Volume 3, Issue 2 ((Autumn & Winter) 2017)                   Iranian J. Seed Res. 2017, 3(2): 119-127 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Tadayon M R, Rahimi M. Effect of Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticles and Carbon Nanotube on Seed Germination Characteristics of Some Hordeum vulgare Hulled Varieties. Iranian J. Seed Res.. 2017; 3 (2) :119-127
URL: http://yujs.yu.ac.ir/jisr/article-1-169-en.html
Associate Professor of Seed Science and Technology of Shahrekord University, Shahrekord, Iran , mrtadayon@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (3660 Views)

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of Nano TiO2 and Nano CNT on some germination indices and growth parameters of some hulled barley cultivars. The experiment was conducted in a laboratory at Shahrekord University during 2014. The study was a factorial, adopting a completely randomized design with four replications. Treatments consisted of titanium dioxide nanoparticles and carbon nanotube (CNT) in four concentrations (0, 10, 30 and 60 mg.l-1) which were applied to seeds of hulled barley cultivars such as Bahman, Makoii and Nosrat. The traits measured were the dry weight of seedling and seedling length, germination percentage, germination rate, mean germination time, the percentage of resistance of radical, seedling vigor length and weight index. The results showed that carbon nanotubes treatments with 60 mg.l-1 had a significant impact on germination percentage, germination rate, seedling vigor length and weight index and seedling dry weight, as compared with other treatments. In this experiment, the highest percentages of resistance of radicle, seedling vigor weight index and seedling dry weight of Nosrat Cultivar were obtained under 60 mg.l-1 carbon nanotube treatment, which was 70, 122.2 and 64.9%, respectively, as compared with control treatment. In addition, 60 mg.l-1 carbon nanotube treatment increased the seedling vigor of Makoii cultivar by 39.8%, as compared with the control treatment. The findings were that in terms of seedling vigor length and weight index, seedling length, seedling dry weight and the percentage of resistance of radical, the Nosrat Cultivar showed better morphological characteristics than Bahman and Makoii cultivars, under laboratory conditions.

Full-Text [PDF 160 kb]   (535 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2015/11/5 | Accepted: 2016/06/14

