi-galaazani, K., Mohamadi, K., and Seidsharifi, R. 2006. Effects of sorghum densities and different interference periods on corn growth analysis. Biaban Desert Journal, 11: 143-157.
34. Soltani, A. 2006. Re-consideration of Application of Statistical Methods in Agricultural Researches. Mashhad Jihad-e-Daneshgahi Press, 74 p.
35. Soltani, A., Zeinali, E., Galeshi, S., and Latifi, N. 2001. Genetic variation for and inter relationships among seed vigor traits in wheat from the Caspian Sea Coast of Iran. Seed Science and Technology, 29: 653-662.
36. Sultan, M., Yousaf, M.N., Rabbani, M.A., Shinwari, Z.K., and Masood, M.S. 2012. Phenotypic divergence in guar (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba L.) landrace genotypes of Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 44: 203-210.
37. Timmermans, B.G.H., Vos, J., Van Nieuwburg, J., Stomph, T.J., and van der Putten, P.E.L. 2007. Germination rates of Solanum sisymbriifolium: temperature response models, effects of temperature fluctuations and soil water potential. Seed Science Research, 17: 221-231. [DOI:10.1017/S0960258507785628]
38. Wang, Y., Mu, C., Hou, Y., and Li, X. 2008. Optimum harvest time of Vicia craccain relation to high seed quality during pod development. Crop Science, 48: 709-715. [DOI:10.2135/cropsci2007.04.0211sc]
39. Worthington, V. 1993. Worthington Enzyme Manual: enzymes and related biochemicals. New Jersey: Worthington Bio-chemical Corporation; P. 77-80.
40. Yin, X., Gouadrian, J., Latinga, E.A., Vos, J., and Spiertz, J.H. 2003. A flexible sigmoid growth function of determinate growth. Annals of Botany, 91: 361-371. [DOI:10.1093/aob/mcg029] [PMID] [PMCID]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


© 2019 All Rights Reserved | Iranian Journal of Seed Research

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.