Volume 1, Issue 1 ((Spring and Summer) 2014)                   Iranian J. Seed Res. 2014, 1(1): 11-19 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Yari L, Hashemi S, Hasani F. Effects of different storage temperatures on sunflower seeds vigor. Iranian J. Seed Res.. 2014; 1 (1) :11-19
URL: http://yujs.yu.ac.ir/jisr/article-1-29-en.html
Seed and Plant Certification and Registration Research Institute, Karaj, Iran , yaril2001@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (38235 Views)
The cultivation of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) has significantly increased in recent years, mainly due to the quality of its oil, which is useful for the human consumption and industrial purposes. In order to investigate the effect of different seed storage temperatures on seed quality of two sunflower cultivars (Euorfluor and Rcord), seeds were exposed to three storage temperatures (5, 20 and 20-30C°) for four months. Experimental units were arranged factorial manner in a completely randomized design with four replications. The effect of storage under 20C° was more effective in maintaining the vigor of sunflower seeds. The effect of storage at 5C° culminated in damage of vigor of sunflower seeds by increasing electrical conductivity (EC) and mean germination time. The effect of storage at 20-30C° (alternative temperature) brought about seedling growth by comparing with other treatments. This study indicated that best results for germination and vigor of sunflower seeds found for the seed of Euorflour cultivar in comparison with to Record cultivar under seeds storage temperature.
Full-Text [PDF 276 kb]   (4270 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Seed Physiology
Received: 2013/11/30 | Accepted: 2014/03/20

1. Abreu, L.A.S., Carvalho, M.L.M., Pinto, C.A.G., Kataoka, V.Y., and Silva, T.T.A. 2013. Deterioration of sunflower seeds during storage. Journal of Seed Science, 35(2): 240-247. [DOI:10.1590/S2317-15372013000200015]
2. Anfinrud, M.N., and Schneiter, A.A. 1984. Relationship of sunflower germination and vigour tests to field performance. Crop Science, 24(2): 341-344. [DOI:10.2135/cropsci1984.0011183X002400020031x]
3.  Bailly, C., Benamar, A., Corbineau, F., and Come, D. 1996. Changes in malondialdehyde content and in superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione reductase activities in sunflower seeds as related to deterioration during accelerated aging. Physiologia Plantarum, 97(1): 104-110. [DOI:10.1111/j.1399-3054.1996.tb00485.x]
4.  Bewley, J.D., and Black, M. 1985. Seeds: Physiology of development and germination. New York: Plenum Press, 367p. [DOI:10.1007/978-1-4615-1747-4]
5. Deswal, D.P., and Sheoran, I.S.A. 1993. Simple method for seed leakage Measurement: applicable to single seeds of any size. Seed Science and Technology, 21: 179-185.
6.  Dharmalingam, C., and Basu, R.N. 1990. Maintenance of viability and vigour in sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). Seed Research, 18(1): 15-24.
7.  Ellis, R.H., and Roberts, E.H. 1980. Towards a Rational Basis for Testing Seed Quality. In. Hebblethwait, P.D (Ed.), Seed Production. Butterworths, London, pp. 605-635.
8.  Ferguson, J.M. 1985. Metabolic and biochemical changes during the early stages of soybean seed deterioration. 138p. Thesis (Ph.D.) University of Kentucky, Lexington.
9. Fessel, S.A., Vieira, R.D., Crus, M.C.P., Paula, R.C., and Panobianco, M. 2006. Electrical conductivity of corn seeds as influenced by temperature and period of storage. Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira, 41(10): 1551-1559. [DOI:10.1590/S0100-204X2006001000013]
10. Goel, A., Goel, A.K., and Sheoran, I.S. 2003. Changes in oxidative stress enzymes during artificial ageing in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) seeds. Journal of Plant Physiology, 1093-1100. [DOI:10.1078/0176-1617-00881]
11. ISTA. 2003. International Seed Testing Association. ISTA Handbook on Seedling Evaluation, 3rd ed.
12.  Lehner, A., Mamadou, N., Poels, P., Come, D., Bailly, C., and Corbineau, F. 2008. Changes in soluble carbohydrates, lipid peroxidation and antioxidant enzyme activities in the embryo during ageing in wheat grains. Journal Cereal Science, 47: 555-565. [DOI:10.1016/j.jcs.2007.06.017]
13.  Loeffler, R.T.M., Tekrony, D.M., and Egli, D.B. 1988. The bulk conductivity test as an indicator of soybean seed quality. Journal of Seed Technology, 12: 37-53.
14. Murphy, J.B., and Noland, T.L. 1982. Temperature effects on seed imbibition and leakage mediated by viscosity and membranes. Plant Physiology, 69: 428-431. [DOI:10.1104/pp.69.2.428]
15. Panobianco, M., and Vieira, R.D. 1996. Electrical conductivity of soybean soaked seeds. I. Effect of genotype. Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira, 31: 621-627.
16. Paula, M., Darder, M., Torres, M., and Martinez-Honduvilla, C.J. 1994. Electrical conductivity changes in deteriorated sunflower seeds. In International Symposium on Agrotechnics and Storage of Vegetable and Ornamental Seeds Acta Horticulturae, 362: 273-280. [DOI:10.17660/ActaHortic.1994.362.33]
17.  Powell, A.A. 1986. Cell membranes and seed leachate conductivity in relation to the quality of seed for sowing. Journal of Seed Technology, 10: 81-100.
18. Reuzeau, C., Goffner, D., and Cavalie, G. 1992. Relation between protein composition and germination capacity of sunflower seeds. Seed Science Research, 2(4): 223-230. [DOI:10.1017/S0960258500001410]
19. SAS. 2002. The SAS system of windows, Release 9.0, Statistical Analysis system Institute, Cary, NC, USA.
20.  Schmidt, D.H., and Tracy, W.F. 1989. Duration of imbibition affects seed leachate conductivity in sweet corn. HortScience, 24(2): 346-347.
21. Short, G.E., and Lacy, M.L. 1976. Carbohydrate exudation from pea seeds: effect of cultivar, seed age, seed color and temperature. Phytopathology, 66: 182-187. [DOI:10.1094/Phyto-66-182]
22.  Šimić, B., Popović, R., Sudarić, A., Rozman, V., Kalinović, I., and Ćosić, J. 2007. Influence of storage condition on seed oil content of Maize, Soybean and sunflower. Agriculture Conspectus Scientificus,72(3): 211-213.
23. Styer, R.C., and Cantliffe, D.J. 1983. Changes in seed structure and composition during development and their effects on leakage in two endosperm mutants of sweet corn. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 108: 721-728.
24. Tao, J.K. 1978. Factors causing variations in the conductivity test for soybean seeds. Journal of Seed Technology, 3: 10-18.
25.  Vieira, R.D., Tekrony, D.M., Egli, D.B., and Rucker, M. 2001. Electrical conductivity of soybean seeds after storage in several environments. Seed Science and Technology, 29: 599-608.
26.  Zhang, M., Maeda, Y., Furihata, Y., Nakamaru, Y., and Esashi, Y. 1994. A mechanism of seed deterioration in relation to the volatile compounds evolved by dry seeds themselves. Seed Science Research, 4(1): 49-56. [DOI:10.1017/S0960258500001999]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Iranian Journal of Seed Research

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.