1. Abdel-Goad, M., and Potschke, P. 2005. Phenological characterization of melt processed poly carbonate multi walled carbon nanotube composite. Journal Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics,128(1): 2-6. [DOI:10.1016/j.jnnfm.2005.01.008]
2. Adhikari, T. Kundu, S., and Subba Rao, A. 2013. Impact of SiO2 and Mo Nano particles on seed germination of rice (Oryza sativa L.). International Journal of Agriculture and Food Science Technology, 4: 809-816.
3. Akar, T. Avci, M., and Dusunceli, F. 2004. Barley: Post-harvest operations. The Central Research Institute for Field Crops, Ankara, Turkey.
4. Azimi, R. Jankju Borzelabad, M. Feizi, H., and Azimi, A. 2014. Interaction of SiO2 nanoparticles with seed prechilling on germination and early seedling growth of tall wheatgrass Agropyron elongatum. Polish Journal of Chemical Technology, 16(3): 25-29. [DOI:10.2478/pjct-2014-0045]
5. Bajji, M. Kinet, J.M., and Lutts, S. 2002. Osmotic and ionic effects of NaCl on germination, early seedling growth, and ion content of Atriplex halimus Chenopodiaceae. Canadian Journal of Botany, 80(3): 297-304. [DOI:10.1139/b02-008]
6. Buzea, C. Pacheco Blandino, I., and Robbie, K. 2007. Nanomaterials and nanoparticles: sources and toxicity. Biointerphases, 2(4): 17-71. [DOI:10.1116/1.2815690]
7. Gairola, K.C. Nautiyal, A.R., and Dwivedi, A.K. 2011. Effect of temperatures and germination media on seed germination of Jatropha curcas L. Advances in Bioresearch, 2(2): 66-71.
8. Hatami, M. Ghorbanpour, M., and Salehiarjomand, H. 2014. Nano-anatase TiO2 modulates the germination behavior and seedling vigority of some commercially important medicinal and aromatic plants. Journal Biological and Environmental Science, 8(22): 53-59.
9. ISTA. 1999. International rules for seed testing. seed science and technology, 27, Supplement.
10. Jaberzadeh, A. Moaveni, P. Tohidi Moghadamh, R., and Zahedi, H. 2013. Influence of bulk and nanoparticles titanium foliar application on some agronomic traits, seed gluten and starch contents of wheat subjected to water deficit stress. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 41(1): 201-207.
11. Khodakovskaya, M., Dervishi, E., Mahmood, M., Xu, Y., Li, Z., Watanabe, F., and Biris, A.S. 2009. Carbon nanotubes are able to penetrate plant seed coat and dramtically affect seed germination and plant growth. American Chemical Society, 3(10): 3221-3227.
12. Lahiani, M.H. Dervishi, E., Chen, J., Nima, Z., Gaume, A., Biris, A.S., and Khodakovskaya, M.V. 2013. Impact of carbon nanotube exposure to seeds of valuable crops. ACS Applied Materials Interfaces, 5(16): 7965-7973. [DOI:10.1021/am402052x] [PMID]
13. Ma, X., Geiser-Lee, J., Deng, Y., and Kolmakov, A. 2010. Interactions between engineered nanoparticles (ENPs) and plants: phytotoxicity, uptake and accumulation. Science of the Total Environment, 408(16): 3053-3061. [DOI:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2010.03.031] [PMID]
14. Mahajan P., Dhoke S.K., and Khanna A.S. 2011. Effect of Nano-ZnO particle suspension on growth of mung (Vigna radiate) and gram (Cicer arietinum) seedlings using plant agar method. Hindawi Publishing Corporation Journal of Nanotechnology, 1-7.
15. Mahmoodzadeh, H., Nabavi, M., and Kashefi, H. 2013. Effect of nanoscale titanium dioxide particles on the germination and growth of canola (Brassica napus). Journal of Ornamental and Horticultural Plants, 3(1): 25-32.
16. Mahmoodzadeh, H., and Aghili, R. 2014. Effect on germination and early growth characteristics in wheat plants (Triticum aestivum L.) seeds exposed to TiO2 nanoparticles. Journal of Chemical Health Risks, 4(1): 29-36.
17. Monica, R.C., and Cremonini, R. 2009. Nanoparticles and higher plants, Caryologia, 62(2): 161-165. [DOI:10.1080/00087114.2004.10589681]
18. Raskar, S.V., and Laware, S.L. 2013. Effect of titanium dioxide nano particles on seed germination and germination indices in onion. Plant Sciences Feed, 3(7): 103-107.
19. Siddiqui, M.H., Al-Whaibi, M.H., Firoz, M., and Al-Khaishany, M.Y. 2015. Role of nanoparticles in plants. In nanotechnology and plant sciences. Springer International Publishing, 19-35. [DOI:10.1007/978-3-319-14502-0_2]
20. Weiss, J., Takhistov, P., and McClements, D.J. 2006. Functional materials in food nanotechnology. Journal of Food Science, 71(9): 107-116. [DOI:10.1111/j.1750-3841.2006.00195.x]
21. Wenchao, Du., Yuanyuan, S., Rong, Ji., Jianguo, Zhu., Jichum, Wu., and Hongyan, Guo. 2010. TiO2 and ZnO nanoparticles negatively affect wheat growth and soil enzyme activities in agricultural soil. Journal of Environmental Monitoring, 13(4): 822-828.
22. Yang, L., and Watts, D.J. 2005. Particle surface characteristics may play an important role in phytotoxicity of alumina nanoparticles. Toxicology Letters, 158(2): 122-132. [DOI:10.1016/j.toxlet.2005.03.003] [PMID]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
Write the security code in the box

Send email to the article author

© 2018 All Rights Reserved | Iranian Journal of Seed Research

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.