Volume 6, Issue 1 ((Spring and Summer) 2019)                   Iranian J. Seed Res. 2019, 6(1): 77-93 | Back to browse issues page

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Hojati Fahim N, Sedghi M, Chaeichi M, Seyed sharifi R. The Effect of Seed Inoculation with Organic and Biologic Fertilizers on Germination and Heterotrophic Seedling Indices in Rainfed Wheat (Triticum aestivum) Cultivar. Iranian J. Seed Res.. 2019; 6 (1) :77-93
URL: http://yujs.yu.ac.ir/jisr/article-1-331-en.html
Seed and Plant Certification and Registration Institute , narjes.hojati@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (40 Views)
DOR: 98.1000/2383-1251.1398.6.77.11.1. 1575.1605

Extended Abstract
Introduction: Iran is located in the arid and semi-arid regions of the world with an average rainfall of 240 mm per year, which requires rethinking of the adoption of methods. One of the alternative ways is to use organic and biological fertilizers. Biological fertilizers are considered as the main and the most important factor in the integrated management of plant foods for sustainable agriculture as they play an important role in product improvement and efficiency. Therefore, this research was carried out with the aim of investigating the effect of seed pre-treatment with some organic and biological fertilizers in rainfed wheat.
Materials and Methods: A factorial experiment with three replications was conducted at the Laboratory of Seed and Plant Certification and Registration of the Center of Agriculture and Natural Resources Research located in Hamedan. Seed inoculation was considered in 5 levels (Seafull, Disper Root Gs., Bio-Health, Trichodermin and control) on 8 different rainfed wheat cultivars (Azar-2, Hashtrood, Baran, Rasad, Owhadi, Sardari, Takab and Homa). First, the seeds were disinfected with sodium hypochlorite, and were then cultured in special containers and were placed in the germinator at 20 ° C. After 4 and 8 days, the number of germinated seeds was counted. Germination seeds were counted in each treatment and germination indices such as germination rate, average daily germination, coefficient germination rate, longitudinal vigor index, weight vigor index, seedling fresh weight, root length/shoot ratio, shoot fresh weight, root fresh weight, seed reserve utilization rate, seed reserve utilization efficiency, fraction utilization seed reserve, seed dry weight were calculated.
Results: With application of different levels of fertilizer, the rate of germination treatment Homa×Bio-Health (155%), average daily germination treatment Hashtrood×Bio-Health (69%), coefficient germination rate treatment Owhadi×Disper Root Gs (60%), longitudinal vigor index treatment Owhadi×Bio-Health (108%), weight vigor index treatment Homa×Bio-Health (64%), root fresh weight treatment Hashtrood×Disper Root Gs (106%), shoot fresh weight treatment Hashtrood×Seafull (23%), seedling fresh weight treatment Homa×Bio-Health (42%), root length/shoot ratio treatment Owhadi×Trichodermin (75%), seed reserve utilization rate treatment Homa×Bio-Health (118%), and fraction utilization seed reserve treatment Homa×Bio-Health (119%) increased, compared with the control. In addition, the application of Bio-Health fertilizer and Hashtrood cultivar had the highest amount in almost all the mentioned attributes
Conclusion: Investigation of the different levels of fertilization showed that in most of the indices related to germination and heterotrophic growth of seedling, pretreatment with Bio-Health biofertilizer had a significant difference with other fertilizer levels.
 
 
Highlights:
  1. Evaluation of germination indices for recent cultivars of rainfed wheat, released by rainfed Research Institute of Iran.
  2. Investigating and comparing fertilizers with various multifactorial compounds (fungi and bacteria) and with each other.
  3. Conducting research on commercial compounds and comparison of live biochemical and non-organic matters in a single experiment.
Full-Text [PDF 751 kb]   (10 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Seed Physiology
Received: 2018/07/12 | Accepted: 2019/01/20

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