Volume 4, Issue 2 ((Autumn & Winter) 2018)                   Iranian J. Seed Res. 2018, 4(2): 93-110 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Taghizadeh N, Ranjbar G, Nematzadeh G, Ramzanimoghdam M. Evaluation of Salinity Tolerance in allotetraploid Cotton (Gossypium sp.) Genotypes, Using Multivariate Statistical Methods and Stress Tolerance Indices at Germination Stage. Iranian J. Seed Res.. 2018; 4 (2) :93-110
URL: http://yujs.yu.ac.ir/jisr/article-1-296-en.html
Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University , a.ranjbar@sanru.ac.ir
Abstract:   (8358 Views)
Salinity is one of the most important factors limiting agricultural production. Cotton, as an oil-fiber plant, is one of the most important industrial plants and is sensitive to salinity, especially at germination and seedling stages. Therefore, in this study, 14 allotetraploid varieties of commercial and local cotton were selected. The study was carried out as factorial with a completely randomized design and three three replications, using the sandwich method. Germination tests were performed at three salinity levels of 0, 8 and 16 ds.m-1. Afterwards, root and shoot length, fresh and dry weight of root and shoot, germination percentage, allometric coefficient, seedling water percentage and seed vigor index were measured and stress tolerance indices were calculated based on yield (seedling dry weight) in stress and non-stress conditions. Given these indices, all cultivars were aalyzed at two levels of 8 and 16ds.m-1, using principal component analysis and biplot diagrams were drawn. Finally, the dendrogram classification of genotypes was plotted based on STI indices (stress tolerance index), SSI (stress susceptibility index), and the performance (dry weight plantlet) in stress and non-stress conditions. The result of variance analysis for genotype, salinity and salinity×genotype demonstrated that dry weight root, dry weight shoot, fresh weight root, stem length, vigor index seedling, allometric coefficient, dry weight seedling, and length seedling were significant in p-value 0.01, and fresh weight shoot, length root were significant in p-value 0.05. Clustering and the biplot of the genotypes based on STI and SSI indices at salinity levels of 8 and 16 ds.m-1 indicated that the Sepid and Giza genotypes were tolerant and that the Kashmar genotype was sensitive to salt levels at germination stage.
  
Highlights:
  1. The reaction of the cotton cultivars studied was different to levels of salinity stress.
  2. An increase in salt stress caused a significant reduction in the germination characteristics of cultivars of cotton studied.
  3. Bi-plot analysis and clustering based on STI and SSI indices turned out to be a suitable method for clustering cotton cultivars.
Full-Text [PDF 854 kb]   (1287 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2017/07/31 | Accepted: 2018/01/28

