Volume 3, Issue 2 ((Autumn & Winter) 2017)                   Iranian J. Seed Res. 2017, 3(2): 143-154 | Back to browse issues page



DOI: 10.29252/yujs.3.2.143

XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Sadeghi F. Effect of Magnesium and Zinc Elements on Agronomic Traits and Seed Germination of Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum cv. Sivand). Iranian J. Seed Res.. 2017; 3 (2) :143-154
URL: http://yujs.yu.ac.ir/jisr/article-1-105-en.html

Assistant Professor, , of Seed and Plant Improvement Departments, Kermanshah Agricultural and Natural Resources Research Center, AREEO, Kermanshah, Iran , fsadeghi40@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (2300 Views)

In order to study the effect of zinc and magnesium on agronomic and seed germination traits of wheat (Sivand cultivar), the current study was carried out at Mahidasht Agricultural Research Station in Kermanshah over the years 2012 and 2013. The experiment was conducted as factorial based on completely randomized block design with three replications. The treatments consisted of four levels of zinc sulfate (zero, 20, 40 and 60 kg per hectare) and four levels of magnesium (zero, 70, 140 and 210 kg per hectare in the form of magnesium sulfate). The measured parameters included thousand seed weight, hectoliter weight, protein, zinc and magnesium seeds, germination test, growth rate, seed vigor, plant characteristics and grain yield. The results showed the effects of zinc and magnesium factors were significant for most traits at 1 and 5%. The effect of zinc sulfate showed that 60 kg zinc sulfate had the best effect on the traits under investigation. The effect of this treatment on two important traits (i.e., yield and grain protein percent) with 7.10 tons per hectare and 12.05% was higher (about 115 and 103%, respectively), as compared with the control treatment. Effect of magnesium sulfate levels on the traits showed that the treatment of 210 kg per hectare of magnesium sulfate was the superior treatment. The effects of the above-mentioned treatment on yield (7.84 tons per hectare) and grain protein (11.89 percent) were higher than the control treatment, which was 124 and 101.5%, respectively. Given the number of field nutrients and the wheat needs for these elements, the treatments of 20 kg per ha of zinc sulfate and 140 kg per ha of magnesium sulfate were better than other treatments and economically speaking, are very cost-effective and are thus recommended.
 

Full-Text [PDF 372 kb]   (401 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2016/02/22 | Accepted: 2016/11/12

