Volume 1, Issue 1 ((Spring and Summer) 2014)                   Iranian J. Seed Res. 2014, 1(1): 1-10 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Soltani E, Soltani A, Galesh S, Ghaderi-Far F, Zeinali E. Quantification of seedling emergence of volunteer canola and wild mustard under various burial depths. Iranian J. Seed Res.. 2014; 1 (1) :1-10
URL: http://yujs.yu.ac.ir/jisr/article-1-31-en.html
Aboureihan Campus University of Tehran , elias.soltani@ut.ac.ir
Abstract:   (27299 Views)

The aim of this study was to investigate and to quantify the effect of burial depth on seedling emergence of volunteer canola and wild mustard. Seeds were buried in 12 different depths (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 12, 15, 20, 30 cm) in 4 replications and seedling emergence was measured daily. Results indicated that emergence percentage of volunteer canola was around 98 % from 1 to 2.9 cm of burial depth and deeper depths decreased emergence percentage with a slope of -0.4 and reached to zero in burial depth of 10 cm. Seedling emergence percentage of wild mustard was described using an exponential model on the response to burial depth. According to the model, wild mustard seedling emergence decreased from 66 % in 1 cm depth to 0 % in 8 cm depth. Increasing burial depth leads to reduction of seedling emergence rate that it well quantified for both species. Seeds of these two species that buried in deeper soil layers from 10 cm for volunteer canola and 8 cm for wild mustard can expand soil seed bank and will not emerge. The results of this study may provide useful information in ecological weed management and prediction seedling emergence of weeds.

Full-Text [PDF 317 kb]   (3349 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Seed Physiology
Received: 2013/12/11 | Accepted: 2014/06/22

1. Benvenuti, S., Dinelli, G., Bonetti, A., and Catizone, P. 2005. Germination ecology, emergence and host detection in Cuscuta campestris. Weed Research, 45(4): 270-278. [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-3180.2005.00460.x]
2.  Benvenuti, S., Macchia, M., and Miele, S. 2001. Quantitative analysis of buried weed seedling emergence with increasing soil depth. Weed Science, 49(4): 528-535. [DOI:10.1614/0043-1745(2001)049[0528:QAOEOS]2.0.CO;2]
3.  Gruber, S., Bühler, A., Mohring, J., and Claupein, W. 2010. Sleepers in the soil-Vertical distribution by tillage and long-term survival of oilseed rape seeds compared with plastic pellets European Journal of Agronomy, 33(2): 81-88. [DOI:10.1016/j.eja.2010.03.003]
4.  Grundy, A.C., Mead, A., and Bond, W. 1996. Modeling the effect of weed-seed distribution in the soil profile on seedling emergence. Weed Research, 36: 375-384. [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-3180.1996.tb01667.x]
5.  Gulden, R.H., Shirtliffe, S.J., and Thomas, A.G. 2009. Harvest losses of canola (Brassica napus) cause large seed bank inputs. Weed Science, 51(1): 83-86. [DOI:10.1614/0043-1745(2003)051[0083:HLOCBN]2.0.CO;2]
6. Harrison, S.K., Regnier, E.E., Schmoll, J.T., and Harrison, J. M. 2007. Seed size and burial effects on giant ragweed (Ambrosia trifida) emergence and seed demise. Weed Science, 55(1):16-22. [DOI:10.1614/WS-06-109.1]
7.  Lawson, A.N., and Friesen, L.F. 2006. Emergence timing of volunteer canola in spring wheat fields in Manitoba. Weed Science, 54(5): 873–882. [DOI:10.1614/WS-05-169.I.1]
8.  Rodríguez, C., and Garcia, M.A. 2009. Seed-bank dynamics of the tropical weed Sida rhombifolia (Malvaceae): incidence of seedling emergence, predators and pathogens. Seed Science Research, 19(4): 241–248. [DOI:10.1017/S0960258509990146]
9.  Soltani, A., Galeshi. S., Zeinali, E., and Latifi, N. 2002. Germination, seed reserve utilization and seedling growth of chickpea as affected by salinity and seed size. Seed Science and Technology, 30(1): 51-60.
10.  Soltani, A., Zeinali. E., Galeshi, S., and Latifi, N. 2001. Genetic variation for and interrelationships among seed vigor traits in wheat from the Caspian Sea Coast of Iran. Seed Science and Technology, 29(3): 653-662.
11.  Soltani, E., Soltani, A., Galeshi, S., Ghaderi-Far, F., and Zeinali, E. 2011. Quantifying seed production by volunteer canola (Brassica napus L.) and Sinapis arvensis. Planta Daninha, 29(3): 489-497. [DOI:10.1590/S0100-83582011000300003]
12. Stoler, E.W., and Wax, L.M. 1973. Temperature variations in the surface layers of an agricultural soil. Weed Research, 13(3): 273-282. [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-3180.1973.tb01275.x]
13.  Traba, J., Azcárate, F.M., and Peco, B. 2004. From what depth do seeds emerge? A soil seed bank experiment with Mediterranean grassland species. Seed Science Research, 14(3): 297–303. [DOI:10.1079/SSR2004179]
14.  Vasileiadis, V.P., Froud-Willams, R.J., and Eleftherohorinos, I.G. 2007. Vertical distribution, size and composition of the weed seed bank under various tillage and herbicide treatments in a sequence of industrial crops. Weed Research, 47(3): 222–230. [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-3180.2007.00564.x]
15. Warwick, S.I., Beckie, H.J., Thomas, A.G., and McDonald, T. 2000. The biology of Canadian weeds, Sinapis arvensis L. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 80(4): 939-961. [DOI:10.4141/P99-139]
16.  Wilson, R.G, Kerr, E.D. and Nelson, L.A. 1985. Potential for using weed seed content in the soil to predict future weed problems. Weed Science, 33: 171–175.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Iranian Journal of Seed Research

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.