References
1. Abdul-Baki, A., and Anderson, J.D. 1973. Vigor determination in Soybean seed by multiple criteria. Crop Science, 13(6): 630-633. [DOI:10.2135/cropsci1973.0011183X001300060013x]
2. Abul-Naas, A.A., and Omran, M.S. 1974. Salt tolerance of seventeen cotton cultivars during germination and early seedling development. ZAcker Pflanzenbau, 140: 229-236.
3. Akbari, L., Cheghamirza, K., and Farshadfar, E. 2017. In vitro evaluation of drought tolerance in durum wheat genotypes (Triticum durum L.). Journal of plant research (Iranian Journal of Biology), 29(2): 273-285. [In Persian with English Summary].
4. Alishah, O., and Ahmadikhah, A. 2009. The effects of drought stress on improved cotton varieties in Golestan province of Iran. International Journal of Plant Production, 3(1): 1-10.
5. Basal, H. 2010. Responsive of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) genotypes to salt stress. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 42(1): 505-511.
6. Basal, H., Demiral, M.A., and Canavar, O. 2006. Shoot biomass production of converted race stocks of upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) exposed to salt stress. Asian Journal of Plant Science, 5(2): 238-242. [DOI:10.3923/ajps.2006.238.242]
7. Fathi Sadabadi, M., Ranjbar, G.A., Zangi, M.R., Kazemi Tabar, S.K., and Najafi Zarini, H. 2016. 2nd national congress on the development of agricultural science and natural resources. Farhangian university-Golestan province. [In Persian].
8. Fernandez, G.C.J. 1992. Effective selection criteria for assessing stress tolerance. In: Kuo, C.G. (ed.). Proceedings of the International Symposium on Adaptation of Vegetables and Other Food Crops in Temperature and Water Stress, Publication, Tainan, Taiwan.
9. Fische, R.A., and Maurer, R. 1978. Drought resistance in spring wheat cultivars: I. Grain yield responses. Australian Journal Agricultural Research, 29(5): 897-912. [DOI:10.1071/AR9780897]
10. Ibrahim, M.J., Akhtar, M., Younis, M.A., Riaz, Anwar-ul-Haq, M., and Tahir, M. 2007. Selection of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) genotypes against NaCl stress. Soil and Environment, 26(1): 59-63.
11. International Seed Testing Association. 1985. International rules for seed testing. Rules 1985. Seed Science and Technology, 13(2): 299-513.
12. Kamrava, S., Babaeian Jelodar, N.A., and Bagheri, N.A. 2016. Evaluation of some soybean genotypes (Glycine max) under salt stress. Journal of Crop Breeding 8(18): 57-63. [In Persian with English Summary]. [DOI:10.29252/jcb.8.18.57]
13. Khan, A.N., Qureshi, R.H., Ahmad, N., and Rashid, A. 1995. Response of cotton cultivars to salinity in various growth development stages. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture, 11: 729-731.
14. Khodarahmpour, Z. 2011. Screening maize (Zea mays L.) hybrids for salt stress tolerance at germination stage. African Journal of Biotechnology, 10(71): 15959-15965. [DOI:10.5897/AJB11.2493]
15. Kor Nejadi, A. 2002. Selection of cotton cultivars for salinity tolerance at germination and seedling stage. M.Sc. Thesis. The Gorgan University of Agriculture Science and Natural Resources 106p. [In Persian].
16. Lin, H., Salus, S., and Schumaker, S. 1997. Salt sensitivity and the activity of the H+- At pass in cotton seedling, Crop Science, 37: 190-197. [DOI:10.2135/cropsci1997.0011183X003700010032x]
17. Maas, E.V., and Hoffmann, G.J. 1977. Crop salt tolerance current assessment. Journal Irrigation Drainage Divid, ASCE, 103: 115-134.
18. Maguire, J.D. 1962. Speed of germination-aid in selection and evaluation for seedling emergence and vigour. Crop Science, 2(2): 176-177. [DOI:10.2135/cropsci1962.0011183X000200020033x]
19. Marashi, S.S., Hajilou, J., Tabatabaei, S.J., Nahandi F.Z., and Toorchi, M. 2017. Screening date palm cultivars for salinity tolerance using physiological indices. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 49(2): 413-419.
20. Mashhadi, F. 2013. Identification of quantitative and qualitative characteristics effective on cotton yield under salinity stress M.Sc. Thesis. Tehran University of College of Abouraihan 75p. [In Persian].
21. Mensuh, J.K., Akomeah, P.A., and Ikhajiagbe, B. 2006. Ekpekurede effects of salinity on germination, growth and yield of five groundnut genotypes. African Journal of Biotechnology, 5(20): 1973-1979.
22. Mohammadzadeh, M. Norozi, M. Peighambari, S.A., and Nabipoor, A. 2008. Evaluating the Response of Rice Genotypes to Salinity Stress in Germination Stage. Journal of Crop Breeding, 1(1): 10-21. [In Persian with English Summary].
23. Mohammadzadeh, M., Peighambari, S.A., Nabipoor, A.R., and Norouzi, M. 2009. Evaluation of the using of rice genotypes response to salinity stress at seedling stage in hydroponic culture. Journal of Crop Breeding, 1(2): 85-95. [In Persian with English Summary].
24. Mostafavi, K. 2011. An evaluation of safflower genotypes (Carthamus tinctorius L.), seed germination and seedling characters in salt stress conditions. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 7: 1667-1672.
25. Motamedi, M., Khodarahmpour, Z., Naseri Rad, H. 2011. Study of physiologic tolerance of safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) genotypes on salinity stress in germination stage and seedling growth. Journal of Crop Breeding, 3(8): 81-92. [In Persian with English Summary].
26. Munns, R., and Termaat, A. 1986. Whole-plant responses to salinity. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology, 13: 143-160. [DOI:10.1071/PP9860143]
27. Rehman, S., Harris, P.J.C., Bourne, W.F., and Wikin, J. 1997. The effect of sodium chloride on germination and the potassium and calcium contents of Acacia seeds. Seed Science and Technology, 25(1): 45-57.
28. Rezaee, S., Ramazani Moghaddam, M.R., and Bazrgar, A.B. 2015. Cottonseed germination as affected by salinity and priming. Indian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Life Sciences, 5(1): 312-318.
29. Sedigh S., Zabet M., Ghaderi M.Gh., Samadzadeh A.R., 2015. Determination of the Suitable indices for drought tolerance in cotton genotypes, Iranian Journal of Cotton Researches, 3(2): 41-53. [In Persian with English Summary].
30. Sedigh, S., Zabet, M., Ghaderi, M.G. and Samadzadeh, A.R. 2016. Identification of superior varieties of Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) under drought stress and normal conditions using GGEBiplot and GTBiplotmethod in Birjand. Journal of Crop Breeding, 8(19): 134-144. [In Persian with English Summary].
31. Shirazi, E., Fazeli-nasab, B., Ramshin, H.A., Fazel-Najaf-Abadi, M., and Izadi-darbandi, A. 2016. Evaluation of drought tolerance in wheat genotypes under drought stress at germination stage. Journal of Crop Breeding, 8(20): 207-219. [In Persian with English Summary].
32. Varghese, S., Patel, K.V., Gohil, M.D., Bhatt, P.H., and Patel, G. 1995. Response of OT 11 leant cotton (Gossypium herbaceum) to salinity at germination stage. Indian Journal of Agriculture Science, 65: 823-825.
33. Zangi, M.R. 2005. Correlation between drought resistance indices and cotton yield in stress and non-stress conditions. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences, 4(2): 106-108. [DOI:10.3923/ajps.2005.106.108]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


© 2019 All Rights Reserved | Iranian Journal of Seed Research

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.