References
1. Abd El-Wahab, M.A. 2008. Effect of some trace elements on growth, yield and chemical constituents of Trachyspermum ammi L. (AJOWAN) plants under Sinai conditions. Research Journal of Agricultural and Biology Sciences, 4(6): 717-724.
2. Abdul-Baki, A.A., and Anderon, J.D. 1973. Vigor determination in soybean by multiple criteria. Crop Science, 13: 630-633. [DOI:10.2135/cropsci1973.0011183X001300060013x]
3. Afzal, I.S., Ahmad, M.A., and Farooq, M. 2005. Optimization of hormonal priming techniques for evaluation of salinity stress in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Caderno de Pesquisa Serie Biologia, 17(1): 95-109.
4. Arif, M., Ali, S., Khan, A., Jan, T., and Akbar, M. 2006. Influence of farm yard manure application on various wheat cultivars. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture, 22(1): 27-29.
5. Arshad Ullah, M., Sarfraz, M., Sadiq, M., Mehdi, SM., and Hassan, G. 2012. Effects of pre -sowing seed treatments with micronutrients on growth parameters of Raya. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences, 1(1): 22-25.
6. Bharti, K., Pandey, N., Shankhdhar, D., Srivastava, P., and Shankhdhar, S. 2013. Improving nutritional quality of wheat through soiland foliar zinc application. Plant Soil and Environment, 59(8): 348-352.
7. Cakmak, I. 2008. Enrichment of cereal grains with zinc: Agronomic or genetic biofortification? Plant and Soil, 302(1-2): 1-17. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-008-9584-6 [DOI:10.1007/s11104-007-9466-3]
8. Ellis, R.H., and Roberts, E.H. 1981. The quantification of ageing and survival in orthodox seeds. Seed Science and Technology, 9: 377-409.
9. Farooq, M., Wahid, A., and Siddique, KH.M. 2012. Micronutrient application through seed treatments –a review. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 12(1): 125-142 . [DOI:10.4067/S0718-95162012000100011]
10. Harris, D., Rashid, A., Miraj, G., Arif, M., and Yunas, M. 2008. \'On-farm\' seed priming with zinc in chickpea and wheat in Pakistan. Plant Soil, 306(1-2): 3-10. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-007-9465-4 [DOI:10.1007/s11104-007-9506-z]
11. Harris, D., Rashid, D., Miraj, G., Arif, M., and Shah, H. 2007. \'On-farm\' seed priming with zinc sulphate solution – a cost-effective way to increase the maize yields of resource-poor farmers. Field Crops Research, 102(2): 119-127. [DOI:10.1016/j.fcr.2007.03.005]
12. Jones, J., and Kosina, P. 2007. What determines wheat quality? http://www.knowledgebank. cimmyt.org. 24-04-2008.
13. Li, BY., Zhou, DM., Cang, L., Zhang, HL., Fan, XH., and Qin, SW. 2007. Soil micronutrient availability to crops as affected by long-term inorganic and organic fertilizer applications. Soil and Tillage Research, 96(1): 166-173. [DOI:10.1016/j.still.2007.05.005]
14. Kaya, C., and Higgs, D. 2003. Supplementary potassium nitrate improves salt tolerance in bell pepper plants. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 26: 1367-1382. [DOI:10.1081/PLN-120021048]
15. Merhaut, D.J. 2007. Magnesium. In: Handbook of Plant Nutrition (ed.). Taylor and Francis Group, Boca Raton. FL. 145-183 .
16. Mousavi, S.R., Galavi, M., and Ahmadvand, G. 2007. Effect of zinc and manganese foliar application on yield, quality and enrichment on potato (Solanum tuberosum L.). Asian Journal of Plant Sciences, 6: 1256-1260. [DOI:10.3923/ajps.2007.1256.1260]
17. Moussavi-Nik, M., Pearson, J.N., Hollamby, G.J., and Graham, R.D. 1998. Dynamies of nutrient remobilization during germination and early seedlings development in wheat. Plant Nutrition, 21(3): 421-434. [DOI:10.1080/01904169809365414]
18. Obrador, A., Alvarez, J.M., Lopez-Valdivia, LM., Gonzalez, D., Novillo, J., and Rico, MI. 2007. Relationships of soil properties with Mn and Zn distribution in acidic soils and their uptake by a barley crop. Geoderma, 137(3): 432-443. [DOI:10.1016/j.geoderma.2006.10.001]
19. Prasad, R. 2012. Micro mineral nutrient deficiencies in humans, animals and plants and their amelioration. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, India Section B: Biological Sciences, 82(2): 225-233. [DOI:10.1007/s40011-012-0029-x]
20. Rengel, Z., and Graham, R.D. 1995. Importance of seed Zn content for wheat growth on Zn deficient soils. II- Grain yield. Plant and Soil, 173(2): 267-274. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00011463 [DOI:10.1007/BF00011464]
21. Tabrizian, F., and Osareh, A.M. 2007. Improved seed emergence and yield related traits of marigold (Calendula officinalis L.) by on-farm seed micronutrient treatment trials. Iranian Journal of Crop Sciences, 9(2): 124-141.
22. Wei, X., Hao, M., Shao, M., and Gale, WJ. 2006. Changes in soil properties and the availability of soil micronutrients after 18 years of cropping and fertilization. Soil Tillage Research, 9(1): 120-130. [DOI:10.1016/j.still.2005.11.009]
23. Who, M. 1998. The world health report world health organization, Geneva, Switzerland.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
Write the security code in the box

Send email to the article author


© 2015 All Rights Reserved | Iranian Journal of Seed Research

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.